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The 1970s. The Events that Shaped the Decade. Domestic and World Events. What in the World Made Us So Cynical?. The Vietnam War 1955-1975. A “military conflict” between Communist N. Vietnam and anti-Communist S. Vietnam 58, 220 US Soldiers were killed

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the 1970s

The 1970s

The Events that

Shaped the Decade

domestic and world events

Domestic andWorld Events

What in the World

Made Us So Cynical?

the vietnam war 1955 1975
The Vietnam War 1955-1975
  • A “military conflict” between Communist N. Vietnam and anti-Communist S. Vietnam
  • 58, 220 US Soldiers were killed
  • Brought anti-war protests and divided the US along 2 lines (usually generational)
economic recession 1973 1975
Economic Recession 1973-1975
  • Record Unemployment meets record-high inflation
  • Caused by—
    • Vietnam War,
    • The 1973 Oil Crisis,
    • Competition from emerging countries competing with metal production
    • 1973-74 Stock Market Crash
kent state university 1970
Kent State University 1970
  • Peace rally broken up by Ohio National Guard
  • 4 unarmed students killed, 9 wounded
  • 67 rounds fired in 13 seconds
watergate scandal 1972 74
Watergate Scandal (1972-74)
  • Break-in at the DNC headquarters
  • Cover-up by Nixon’s administration
  • 43 Federal Indictments
  • Resignation of the President
attica prison riot 1971
Attica Prison Riot 1971
  • Uprising and Over-taking of Attica Prison after a killing of a Black Activist Prisoner in San Quentin
  • Race--54% of prisoners were Black/100% of prison guards White
  • Prisoners demanded better conditions
  • 28 demands were eventually met
  • 39 dead (10 guards/ civilians)
the manson murders
The Manson Murders
  • 1969—Tate/LaBianca murders in the Hollywood hills
  • Followers were white, upper-middle class
  • Brought fear to American families
  • Manson follower Squeaky Fromme went on to attempt assassination of Gerald Ford
the resulting effect
The Resulting Effect
  • Fear and distrust of authority
  • Cynicism
  • Shifting in gender roles
  • “dark” mood of the nation (pessimism)
  • Desensitization to violence
  • Desire to escape
social climate

Social Climate

How did world events

change our culture?

empowerment of women
Empowerment of Women
  • More films told stories from the woman’s perspective
  • Reflects a more important role in society for women
empowerment of women contributing factors
Empowerment of Women:contributing factors
  • Increased divorce rate
  • Vietnam
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Roe vs. Wade
now and the era
NOW and the ERA
  • The National Organization for Women sought the adoption of the Equal Rights Amendment
  • Guaranteed equal pay
  • Abortion Rights
  • Equalization in Representation
the sexual revolution
The Sexual Revolution
  • Films began to address taboo issues regarding human sexuality
    • Homosexuality
    • Transgender issues
    • “Open” relationships
    • Adultery
    • Casual sex
the sexual revolution contributing factors
The Sexual Revolution:contributing factors
  • Women’s Movement
  • Gay Rights movement
  • Increased self-awareness
  • Roe vs. Wade
  • Increased divorce rates
  • Recession
psychoanalysis why do i do the things i do
PsychoanalysisWhy do I do the things I do?
  • People began to enter into therapy and re-hab; the “self-help” movement was popularized
  • Films began to reflect the desire to understand one’s place in the “big picture”
  • Films became more introspective
  • New filmmakers emerged
the importance of the arts
The Importance of the Arts
  • People found comfort and escape through the arts and entertainment
  • The arts became divisive—the pop culturists vs. the intelligentsia
  • Films began to reference other created resources, aligning with established audiences