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Benzene - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Benzene. C 6 H 6 Uses : styrene; phenol; synthetic detergents; cyclohexane for nylon; DDT; insecticides; fumigants; solvent; paint removers; rubber cement; antiknock gasoline. Phenol, (carbolic acid). C 6 H 5 OH

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benzene
Benzene
  • C6H6
  • Uses: styrene; phenol; synthetic detergents; cyclohexane for nylon; DDT; insecticides; fumigants; solvent; paint removers; rubber cement; antiknock gasoline
phenol carbolic acid
Phenol, (carbolic acid)
  • C6H5OH
  • Uses:solvent for refining lubricating oils; salicylic acid; phenoltpthalein; germicidal paints; pharmaceuticals; laboratory reagent; slimicide
2 4 6 trinitrotoluene
2,4,6 -Trinitrotoluene
  • CH3C6H2(NO2) 3
  • Uses:Explosives; intermediate in dyestuffs and photographic chemicals
  • Will detonate only if vigorously shocked or heated to 450oF
butane
Butane
  • C4H10
  • Uses:organic synthesis; raw material for synthetic rubber and high-octane liquid fuels; propellant in aerosols
  • Extremely stable; has no corrosive action on metal; does not react with moisture
chemical storage bottles
Chemical Storage Bottles

Lid Color = SAFETY

  • Green – NH4OH
  • Blue – HCl
  • Yellow – H2SO4
aldehyde
Aldehyde

Aldehydes end

with –al.

e.g., Ethanal

CH3COH

carboxylic acid
Carboxylic Acid

Carboxylic acid

ends –ic acid.

e.g., Ethanoic acid

CH3COOH

ester
Ester

Ester ends with -oate

Name R’ first

e.g., methyl ethanoate

CH3COOCH3

cermaic dishes
Cermaic Dishes

Evaporating Dish

Crucible with lid

benzene1
Benzene
  • C6H6
  • Uses: styrene; phenol; synthetic detergents; cyclohexane for nylon; DDT; insecticides; fumigants; solvent; paint removers; rubber cement; antiknock gasoline
phenol carbolic acid1
Phenol, (carbolic acid)
  • C6H5OH
  • Uses:solvent for refining lubricating oils; salicylic acid; phenoltpthalein; germicidal paints; pharmaceuticals; laboratory reagent; slimicide
2 4 6 trinitrotoluene1
2,4,6 -Trinitrotoluene
  • CH3C6H2(NO2) 3
  • Uses:Explosives; intermediate in dyestuffs and photographic chemicals
  • Will detonate only if vigorously shocked or heated to 450oF
butane1
Butane
  • C4H10
  • Uses:organic synthesis; raw material for synthetic rubber and high-octane liquid fuels; propellant in aerosols
  • Extremely stable; has no corrosive action on metal; does not react with moisture
aldehyde1
Aldehyde

Aldehydes end

with –al.

e.g., Ethanal

CH3COH

carboxylic acid1
Carboxylic Acid

Carboxylic acid

ends –ic acid.

e.g., Ethanoic acid

CH3COOH

ester1
Ester

Ester ends with -oate

Name R’ first

e.g., methyl ethanoate

CH3COOCH3