Power and Influence: Strategies for Leaders Developing Effective Leaders
What Is Power? • The capacity to produce effects on others. • A resource to influence others, induce compliance. • The potential to influence others. • The energy that gets things done.
Objectives • Understand the idea of power as it pertains to community leadership development. • Learn the seven bases of power. • Recognize your own use of power to reach personal or community goals. • Seek out and learn more about power and its place in personal and public decision making.
Elements of Power • The way we use power determines whether it is good or bad. • It is allowed to exist. • “Balance of power” describes the power relationship.
Two Essentials of Power • Resources, such as money or skills • Motivation
The 7 Power Bases • At least seven forms or bases of power • Coercive • Legitimate or Positional • Expert • Reward • Referent • Informational • Connection
Coercive Power • Based on fear.
Legitimate Power • Based on position.
Expert Power • Based on one’s skill and knowledge.
Reward Power • Based on rewards, such as pay, promotion, or recognition.
Referent Power • Based on personal traits.
Informational Power • Based on access to information.
Connection Power • Based on links with important people.
Is there a best type? • Successful leaders use a variety or even all of them.
Power Systems • Formal • Easy to recognize and use. • Informal • Less obvious, but just as real. • Those not in charge influence those who are in charge.
Conclusions • Your relationships reflect a balance of the seven power bases. • We all have something to give as well as to receive from others. • You possess each of the seven power bases to some extent. • Use them positively to help achieve goals for your community.