THE FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY Location Place Human-Environment Interaction Movement Regions
Theme 1: Location Location: the meaning of relative and absolute position on the earth's surface • Sample terms: Latitude and longitude, site and situation, direction, distance, scale
Location • Two Types of Location • Absolute • Relative • Where is It? • Why is It There?
Absolute Location • A specific place on the Earth’s surface • Uses a grid system • Latitude and longitude • A global address
Absolute Location • Examples: • Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E • Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere • Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer. • LNE is located in Lincoln, NE.
Relative Location • Where a place is in relation to another place • Uses directional words to describe • Cardinal and intermediate directions
Relative Location • Examples: • Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea. • Argentina is near Brazil. • Ecuador is south of Mexico. • Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.
Theme 2: Place Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales • Sample terms: Physical and cultural landscapes, sense of place
PlacePhysical Characteristics • Land Features • Mountains, plains, and plateaus • Climate • Bodies of Water
PlaceHuman Characteristics • People • Culture • Language • Religion • Buildings and Landmarks • Cities
Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction Relationships within places: the development and consequences of human-environment relationships • Sample terms: Ecosystems, natural resources, environmental pollution
Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction How People Interact With Their Environment People . . . • Adapt to Their Environment • Modify Their Environment • Depend on Their Environment http://www.fotosearch.com/comp/corbis/DGT119/BAG0017.jpg
Theme 4: Movement Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earth • Sample terms: Migration, diffusion, globalization
Theme 4: Movement The Mobility of • People • Goods • Ideas How Places are linked to one another and the world
Regions: how they form and change • Sample terms: Formal vs. functional regions
Theme 5: Regions What Places Have in Common • Political Regions • Landform Regions • Agricultural Regions • Cultural Regions
Remembering the 5 themes • If you can’t remembering what they are just ask MR. HELP!!! • M – Movement • R – Regions • HE – Human Environment interaction • L – Location • P - Place