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Inspection Techniques

Inspection Techniques

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Inspection Techniques

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  1. Inspection Techniques

  2. ISO/IEC 17020:2012 Conformity assessment Requirements for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection • ISO/IEC 17020:2012 specifies requirements for the competence of bodies performing inspection and for the impartiality and consistency of their inspection activities.

  3. Inspection • Look at something closely, typically to assess  their condition or to discover any shortcomings

  4. Objectives • To discuss the process of conducting an inspection • To review a number of inspection techniques • To discuss issues you may encounter when performing an inspection

  5. Inspection Timetable • Orientation tour • Fact finding and assessment • Review progress against audit plan • Revised activity • Final review/recommendations • Exit review with management/closing meeting • Report with time frame

  6. Remember that an Inspection…. • Is a systematic approach • Involves interpersonal skills • Identifies deficiencies • Looks at what went wrong • Requires participation from both parties

  7. The Inspection -Good Listening • Stop talking! • Help the speaker to feel free to talk • Be approachable • Show the speaker that you are interested • Remove interference (disturbance) • Try to understand the speaker’s point of view • Be patient • Hold your temper • Try not to criticize • Ask questions • Stop, look and listen

  8. The Inspection– Taking Notes • Detail and facts — trust, but verify • Specifics not generalizations • Record detail as seen • Ensure accuracy • Be open

  9. The Inspection – Making Records • Persons interviewed • Document numbers • Equipment numbers • Item identification • Selection of document recipients • Condition of environment • Changes to facilities, equipment, etc. • Layout of area • Any non-conformities

  10. The Inspection – Method of Records • Checklists • Flowcharts/process charts • Highlights • Short notes for the report (reminders) • Voice recorder • Video camera • Camera

  11. The Inspection - Checklist • Structured • Detailed • Standard for all full inspections

  12. The Inspection- Exit Meeting • Communicate observations • Inform management of findings • No surprises in report Exit Meeting Attendees • The inspectors • Senior management representative • Inspected managers and supervisors • Other interested parties

  13. The Inspection - Running the Meeting • Inspectors must lead • Concise presentation • Discussion • Mention good points before deficiencies • Treat challenges politely • Discuss and resolve conflicts • Admit if wrong

  14. The Inspection-Writing the Inspection Report • Each team member writes own part • Team leader has overall responsibility • Signed by all team members • Approval from supervisor • To company within 4 weeks or less

  15. The Inspection-Report Contents • Part 1. General information on company • Part 2. Description of the inspection • Part 3. Observations • Part 4. Conclusion and recommendation • Annexes

  16. Checklist Categories • Building Safety • Office Safety • Fire Safety • Electrical Safety • Emergency Equipment • Storage Methods

  17. Checklist

  18. Checklist • General Register • Machine Guarding • High Risk Machinery • PPE • Chemicals • Fire Safety • Electrical safety • Working Environment • Health & Welfare

  19. More of What to Look for… • Equipment operation and maintenance practices • Unsafe conditions (12 % --- 20 % ) • Unsafe acts (practices) ( 88% - 80% )

  20. Existing Legislation Factories Ordinance No: 45 of 1942 Factories Ordinance was effective from 1st Jan. 1950 www. labourdept.gov.lk www.safetysrilanka.webs.com

  21. Factories OrdinanceNo 45 of 1942 Factory – Product or Service Place Purpose of Gain( for Trade ) Paid Workers Employer has the right of Access

  22. SPECIAL PLACES • CONSRUCTION SITES • POWER HOUSES • DOCK YARDS • RAILWAY • PRINTING PLACES • SLAUGHTERING PLACES

  23. Industrial Accidents Reported by Form 10 & CFIE-1 to District Factory Inspecting Engineer Fine- Rs: 5000/= & Coupled with sec.111 Fines up to 100,000/= and benefit to victim or dependent(in case of fatal Reportable under section 61 of Factories Ordinance Causes loss of life to a person employed Disables any employed person for more than three days Makes any employed person unconscious as a result of heat exhaustion, electric shock or inhalation of poisonous fumes or gases.

  24. Dangerous OccurrencesRegulation 1965 Fire Explosions , Ignition of Vapour, Gas Electrical explosions / Short circuit Collapse or Failure of Crane ,Winch, Hoist or other lifting device Inform to DFIE using Form 12 within 3 days

  25. Industrial Diseasesregulation 1972 Toxic Anaemia, Toxic jaundice Chrome ulceration Compressed air illness Silicosis, Asbestosis , Poisoning by Anilene, Benzene, Carbon disulfide ,Cadmium, Manganese, Pesticide Weedicide etc Inform to CFIE using form 13

  26. MachineryPrime Movers Transmission Machinery Other Machinery

  27. Pressure Vesselsby an Authorised officer Boilers - every 12 months Steam Receivers - every 24 months Air Receivers - every 24 months Gas Receivers - every 12 months

  28. Maintenance - section 20 Provided that this section shall only apply where the examination,lubrication or other operation is carried out by such persons, being male persons who have attained the age of eighteen, as may be specified in regulations made by the Minister, and all such other conditions as may be so specified are complied with. A woman or young person shall not clean any part of a prime mover or of any transmission machinery while the prime mover or transmission machinery is in motion, and shall not clean any part of any machine if the cleaning thereof would expose the woman or young person to risk of injury from any moving part either of that machine or of any adjacent machinery. Section 25

  29. Working Environment • Noise Level - 85 dBA for 8 hours • Light Level • Heat Level - WBGT index • Oxygen deficiency • Chemicals - MSDS

  30. Oxygen Deficiency 23% - Oxygen enriched atmosphere 21% - Normal Atmosphere 19.5 %Minimum acceptable oxygen level. 15 – 19 %Decreased ability to work strenuously. Impair coordination. 12 -14 %Respiration increases. Poor judgment. 10 - 12 %Respiration increases. Lips blue. 8 - 10 %Mental failure. Fainting. Nausea Unconsciousness. Vomiting 6 - 8 % 8 minutes - fatal, 6 minutes - 50% fatal 4-5 minutes - possible recovery. 4 - 6 %Coma in 40 seconds. Death

  31. Use of PPE Personal Protective Equipment

  32. Thank You Eng. A.W.Alahakoon Specialist Factory Inspecting Engineer Industrial safety Division Department of Labour Colombo 05 awalahakoon @ gmail.com 94714243160 @ yandex.com

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