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African Culture . Objective: To examine and discuss aspects of African customs, beliefs, and traditions. . African Religion: . Religion helped unite African society Oral tradition and myths are used to teach morals

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african culture

African Culture

Objective: To examine and discuss aspects of African customs, beliefs, and traditions.

african religion
African Religion:
  • Religion helped unite African society
  • Oral tradition and myths are used to teach morals
  • Dancing, singing, & music all are part of religious celebrations in African culture
african religion1
African Religion
  • Wide range of languages, societies, beliefs & culture
  • Early Africans were monotheistic
  • Recognition of Superior Creator God (male God set world in motion/ order)
  • This Creator God intervenes in human affairs
  • All-knowing, all-powerful and omnipotent
  • Africans do recognize lesser Gods

Bumba:Creator god of the Boshongo of Zaire, who vomited up the sun, earth, and all living creatures including man.

ancestor worship
Ancestor Worship:
  • Many African believe their ancestors can help/ hurt them
  • Ancestors honored through prayers
  • Clan leader responsible for ritual
  • Direct connection between living and dead
  • Ex. The Baganda people of East Africa believe every object on Earth has a living spirit (because Supreme Being created everything)
  • They apologize to animal if hunting asking forgiveness
slide6

African Religion: Animistic Beliefs

  • Lesser Gods associated with Sun, wind, rain, trees, rivers & other nature
  • These Gods can bring harm/ benefit to Humans
  • Souls of the departed can intervene in descendants lives
  • African ritual:
    • Prayers, animal sacrifice, ceremonies
    • Honor deities, spirits, or ancestors
african diviners
African “Diviners”
  • Individuals who have an ability or by special training can mediate between humanity and supernatural beings
african diviners1
African “Diviners”
  • Illness, crop failures, natural disasters→ consult with them
  • Diviners then consult with oracles (identify causes of trouble)
  • Diviners then prescribe medicine ritual or sacrifice to eliminate the problem
african influence on religion
African Influence on Religion:

Christianity:

Islam:

Strong appeal to ruling elites and merchant class-basis for business relationships

Like Christianity, Islam in sub-Saharan Africa reflect interests of local converts (East & West Africa)

Measures against evil spirits & continue rituals to please Gods/ Goddesses

  • 4th c. Kingdom of Axum
  • Missionaries visit Axum- kings convert
  • With expansion of Islam -isolated island of Christian kingdom in Ethiopia
  • Follow basic Christian beliefs & reflect African beliefs as well
    • Evil spirits- protection
sources
Sources:
  • Google Images
  • United Streaming: Discovery Education