MOTIVATION AND WORK. MOTIVATION. A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal. Nature (the physiological) Nurture (the cognitive and cultural) Example of Aron Ralston’s motivation to live. Hiking accident in 2003. FOUR PERSPECTIVES.
to live. Hiking accident in 2003
component-hunger, thirst in contrast
to motives that are urges which are
performance. Moderate arousal usually results in best performance.
Inverted U function.
there is motivation to first satisfy that
need first before seeking to satisfy other needs.
hunger triggering hormone orexin
When blood glucose
secreted by empty
secreted by fat cells
hormone all suppresses
India –averages 10 spices/meal
Food aversions during pregnancy
peak about 10 week when embryo
most vulnerable to toxins.
Boosted ancestors’ survival rate.
Influences our thoughts and emotions.
“What makes your life meaningful?”
May conform to avoid rejection
May remain in abusive relationship
Motivated to avoid ostracism
Human factors (engineering) psychology
Leniency and severity errors
Self-discipline appears to be a more accurate predictor of school performance, attendance, and graduation honors than intelligence.
Example: B.F. Skinner
Positive moods contribute to creativity, persistence, and helpfulness.