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Source of Finance. Introduction about sources of finance. Financial Resources. What the business have available it could be cash, securities, creditors , loan facilities and possessed.

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Source of finance

Source of Finance

Introduction about sources of finance

Financial resources
Financial Resources

  • What the business have available it could be cash, securities, creditors , loan facilities and possessed.

  • There are number of ways in which a business can raise the finance necessary to purchase assets and fund working capital. The method chosen depends upon:

  • The amount of money required by the business

  • The risk that the business represents to potential lenders

  • The time period over which the loan is required

Internal sources of finance
Internal sources of finance

  • Funds generated from an organisations own resources e.g. retained profit, sales of perhaps 4%.

  • Existing capital can be made to stretch further. The business may be able to negotiate to pay its bills later or work at getting cash in earlier from customers.

  • Nothing soothes a difficult cash situation better than profit. It is also the best and most common way to finance investment into firm’s future. Research shows that over 60% of business investment comes from reinvested profit.

External sources of finance
External sources of finance

  • If the business is unable to generate sufficient funds from internal sources then it may need to look to external sources. There are two sources of external capital: loan capital and share capital.

  • Loan capital: the most usual way is through barrowing from a bank this may be in the form of a bank loan or an overdraft. A loan is usually a set of period of time. It may be short term( one or two years), medium term (three to five years)or long term( more then five years) the loan could be paid back in instalments over time or at the end of the load period.

Source of finance

  • Leasing : is when the business can make use of the resources to use them all the time:

    Trade credit: suppliers agree to accept cash payment at a given dat in the future failure to pay on time can create problems for future orders. (short term under 1 year)

    Own savings: most small business are set up with the owners savings they are interset free but will be lost if the fails banks will not provide aloan or overdraft unlesss the owners are sharing the financial risk.

Sole trader
Sole trader to use them all the time:

  • Sole Traders are individual people that runs their own business. As they are individual business sole Traders can keep all the profits they make, they are also responsible for anything that happens in the business. The lost and profit is both left to them. Sole Traders have unlimited liability, so if the business would go bankrupt then the owner goes bankrupt as well.

Sole trader1
Sole Trader to use them all the time:

franchise to use them all the time:

  • A Franchise is not a business ownership but someone who has paid to become part of an established franhise business (such as McDonalds, Subway) .A franchise could set up their own business it doesn’t matter about the type of ownership all they have to make sure of is that they agree on the contract to the Franchisor. The Franchisor provides training, advertising premises and support for the franchise.

Source of finance

Trade Credit: this is a short term , trade credit means when you buy goods or services on acount e.g. buy something and not making immediate payments.

Private limited company ltd
PRIVATE LIMITED COMPANY (ltd) you buy goods or services on

  • This is a small family business and there must be at least two shareholders but how ever there is no rules on maximum number. The business has limited liability. The shareholders in private limited company cannot sell or transfer their shares without offering them first to the other shareholders for purchase.

Source of finance

Family and friends you buy goods or services on : they could always look up to their friends and owner and expect some help from them however they will not always be in credit to help them out.

Financial performance
Financial Performance you buy goods or services on

  • A personal measure of how well a firm can use assets from its primary mode of business and generate revenue. This term is also used as a general measure of a firm's overall financial health over a given period of time, and can be used to compare similar firms across the same industry or to compare industries or sectors in aggregation.

Budget and cost
Budget and Cost you buy goods or services on

  • Budget= A budget is a target for costs or revenue that a firm or department must aim to reach over a given period of time. Budgeting is like sitting a goal it is a technique for turning a firms strategy into reality.

  • Costs = costs are critical elements of the information necessary to manage a business succesffully. Cost are divided into 3 categories: Variable costs, Fixed Costs and semi fixed costs.

Why business needs to control costs and manage budgets
Why business needs to control costs and manage budgets. you buy goods or services on

  • There is a lot of requirements to make a certain amount of profit. There are bank requirement, shareholders requirements, and it can even affect relationships with customers. Controlling costs is part of budgeting and the total sales, minus the costs gives you the profit.