slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The “Roaring Twenties” PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The “Roaring Twenties”

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 50

The “Roaring Twenties” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 127 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Post War Years. The “Roaring Twenties”. The Great Depression. Post war Problems:. Germany - 1. Unhappy w/ Treaty of Versailles 2. Major Inflation of German $$$ 3. Dawes Plan - reduced reparations & provided $200 million loan The United States -

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The “Roaring Twenties”' - lilly


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Post War Years

The “Roaring Twenties”

The Great Depression

slide2

Post war Problems:

  • Germany-

1. Unhappy w/ Treaty of Versailles

2. Major Inflation of German $$$

3. Dawes Plan- reduced reparations & provided $200 million loan

  • The United States-

1. Failed to join League of Nations

  • France-

1. Wanted strict enforcement of Treaty

2. Occupied Ruhr Valley for $$$

slide3

German Inflation

  • Owed $33 Billion
  • Only made 1 payment in 1921
  • Workers strike
  • German Mark loses value:
    • 1914 - 4.2 marks = $1 U.S.
    • 1923 - 130 billion marks = $1 U.S.
    • 1924 - 4.2 trillion marks = $1 U.S.
slide4

The Treaty of Locarno

  • 1925
  • “New Era of Peace”
  • Guaranteed German borders w/ France & Belgium

1926 Germany joins League of Nations

Kellogg-Brand Pact

  • 1928
  • Signed by 63 Nations
  • Agreement to renounce War
slide5

The Depression

A period of low economic activity & rising unemployment

Two Factors:

Overproduction & Economic downturn in mid 1920’s

International Financial Crisis including U.S. Stock Market Crash of 1929

Crisis Spreads

Caused people to pull $$ from U.S. Banks, then International Banks

slide8

Response to Depression

  • 1932 - Worst year of the Depression
  • 1/4 of British Unemployed
  • 40% of Germans Unemployed
  • Increased Govt. activity in Economy

Lowered wages & raised tariffs - made it worse!!!

  • Renewed Marxist Ideas
  • Increased rise of dictators
slide9

Germany

  • Weimar Republic created 1918
  • Paul von Hindenburg - President
  • 1930 Depression sets in
    • 4.38 million unemployed
  • Inflation rises
slide11

France

New European SUPERPOWER!

  • Needs to Rebuild
  • 1932 Depression hits
    • Form 6 cabinets in 19 months
  • 1936Popular Front Govt. forms
    • French “New Deal” -based on U.S.
      • “Collective Bargaining”
      • 40 hour work week
      • Vacation time
      • Minimum wage
  • 1938 Low confidence in French Government
slide12

Great Britain

  • Lost industries to U.S. & Japan
    • Coal, Steel, & Textiles
  • 1921 - 2 Million Britons Unemployed
  • John Maynard Keynes - British Economist
    • Encouraged deficit spending
slide13

The United States

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1920’s - “Roaring Twenties”

  • October 29, 1929 “Black Tuesday”
    • Stock Market Crashes
  • 1933 - 12 million Unemployed
  • 1932 - F.D.R. Elected President
    • “New Deal”
      • WPA employed 3 million Americans
      • 1935 Social Security Act
slide14

New Deal Programs

  • TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority
  • CWA - Civil Works Administration
  • FEMA - Federal Emergency Relief Administration
  • NYA - National Youth Administration
  • NIRA - National Industrial Recovery Act
  • SEC - Securities and Exchange Commission
  • Emergency Banking Act
  • FERA - Federal Emergency Relief Administration
  • CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps
  • PWA - Public Works Administration
  • WPA - Works Progress Administration
  • RA - Resettlement Administration
  • FSA - Farm Security Administration
  • NRA - National Recovery Association
  • AAA - Agricultural Adjustment Act
  • FDIC - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • REA- Rural Electrification Administration
slide16

The Rise of Dictators

  • Totalitarian State- Government which aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual & cultural lives of its citizens.
    • single leader & single party
    • mass propaganda & communication
    • Reject limited govt. & individual freedoms

Germany

Russia

Italy

Spain

slide17

Italy

Ruled by King Victor Emmanuel III

  • Economic Problems:
    • Inflation, Industrial & Agricultural strikes
  • Fear of a Socialist Revolution
  • Fascism- the State is above all & controls the people
  • Benito Mussolini- First Fascist leader in Europe
    • “Il Duce” or “The Leader”
    • 1922- becomes PM of Italy
slide18

Pope Pius XI

  • 1929- Lateran Accords
    • Vatican City Independent
    • Catholicism official “Religion of State”
    • $$ given to support Fascism
slide19

Fascist Italy

  • “Blackshirts” armed fascists
  • OVRA- secret police group
  • Propaganda
  • Youth Groups
  • Family centered
slide20

The Soviet Union

  • War Communism begins to fail
  • 1921 Lenin creates New Economic Policy (NEP)
    • Small business - private ownership
    • Large Industry- govt. controlled
  • 1922 U.S.S.R. Created
  • 1924 Lenin dies

Lenin Moseleum

slide21

Joseph Stalin

  • General Secretary of Communists
  • Rival of Leon Trotsky - Commissar of War
  • Politburo- Policy making body
  • Stalin appoints officials loyal to him
  • Overpowers the Politburo & creates a powerful dictatorship

Joseph Stalin

Leon Trotsky

slide22

Stalin’s Programs

  • 5 Year Plans:
    • Switch from Agriculture to Industy
    • Replaced (NEP)
  • Collectivization- Govt. owns ALL land

The Results:

  • 10 Million+ die of famine
  • 8 Million+purged from Govt. & Military
  • Forced Labor Camps in Siberia
  • Reversed social legislation of 1920’s
slide24

Spain

  • Democracy fails
  • 1936 Civil War begins
  • Germany & Italy support fascists
  • 1939 Gen. Franco captures Madrid
  • Authoritarian dictatorship favoring upper class

1937 Guernica by Pablo Picasso

General Francisco Franco

slide25

Adolf Hitler

  • Born April 20, 1889 in Austria
  • Art School failure
  • Served 4 years on front lines of WWI
  • 1919 joined German Workers Party
  • 1921 renamed National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) or Nazi Party
  • 1923 Beer Hall Putsch - Hitler jailed
  • Mein Kampf- Hitler’s anti-semitic views and plan for a superior nation

SA- “Brownshirts”

slide26

Nazism

  • 1929 - 800,000 Nazi members
  • Reichstag - German Parliament
  • 1932 - Largest Party in Reichstag

Economic Struggles

  • 1932 - 6 million unemployed
  • Extremists more attractive
  • Hitler promised a New Germany

1933-Reichstag Fire

slide27

The Nazi State 1933-1939

  • 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor
  • 1933Enabling Act- Power to ignore constitution for 4 years
    • ALL institutions under Nazi control
    • ALL Jews removed from Civil Service
    • Trade Unions dissolved
    • Political Parties abolished
    • Concentration Camps set up
  • 1934President Hindenburg dies
    • Hitler now Dictator AKA “Fuhrer”
slide30

Aryan - Indo-European Language

    • NOT Ancient Greek, Roman, or “Master” Race
  • Hitler wanted to create the 3rd Reich
  • Heirich Himmler- leader of SS
  • Schutzstaffeln- “SS” used terror & ideology

Nuremberg Rally

slide32

Nazi Policies

  • 1935 - Nuremburg Laws: Excluded Jews from citizenship & forbid marriage between Germans & Jews
  • 1938 - Nov. 9 Kristallnacht “Night of shattered Glass”
    • 7,000 Jewish synagogues & business destroyed
    • 30,000 Jewish males arrested
  • 1941 - Jews required to wear yellow Stars of David & ID cards
  • Jews barred from public buildings
  • Jews encouraged to “emigrate from Germany”
slide33

Radio and Movies

Leni Riefenstahl

  • 1920 Radio Broadcasting expands
  • New form of communication:
    • Entertainment
    • News
    • Advertising

Joseph Goebbels

  • 1939 - 40% adults attend movies weekly
  • 1934 - “The Triumph of the Will” Nazi Propaganda Film

Joseph Goebbels- Nazi Propaganda Minister

slide34

Art & Literature

Photomontage by Hannah Hoch

  • Dark & Abstract Art becomes popular
  • Dada Movement- “life has no purpose”
  • Surrealism- “world of the unconscious”
  • Slavador Dali- Spanish Surreal Artist
  • Germany thought they could create new & genuine art
slide35

Literature

  • 1922- James Joyce writes Ulysses
    • Inner thoughts of ordinary people of Dublin
  • 1920’s- Hermann Hesse - German
    • WritesSiddhartha & Steppenwolf
    • Confusion of modern existence
    • Wins Nobel Prize in 1946