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Copy the following on Portfolio p19. Discovery of gold in Georgia. Jackson’s attitude toward Indians. The cotton boom. The Indian Removal Act. The Supreme Court. Native American resistance. Trail of Tears.

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copy the following on portfolio p19
Copy the following on Portfolio p19

Discovery of gold in Georgia

Jackson’s attitude toward Indians

The cotton boom

The Indian Removal Act

The Supreme Court

Native American resistance

Trail of Tears

copy the following on portfolio p20 skip a line between each one fill in with correct response
Copy the following on Portfolio p20(Skip a line between each one.)** fill in with correct response…

By the 1820s, the Five Civilized Tribes had already……

President Jackson asked Congress to……

Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that……

Osceola was a Seminole leader who……

Black Hawk resisted the Indian Removal Act by...

lesson 12 2 jackson s policy toward native americans
Lesson 12.2: Jackson’s Policy Toward Native Americans

Today we will evaluate Jackson’s policy toward Native Americans.

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • evaluate – determine the worth or quality of something
  • policy – basic principle which a person or an organization follows
check for understanding
Check for Understanding
  • What are we going to do today?
  • How do your teachers evaluate how much you’ve learned?
  • How is a policy different from a rule?
what we already know
What We Already Know

In 1828, a new wave of voters emerged from the class of common people and elected Andrew Jackson president.

what we already know7
What We Already Know

One way that the cotton gin changed the South was that native Americans were forced from their land to make room for more cotton plantations.

what we already know8
What We Already Know

The Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison gave the courts the power of judicial review, meaning that courts can declare a law or executive action unconstitutional.

slide9
In the 1820s, most whites had strong feelings about the Native Americans still living east of the Mississippi River.

Some whites hoped that the Native Americans could adapt to the white people’s way of life.

Others did not want to live near the “uncivilized” Native Americans and felt Indians should move in order to avoid conflict over land.

check for understanding10
Check for Understanding
  • A ask B: What were the two attitudes most white Americans held toward Native Americans?
  • They either wanted them to learn to live like whites or they wanted them to be removed from contact with whites.

Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

slide11

In the 1820s, large areas of land in Georgia, the Carolinas, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee were owned by Indians.

The major tribes included the Cheroke, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole, who were often called the ‘Five Civilized Tribes.’

the cherokee nation had adopted many aspects of white culture
The Cherokee Nation had adopted many aspects of white culture.
  • Dressed like whites
  • Owned prosperous farms and cattle ranches
  • Some were slave-owners.
  • Written language, published their own newspaper
  • Some children attended missionary schools.
  • Cherokee constitution founded the Cherokee Nation in 1827
3 in what ways did the cherokees adopt white culture
3. In what ways did the Cherokees adopt white culture?
  • Owning farms and raising cattle
  • Publishing newspapers
  • Creating a written constitution by which to govern themselves
  • Voting in state and local elections

Choose the answer that is NOT true!

andrew jackson had a long history of conflict with native americans
Andrew Jackson had a long history of conflict with Native Americans.
  • He chased Seminole raiders after the War of 1812.
  • Acting as Indian treaty commissioner, Jackson had made treaties with Indians in the Southeast.
  • These treaties were forced on the tribes, and the government gained large tracts of land.
the cotton boom in georgia changed life for the cherokees
The cotton boom in Georgia changed life for the Cherokees
  • As the cotton boom spread across the South, more settlers moved westward looking for farmland.
  • The demand for new land for cotton cultivation led many settlers to desire Cherokee lands in Georgia and Tennessee.
the discovery of gold on their land in georgia changed life for the cherokees
The discovery of gold on their land in Georgia changed life for the Cherokees.
  • Now miners joined settlers in wanting Cherokee lands, and demands to move the Cherokees increased.
  • Georgia passed laws that gave them the right to take over Native American lands.
  • When the Cherokee and other tribes protested, Jackson supported Georgia.
jackson had a solution to the conflict in georgia
Jackson had a solution to the conflict in Georgia.

Jackson asked Congress to pass a law that would require Native Americans to either move west or submit to state laws.

jackson s solution to the conflict in georgia was the indian removal act
Jackson’s solution to the conflict in Georgia was the Indian Removal Act.

Although many Americans objected to the proposal, in 1830 Congress passed the act, which required Native Americans to relocate west of the Mississippi.

check for understanding20
Check for Understanding

Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

A ask B: For what two reasons did Georgia pass new laws that took land away from the Cherokee?

The cotton boom and the discovery of gold on Cherokee land caused Georgia to pass laws that took away their land.

check for understanding21
Check for Understanding

Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

B ask A: What did the Indian Removal Act do?

The Indian Removal Act required Native Americans to relocate west of the Mississippi.

jackson s actions reflected his view of native americans
Jackson’s actions reflected his view of Native Americans.

Jackson saw Indians as conquered subjects who lived within the boundaries of the United States, and had to obey U.S. laws.

slide23
He thought that Native Americans should adopt white culture and become citizens of the United States.
  • They could not have their own governments within the nation’s borders.
  • They could move west into the Indian Territory.
slide24

The Indian Territory was an area that covered what is now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska, where Native Americans were to relocate.

4 what belief was the basis for president jackson s policy on indians
4. What belief was the basis for President Jackson's policy on Indians?
  • Indians had a right to keep their traditional tribal ways.
  • Indians were committing crimes against white Georgians.
  • The government had the right to remove the Indians from the land east of the Mississippi.
  • The government treaty between the Cherokee and the U.S. gov-ernment was unconstitutional.
the cherokees tried to fight the indian removal act
TheCherokeestried to fight theIndian Removal Act.

The Cherokees appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court to protect their land from being seized by Georgia.

chief justice john marshall ruled that the cherokee nation did not have to relocate
Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the Cherokee Nation did not have to relocate.

Both Georgia and President Jackson ignoredthe Supreme Court.

native americans were forced to journey along the trail of tears
Native Americans were forced to journey along the Trail of Tears.

In 1838, federal troops rounded up 16,000 Cherokees and, over the fall and winter of 1838-1839, forced them to set out on the long journey west.

5 how did the supreme court rule on the indian removal act
5. How did the Supreme Court rule on the Indian Removal Act?
  • Georgia could not make laws governing the Cherokees.
  • Jackson's order to move the Indians west was unconstitutional.
  • The Indian Removal Act was unconstitutional.
  • The Cherokee must submit to the Indian Removal Act.
6 how did president jackson react to the supreme court ruling
6. How did President Jackson react to the Supreme Court ruling?
  • He obeyed the court.
  • He sent soldiers to force the Indians move to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.
  • He tried to open new negotiations with the Cherokees.
  • He asked Congress for a constitutional amendment that would make the Indian Removal Act constitutional.
other native american groups also resisted indian removal
Other Native American groups also resisted Indian removal.

In 1835, the Seminolesrefused to leave Florida, leading to the Second Seminole War.

other native american groups also resisted indian removal35
Other Native American groups also resisted Indian removal.

The Seminoles continued to fight until the war ended in 1842. Some went deeper into the Everglades, and others moved west.

the seminoles were led by a talented chieftain named osceola
The Seminoles were led by a talented chieftain named Osceola.

Osceola’s band used surprise attacks in the Everglades to defeat the U.S. Army in many battles.

several tribes north of the ohio river also resisted relocation
Several tribes north of the Ohio River also resisted relocation.

A chief named Black Hawk led a band of Sauk and Fox back to their lands in Illinois.

In the Black Hawk War, theIllinois militia and the U.S. Army crushed the uprising.

check for understanding39
Check for Understanding

Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

A ask B: Who was Osceola?

Osceola was a talented war chief of the Seminoles in Florida who led his people into war against the whites.

check for understanding40
Check for Understanding

Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

B ask A: Who was Black Hawk?

Black Hawk was a war chief of a band of Sauk and Fox back who led the fight against the whites in Illinois.

7 in what ways did native americans resist the indian removal act
7. In what ways did Native AmericansresisttheIndian Removal Act?
  • Hiding in the wilderness
  • Calling for a new alliance of all Southern tribes
  • Taking up arms against whites
  • Seeking foreign assistance from Great Britain
  • Bringing their case to the U.S. Supreme Court

Choose ALL that are true!