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How did Magna Carta influence American leaders when they were considering the structure of their government?

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How did Magna Carta influence American leaders when they were considering the structure of their government? It showed that it was important to limit the power of government. How did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 affect education in the Northwest Territory?

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

How did Magna Carta influence American leaders when they were considering the structure of their government?

    • It showed that it was important to limit the power of government.
slide2

How did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 affect education in the Northwest Territory?

    • It made education a basic right by providing public education for all citizens.
slide3
What was the significance of the changes that the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 made to slavery?

-it established a standard for slavery in future territories of the U.S.

slide4

Under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 a territory could apply to become a state when it had…?

    • 60,000 settlers and a drafted constitution.
slide5

What was the purpose of the Land Ordinance of 1785?

    • To set up a system for surveying and dividing territory.
slide6

What was the reason why congress decided to pass the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?

    • Congress had to decided what to do with western lands under its control.
slide7

How were the western lands divided by the Land Ordinance of 1785?

    • The land was split into Townships and then each township was divided into a smaller lot.
slide8
How did the Declaration of Independence influence the Articles of Confederation?

- The Declaration of Independence condemned the power of the British King over the Colonies which was reflected in the limited government in the Articles of Confederation.

slide9

What was the significance of the Articles of Confederation?

    • They established the first national government of the U.S.
slide10
What was the main cause that triggered Shays rebellion?

-The Massachusetts policy that forced farmers to pay taxes on land.

slide11

Following Shays Rebellion most Americans called for establishing…?

    • A stronger central government.
slide12

What was the significance of Shays Rebellion?

    • It showed Americans the weaknesses of the confederation government.
slide13

How did the Articles of Confederation make it hard for congress to protect its land and citizens from foreign threats?

    • There was no army and the Articles did not allow congress to force states to provide soldiers for an army.
slide14

How did the Articles of Confederation contribute to the economic problems of the united states in the late 1700s?

    • The Articles gave congress little to pass or enforce nationwide tariffs and laws which ultimately led to increased U.S. debt.
slide15

Why were the Articles of Confederation ineffective in resolving internal conflicts that existed in the United States?

    • The Articles created a weak central government that had little to no control over the individual state governments.
slide16

How did the Articles of Confederation fail to implement the ideas set forth in the Declaration of independence?

    • They failed to protect the ideals of individual liberties.
slide17
summarize the trade relationship between Britain and the U.S. in the late 1700s?

- Britain placed high tariffs on imports and exports forcing Americans to pay higher prices for goods.

slide18
In 1784 Spain closed which important trade route to the U.S. that was used to transport goods to Eastern markets?

- The lower Mississippi.

slide19

What change to the structure of government did the Virginia plan suggest?

    • Giving the federal government supreme power in dividing the government into three branches.
slide20

How did the great compromise resolve the debate over the state representation in the federal government?

    • It created a bicameral legislature, where in one house the state population decided the numbers of representatives and the other house was equal.
slide21
In what way did the Northerners and Southerners disagree about the issue of slavery at the Constitutional Convention?

- Southerners wanted slaves to be counted as part of their population.

slide22
How did the delegates resolve the debate over how slaves should be factored into population at the Constitutional Convention?

- They reached a compromise that counted the slave as three-fifths of a person vote.