The Progressive Era. 1880s-1920s. A Reaction to Industrialization. And it’s associated problems. The Sweat Shop. …ills…. Corruption Scandals Waste. …and troubles. Child Labor Immigration. Characteristics of Progressives. Most were WASPS White Anglo Saxon Protestant
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The Sweat Shop
Three Presidents Claimed to be Progressives
William Howard Taft
New York: Tenement House Law
Maryland: Workmen’s Compensation Law
Wisconsin: Direct Primary Law
Oregon: Initiative and Referendum
Women’s Labor Law
Virginia: Newlands Act
Morgan/J.P. Morgan Finance
Ida B. Wells/Lynching
Ida Tarbell/Standard Oil
Nellie Bly/Insane Asylums
Benjamin Franklin Norris—
The Octopus—monopolies and their affects on society
The Bitter Cry of Children—
meat packing and immigrant labor in Chicago
Hull House founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Starr Gates near UIC as a settlement house for “new immigrants” mainly Greeks and Italians.
Services: kindergarten, English classes, nutrition, housekeeping, hygiene, recreation, lending library, shelter from domestic violence.
Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir
Not all appreciated Muir
Frances Willard—Evanston, Women’s Christian Temperance League
Carrie Nation—Anti-Saloon League, smashes up bars with her hatchet
Lincoln, Garfield, and now McKinley, died for your sins (slavery, trusts, imperialism)
Guilt by association…lie down with dogs and wake up with fleas…you are known by the company you keep….