Child Rights & Remedies Fall 2012 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Child Rights & Remedies Fall 2012

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  1. Child Rights & RemediesFall 2012 Class 2

  2. Time Horizon Immediate Legacy Organization Highly Organized Diffuse

  3. Third factor: Wealth Children do not directly manifest organized wealth and represent a long-term, diffuse interest.

  4. Growth of Horizontal Associations • Noerr-Pennington Exemption • 20,000 Lobbyists

  5. Increasing Concentration in Some Industry Sectors

  6. Factors Favoring Left Spectrum in Legislature • Campaign Finance (age, avoiding limits, cost increase, effect of Citizens United) • Lobbying (K Street vs. AARP vs. children) • Conflicts of Interest (revolving door)

  7. Factors Favoring Left Spectrum in Executive Branch • Campaign Finance of Appointers • Lobbying • Conflicts of Interest

  8. Factors Favoring Left Spectrum in Judiciary • Passivity and Access • Remedy • Standing • Finance

  9. Procedural Mechanisms in Judiciary • Class Action • Writs of Mandamus • Declaratory Relief • Attorney Fee Shifting Statutes

  10. Campaign Finance Reform • Contribution Limitations • Reporting of Contributions • Public Finance • Clean Money • Matching Funds • Tax Credits • Patriot Dollars • Free Media

  11. Taxpayer Protection Ordinance

  12. Lobbying Reform • Job Offers • Gifts • Ex Parte Rules (PUC)

  13. Judicial Reform • Adversary vs. Code Model (Less Passive, e.g., Juvenile Court) • Class Action Liberation • Access

  14. Basic Jurisprudence Note Federal Constitution State Constitution Federal Statute State Statute Federal Rule State Rule

  15. Child Advocacy Tools • Media • Organizing Others • Legislative History • Using Constitutional or Legislative Floors

  16. Using Federal Floors • Supremacy (14th Amendment) • Interstate Commerce • Condition of Federal $ • Use of Federal $

  17. 4 Levels of Federal $ • Federal $ = state must or cannot … • Federal $ = state entity assisted must or cannot … • Federal $ = fund of $ with state required match must or cannot … • Federal $ = fed $ must or cannot …