Religion society 1630 1670
Download
1 / 11

Religion & Society 1630-1670 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

Religion & Society 1630-1670. Puritans created representative political institutions that were locally based. Puritans eliminated bishops and devised a democratic church structure. This was influenced by John Calvin; they believed in predestination.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Religion & Society 1630-1670' - lirit


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Religion society 1630 1670

  • Puritans created representative political institutions that were locally based.

  • Puritans eliminated bishops and devised a democratic church structure. This was influenced by John Calvin; they believed in predestination.

  • Puritans also felt that they had to “purge” society of religious dissidents


Roger williams
Roger Williams were locally based.

  • Williams and his followers founded settlements in Rhode Island, where there was no legally established church.

For more about Roger Williams, visit

http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/H/1994/ch1_p7.htm


Anne hutchinson
Anne Hutchinson were locally based.

  • Considered a heretic because her beliefs diminished the role of Puritan ministers; Puritans believed that when it came to governance, women were inferior to men.

  • Hutchinson was exiled and followed Roger Williams to Rhode Island (see text pgs.58-59)


Thomas hooker
Thomas Hooker were locally based.

  • Left Massachusetts and founded Hartford, Connecticut in 1639

  • Connecticut established a representative government including a representative assembly and governor; voting was not limited to church members.


In england
In England were locally based.

  • Religious civil war between royalists and Parliamentary forces.

  • After four years Parliamentary forces under Oliver Cromwell won a short lived victory over the monarchy

  • When the monarchy was restored, Puritans looked to create a permanent society in America.


Religion society 1630 1670

  • Oliver Cromwell was Lord Protector of England for much of the 1650s, ruling in place of the country's traditional monarchy. In the 1640s a civil war broke out between supporters of King Charles I (the Royalists) and of Parliament (the so-called Roundheads). Cromwell was a Roundhead military leader in a long series of civil war battles, which ended with Charles I imprisoned and finally beheaded in 1649. By 1653, Parliamentary squabbling led Cromwell to take control as head of state, in essence overseeing a military dictatorship. He eventually gained the king-like title of Lord Protector of the Realm, and presided over a troubled era of internal unrest and costly foreign wars.


Yeoman society
Yeoman society the 1650s, ruling in place of the country's traditional monarchy. In the 1640s a civil war broke out between supporters of King Charles I (the Royalists) and of Parliament (the so-called Roundheads). Cromwell was a Roundhead military leader in a long series of civil war battles, which ended with Charles I imprisoned and finally beheaded in 1649. By 1653, Parliamentary squabbling led Cromwell to take control as head of state, in essence overseeing a military dictatorship. He eventually gained the king-like title of Lord Protector of the Realm, and presided over a troubled era of internal unrest and costly foreign wars.

  • Puritans instituted a fee simple land distribution policy that encouraged self governance. All land owners had a voice in town meetings; They had more political power than Europeans or Chesapeake colonists.


Religion society 1630 1670

  • Puritans believed in social and economic hierarchy the 1650s, ruling in place of the country's traditional monarchy. In the 1640s a civil war broke out between supporters of King Charles I (the Royalists) and of Parliament (the so-called Roundheads). Cromwell was a Roundhead military leader in a long series of civil war battles, which ended with Charles I imprisoned and finally beheaded in 1649. By 1653, Parliamentary squabbling led Cromwell to take control as head of state, in essence overseeing a military dictatorship. He eventually gained the king-like title of Lord Protector of the Realm, and presided over a troubled era of internal unrest and costly foreign wars.

  • All male heads of families received some land and a society of yeomen farmers emerged.

Yeomen-

In medieval England, a farmer below the level

Of gentry, but above the peasantry. Owning

their own land released them from obligation

To a landlord


Religion society 1630 1670


Questions to answer
Questions to Answer ordinances, promoting local control.

  • 1) What factors account for the success of the Puritans in establishing an ordered society in New England?

  • 2) Given their distinct English subcultures, did Virginians and Puritans tend to treat Native Americans differently? If so, how?