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From GPS to Maps and Beyond Delaware Instructional Technology Conference – Spring 2008. Thursday, April 10, 2008 Presenters: Miriam Pomilio and Nicole M. Minni. GIS in Education Subcommittee .

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From gps to maps and beyond delaware instructional technology conference spring 2008 l.jpg
From GPS to Maps and Beyond Delaware Instructional Technology Conference – Spring 2008

Thursday, April 10, 2008

Presenters: Miriam Pomilio and Nicole M. Minni

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GIS in Education Subcommittee

  • GIS professionals from state government, academia and private sectors dedicated to helping expand the use of GIS and other geospatial technologies in Delaware schools.

  • Assist with planning and carrying out classroom geospatial activities/lessons

  • Resource for educators

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  • Introductions

  • Presentation

  • Google – Excel to KML

  • ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • Resources

  • Wrap up

  • Questions

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Why is GPS to GIS Important… the connection

  • “Have students engaged in something meaningful that gives back to the community AND encompasses spatial thinking. ” Joseph Kerski, ESRI

  • Meaningful field experience, interdisciplinary topics

  • Visualize points in relation to other data.. Provides more than just a database

  • Ask questions

  • Begin to see relationships and patterns

  • Find Solutions to get the BIG IDEA!

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GPS Point Ideas

  • Historical Locations

  • Stormdrains

  • Riparian data collection i.e. trash, native plants, invasive plants

  • Trees/ shrubs

  • Building entrances

  • Discovery of insects and other critters

  • Parking lot use

  • Your neighborhood

  • Good and bad locations in a neighborhood


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The data table for your GPS points

  • It is always good to have a paper back up when possible / feasible

  • Data includes: ID NUM, latitude, longitude, description or other notes, photographs

  • MS Excel to KML for Google

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Google Earth possibilities

  • Google Earth – FREE - //

    • Can share with other classrooms around the world!!

  • Blackbird Creek Reserve

  • Historical Tours, Dover, Milton and Lewes

  • Miriam provides a demonstration

  • Now its your turn!

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Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

  • GIS gives the end user the ability to think spatially, which approaches the process of problem solving. How?

    • Exploring

    • Investigating

    • Establishing questions

    • Obtaining conclusions

*Dueker, K. J., and D Kjerne, Multipurpose Cadastre Terms and Definitions, Am Soc for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and Am Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Falls Church, VA, 1989.

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GIS Ideas

  • Historical Locations – understanding the history of your town, city, neighborhood

  • Water

    • Stormdrains

    • Riparian data collection i.e. trash, native plants, invasive plants - link between land and water

    • Discovery of bugs – soils, climate, seasons

  • Trees/ shrubs – shade buffer, seasonal timeline

  • Building entrances –handicap accessibility

  • Parking lot use – pervious vs. impervious

  • Your neighborhood

    • grocery stores, fire department, parks, etc.

    • Good and bad locations - helping kids stay safe and make good choices


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Who Uses GIS

  • Before GIS technology, only a few people had the skills necessary to use geographic information to help with decision making and problem solving.

  • Today, GIS is a multi-billion-dollar industry employing hundreds of thousands of people worldwide.

  • GIS is taught in K-12 schools, colleges, and universities throughout the world.

  • Professionals in many fields are increasingly aware of the advantages of thinking and working spatially.

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Cholera death

Water pump

London cholera epidemic 1854, map by Dr. John Snow, “GIS” pioneer

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Examples of GIS

Municipal Planning

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Ingram Pond Nature Center

  • Bluebird nesting boxes

  • Osprey nesting sites

  • Bald Eagle nesting sites

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Washington D.C. Area Sniper Shootings, 2002

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Watershed Analysis

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Delaware K-12 Students

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Geographic Inquiry

  • Use GIS to answer your research question

    • Aquire geographic resources and data

    • Explorer geographic data

    • Analyze geographic information

    • Act upon geographic knowledge






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Acquire Geographic Resources and Data

  • What types of data do you think we will need to assist in our research question?

    • Stormwater management on the DelTech campus

    • Water, ponds, rivers, streams

    • Roads

    • Aerial photography

    • Watershed boundaries

    • Elevation

    • Other data for reference

      • i.e. Parks

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Explorer and Analyze Geographic Data

  • Relationships

  • Patterns

  • Querying our data

    • What areas use which storm drain?

      • Understanding elevation and flow

    • Identify streams around the DelTech Campus

    • Which subwatershed does the DelTech Campus fall within?

    • How much area on campus is impervious surface?

    • Can we slow down the rate in which the stormwater moves?

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Act Upon Knowledge

  • Outreach and Education

    • Placement of storm drain medallions

    • Opportunities to implement best management practices with the students

      • i.e. native plantings, pervious surfaces, etc.

    • Are there areas which more storm water could be captured, filtered and/or reused?

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ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education – FREE -

    • Pan and zoom through multiple map layers

    • Query spatial and attribute data

    • Create a buffer around selected features

    • Measure distances on a map

    • Create map layers with one symbol, unique symbols, and graduated symbols

    • Label map features, with many options for effects (such as highway shields)

    • Locate an address

    • Incorporate image formats (BMP, TIFF, PNG, JPG, and GIF)

    • Save and retrieve projects

    • Print maps

    • Incorporate overview maps

    • Add legends, scale bars and north arrows

    • Quickly access the Geography Network, a collaborative system that connects users with data and services via the Internet

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Hands-on ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • Nicole will demonstrate

  • Now it is your turn!

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GPS Resources

  • Play find your longitude


  • Geocaching Ideas


    • Apple Learning Interchange


  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Corpscon Web site


  • THE GIS 2 GPS Portal


  • GPS Lesson Plans


  • The Science Spot, Learning with GPS


  • NOVA Online, Find Your Longitude


  • Downloading directly from your Garmin unit


  • Getting started with Geocaching


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GIS Resources

  • Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)

    • ArcExplorer -

  • What is GIS? – Flash Demo

  • Apple Learning Interchange – 4th Grade Land and Water Unit

    • //

  • Printable Map from the National Atlas

    • //

  • National Geographic Xpeditions Lesson Plans and printable maps


  • Thomson, Brooks/Cole – GIS Investigations for the Earth Sciences

    • //

  • Washington Nature Mapping Program

    • //

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GIS Resources cont.

  • Towson State University, Chesapeake Bay & Mid-Atlantic from Space K-12 Education

    • //

  • GIS@UD - //

  • Enchanted Learning – printouts for labeling


  • GISMAPED – a vehicle for providing professional development in the use of GIS as a teaching tool



  • University of Delaware, College of Martine and Earth Studies, K-12 Teaching Resources


  • Delaware Geographic Alliance


  • Evergreen Learning

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Thank youQuestions?