Motivation and work
Download
1 / 16

MOTIVATION AND WORK - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 73 Views
  • Uploaded on

MOTIVATION AND WORK. MOTIVATION. A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal. Nature (the physiological) Nurture (the cognitive and cultural) Example of Aron Ralston’s motivation to live. Hiking accident in 2003. FOUR PERSPECTIVES.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'MOTIVATION AND WORK' - lis


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Motivation
MOTIVATION

  • A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal.

  • Nature (the physiological)

  • Nurture (the cognitive and cultural)

  • Example of Aron Ralston’s motivation

    to live. Hiking accident in 2003


Four perspectives
FOUR PERSPECTIVES

  • Instinct theory (replaced by evolutionary perspective)

  • Drive-reduction theory-interaction between inner pushes and external pulls. Drives usually distinguished from motives. Drive-strong biological

    component-hunger, thirst in contrast

    to motives that are urges which are

    mainly learned.


Motivation and work

  • Physiological aim of drive-reduction is homeostasis.

  • Arousal theory-urge for optimum level of stimulation. Both high and low levels of arousal tend to lower

    performance. Moderate arousal usually results in best performance.

    Inverted U function.

  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs- ranking of needs- if lower need is unsatisfied,

    there is motivation to first satisfy that

    need first before seeking to satisfy other needs.


Physiology of hunger
Physiology of Hunger

Lateral hypothalmus

hunger triggering hormone orexin

Ventromedial hypo-

thalamus depresses

hunger

When blood glucose

levels drop-hunger

increases

GHRELIN –hormone

arousing hunger

secreted by empty

stomach

Leptin –hunger

suppressing protein

secreted by fat cells

PYY-digestive

hormone all suppresses

hunger.

Insulin secreted

by pancreas

controls

blood glucose


Psychology of hunger
Psychology of Hunger

  • Taste preferences-


Motivation and work

  • Hot cultures like hot spices

    India –averages 10 spices/meal

    Finland-2 spices/meal

    Food aversions during pregnancy

    peak about 10 week when embryo

    most vulnerable to toxins.


Social influences on motivation
Social influences on motivation

  • NEED TO BELONG

    Boosted ancestors’ survival rate.

    Influences our thoughts and emotions.

    “What makes your life meaningful?”

    May conform to avoid rejection

    May remain in abusive relationship

    Motivated to avoid ostracism


Motivation at work
Motivation at Work

  • Industrial/organization (I/O) psychology

    Human factors (engineering) psychology

    Personnel psychology

    Organizational psychology


Personnel psychology
Personnel psychology

  • Interview illusion

  • Structured interviews

  • Unstructured interviews

  • Performance appraisal vulnerable to bias:

    Halo errors

    Leniency and severity errors

    Recency errors


Organizational psychology
Organizational psychology

  • How to maximize achievement

    motivation

    Self-discipline appears to be a more accurate predictor of school performance, attendance, and graduation honors than intelligence.

    Example: B.F. Skinner


Motivation and work

  • Satisfaction and engagement

    Positive moods contribute to creativity, persistence, and helpfulness.

  • Engaged employees(working with passion and feeling a connection to company) result in less turnover, higher productivity, greater profits.

  • Larry Brown (Detroit Pistons) 4-5 positive comments to every 1 negative comment


Leadership
Leadership

  • Task leadership-setting standards,

  • organizing work

  • Social leadership-mediating conflicts and building high achieving teams

  • Harley-Davidson CEO changed leadership from command and control to joint-vision process