personality Unit 5 Lesson 1
Objectives: • Define personality. • Identify function of personality theory. • Examine different assessments of personality.
Warm Up: • FOCUS ON ME • My most valuable asset… • My biggest blind spot… • Reasons others might not like me… • My greatest regret… • Event I’m most proud of… • What we value in ourselves and others • Others see, we may not…hot buttons • Something we want to change • Do it or let it go • Come back to when unsure of self
Personality • What is personality? • What do personality psychologists do? • Individual’s unique patterns for thinking, feeling, and behaving. • Describe & explain how personalities dvp and why personalities exist.
Origins • Ancient Greeks • Humors • Body Fluids = Personality Type • Sanguine • Cheerful & Passionate • Phlegmatic • Dull & Unemotional • Melancholic • Unhappy & Depressed • Choleric • Angry & Hot-tempered Clockwise Top Left: Melancholic, Choleric, Phlegmatic, Sanguine (13th c Images)
Origins • Phrenology • Franz Gall • Bumps on head indicate skills and personality. • FAD! Phrenology parlors, exercises, test for employment, marriages • Influenced care for mentally ill
Assessing Personality • Uses: • Diagnose disorders • Counsel people about day-to-day problems • Select personnel • Conduct research • Methods must be • Reliable (same results) • Valid (measure what’s intended)
Assessing Personality • Objective or Self-Report Tests • MMPI-2 • 567 ?s, T/F/Can’t say • Used to diagnose disorders • The 16PF • Measures 16 basic dimensions of personality • The NEO Inventory • Measure Big 5 Traits: OCEAN
Assessing Personality • Projective Techniques – individual interpretation of ambiguous material • Rorschach – inkblots • Traits and Stress • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) • Story-telling • Themes : concerns, needs, conflicts, desires
Sample Projective Test – Draw a picture in each box, incorporating the given dots, lines, or half circles, etc. Your pictures may be either realistic or abstract (recognizable sketches or simply abstract doodles). Make sure to incorporate what's given to you for each square.
Activity – Design a Personality Test • Step 1 – Brainstorm List of Personality Traits / Characteristics • Narrow list to 8 terms you feel are the major components of personality. (Eliminate lesser, combine similar) • Ex Leadership • Write 2 statements for each trait (can be answered True/False). • When I join clubs, I like to run for officer position. • People usually seek my opinion when they’re having problems.
Closure • What’s the difference between an objective and projective personality test? • Self-reported answers to standardized questions • Open-ended responses to ambiguous stimuli