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Modern Egyptian History. Kingdom of Egypt. British Rule British gained control of Egypt in the 1800’s After violent demonstrations High Commissioner Lord Allenby declared Egypt an independent Kingdom of Egypt on Feb 28 th , 1922 Kings of Egypt King Faud ruled from 1922-1936 when he died

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kingdom of egypt
Kingdom of Egypt

British Rule

British gained control of Egypt in the 1800’s

After violent demonstrations High Commissioner Lord Allenby declared Egypt an independent Kingdom of Egypt on Feb 28th, 1922

Kings of Egypt

King Faud ruled from 1922-1936 when he died

His son Farouk became king at the age of sixteen when his father died

During WWII the Allied Forces used Egypt as a base of operations in the African campaigns and in the Middle East

republic of egypt
Republic of Egypt

Revolution of 1952

Group of army officers overthrew King Farouk

Led by Muhammad Naguib and Gen. Abdel Nasser

In 1953, after a trial of civilian rule, the Free Officers created the 1953 constitution and declared Egypt a republic

republic of egypt1
Republic of Egypt

Nasser’s Rule (1956-1970)

General Abdel Nasser became the President in 1956

Nasser kept Egypt neutral during the Cold War but eventually sided with the Soviets

While building the Aswan High Dam in 1956 Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal

The US and World Bank were supposed to help fund the dam but pulled out all funding

Nasser died in 1970 and the presidency was take over by Anwar Sadat

republic of egypt2
Republic of Egypt

Sadat’s Rule (1970-1981)

Anwar Sadat reversed many of the policies and principals of Nasserism

Broke ties with the Soviets and allied with the US

Initiated peace with Israel

Abandoned Socialism and moved toward Democracy

Camp David Accords

In 1979 the accords led to the Egypt Israel Peace Treaty

Sadat was assassinated in 1981 by an Islamist Jihad cell

republic of egypt3
Republic of Egypt

Mubarek’s Rule

After Sadat’s assassination his Vice President Hosni Mubarek inherited the presidency of Egypt

During the 1990’s Mubarak’s Economic reforms brought great success to Egypt

Started to have opposition from groups unhappy with his ascension to power

The main opposition was the Muslim Brotherhood

In Feb 2011 Mubarak resigned and fled Cairo

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