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Agenda

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  1. A New Day 2012 Building Intentional Communities For Life: Best Practices And Innovations4th ANNUAL ARCA EMPLOYMENT & HOUSING CONFERENCESEPTEMBER 17-19, 2012

  2. Agenda • Welcome • ARCA Housing Principles & Goals • What is an Intentional Community? • Intentional Communities - National Models • Starting an Intentional Community • Other Critical Issues • Question & Answer Session • Closing Comments

  3. ARCA Housing Principles • Affordable housing is not a disability issue; it is a community issue. • A broad range of housing options must be created in order to meet the diverse needs - includes a range of housing types, sizes, and locations. • Housing should not segregate people. • Housing must be affordable for people with developmental disabilities. • Support services should not be tied to housing. • Separate the ownership of housing from the provision of services. • Use principles of Universal Design and “green” building practices

  4. ARCA Housing Goals • Housing Development — increasing the stock of affordable housing through set-asides, scattered site acquisition, new construction, and pooled trusts. • Housing Services — educating, informing, advocating and assisting people in locating and maintaining housing. • Property Management Services — related to the repairs, maintenance and upkeep of properties owned by nonprofit housing organizations. • Funding Solutions — innovating financing strategies and funding programs. • Enabling Choice — building a future where people with developmental disabilities have access to affordable housing of their choice, in the community of their choice, with roommates of their choice, and service provider of their choice

  5. Critical Issue Housing is not just real estate !! When planning ANY type of housing consider how services and programs will be integrated with the physical property.

  6. What is an Intentional Community?A Definition “Intentional Community” is an inclusive term for ecovillages, cohousing communities, residential land trusts, communes, student co-ops, urban housing cooperatives, intentional living, alternative communities, cooperative living, and other projects where people strive together with a common vision. Source - Fellowship for Intentional Community (http://www.ic.org)

  7. What is an Intentional Community?A Common Mission & Vision • The Mission & Vision Statements – drives almost all decision-making • Sharing common values • Sharing common goals & purpose • Community living with rules but flexibility to allow for individuals differences, preferences & needs • Collective effort & participation • Not an end in itself but a TOOL on how to organize one’s life

  8. What is an Intentional Community?Variables & Options • Primary mission • Ownership & sponsorship • Services • Location • Staffing • Funding • Activities/Programs

  9. Intentional Communities - National Models Bittersweet Farms - Whitehouse, OH Sweetwater Spectrum - Sonoma, CA Camphill Communities – 10 in USA Benjamin’s Hope – Holland , MI

  10. Intentional Communities Bittersweet Farms

  11. Intentional CommunitiesBittersweet Farms • First farmstead model in US for adults with autism • Primary mission - to positively impact the lives of individuals with autism and those whose lives they touch • Ownership & sponsorship – 501(c)(3) nonprofit founded by parents and professionals (opened 1983) • Services – licensed intermediate care facility, community living, habilitation and day programs – serves 45 residents • Location - rural • Staffing – employed by Bittersweet, Inc. • Funding – Ohio DDS, US Dept. of Labor & private

  12. Intentional CommunitiesBittersweet Farms – Programs/Activities • Residential services • Horticulture – greenhouses, agriculture enterprise • Woodshop – operating machinery, wood products • Animal care – horses, chickens, goats – gross motor skills • Grounds keeping – 80 acres lawns, gardens & woods • Culinary arts – meal prep, baking, catering, pesto • Arts, ceramics & weaving • Habilitation activities – recycling, gardening, office work • Community-based employment

  13. Intentional Communities Sweetwater Spectrum

  14. Intentional Communities Sweetwater Spectrum

  15. Intentional Communities –Sweetwater Spectrum • Autism-specific & “green” designed • Primary mission - to provide adults with autism an innovative, supportive residential community & challenge each individual to reach his or her highest potential. • Ownership & sponsorship – 501(c)(3) nonprofit founded by parents and professionals (opens Dec. 2012) • Services – unlicensed – 4 homes for 16 residents – serve the entire “spectrum” of needs & financial resources • Location – 3 acres, suburban, 4 blocks to town • Staffing – employed by unaffiliated SLS/ILS vendors • Funding – residents pay rent, food, utilities & entertainment – SLS/ILS vendor staff paid by regional center

  16. Intentional Communities –Sweetwater Spectrum – Programs/Activities • Community center with media room, teaching kitchen, arts/music room, movement/exercise studio & library • 1.25-acre urban farm with organic vegetable gardens, orchards and greenhouse • Water activities - therapy pool & spa • Coordinated volunteer system • Outdoor passive and active lawn areas • Animal care – chickens and rabbit hutches • Assist in staff training programs & development • Commitment to replication

  17. Intentional Communities Camphill Communities • Primary mission - to provide a nurturing and dynamic residential community where adults with developmental disabilities live, learn and work together professional caregivers and volunteers. • Ownership & sponsorship – 501(c))(3) founded by Karl König and inspired by the anthroposophical teachings of Rudolf Steiner • Services & Programs – 24/7 licensed residential & day programs – serves 12 residents in Soquel, CA • Location – semi-rural • Staffing – “co-workers” employed by Camphill • Funding – staff paid by CA DDS

  18. Intentional Communities Benjamin’s Hope • Primary mission - to be an embracing natural setting where people with disability and the community gather for Christ-centered fellowship, treatment, housing and meaningful work • Ownership & sponsorship – 501(c)(3) nonprofit ministry founded by parents and professionals (opens 2013) • Services & Programs – 24/7 residential & day programs – serves 24 residents plus day participants • Location – 40 acres, rural • Staffing – employed by unaffiliated service providers • Funding – staff paid by MI DDS

  19. Starting an Intentional Community • How does one get started? • What will make it successful? • “Best practices” to emulate • Advice & pitfalls to avoid

  20. Starting an Intentional Community How does one get started? • Establish a committed, working team • Create the entity/organization & practices • Determine your mission & vision • Identify a property with nearby resources • Identify funding sources – start-up, development & ongoing operating budgets • Identify services, programs & partners • Spread the word & networking • Create community goodwill

  21. Starting an Intentional Community What will make it successful? • Understand/research your target residents • Provide a culture of choice & options • Sustainability – financial & services • Dedicated/committed families – perseverance !! • Engage a diverse team/Board of skilled people • Listen & learn – be flexible & adapt • A sound step-by-step business plan – think long-term while planning short-term

  22. Starting an Intentional Community“Best practices” to emulate • Implement strategies to integrate residents into the community • Architectural elements designed to improve the lives of residents • “Green” building design • Separate housing from services • Allow for “aging in place” of residents • Bittersweet MAPS model – Meaningful Activity, Aerobic Activity, Partnership & Structure

  23. Starting an Intentional CommunityAdvice & pitfalls to avoid • Don’t assume it is a part-time project or hobby – it is a MAJOR commitment & do hire professional help • Don’t go it alone – find a partner or others to team with • Be patient in finding the right location • Engage your neighbors & don’t underestimate possible objections • Know your laws – Lanterman Act, Olmstead, fair housing, disability rights, etc… • Engage your local politicians & bureaucrats • Remember – you cannot serve everyone • Set boundaries with your “founding” families • Don’t accept all donations – equipment, animals, plants • Tell your story from the heart and don’t be offended if not everyone shares your love of your project

  24. Other Critical Issues • CA state budget considerations • Funding sources (HUD, etc…) • Affordability • Resident employment – minimum wage goal • Transportation • Behavioral support • Federal funding/waivers • Staffing • Aging residents

  25. Question & Answer Session Open Discussion

  26. Closing Comments • The Past • The Present • The Future