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Pratt Institute Performance Management Process Manager’s Guide. Annual Performance Period: June 1, 2011 – May 31, 2012. Due: June 30 th , 2012. Agenda. Page(s) Agenda 2 Why do Appraisals 3 Shared Process 4 Timeline 5 Plan and Prepare 6

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pratt institute performance management process manager s guide

Pratt InstitutePerformance Management Process

Manager’s Guide

Annual Performance Period:

June 1, 2011 – May 31, 2012

Due: June 30th, 2012



  • Agenda 2
  • Why do Appraisals 3
  • Shared Process 4
  • Timeline 5
  • Plan and Prepare 6
  • WingSpan Overview 7
  • WingSpan Login 8
  • WingSpan Appraisal Process 9
  • Rating Tendencies 10 - 11
  • Conducting the Appraisal Meeting 12-13
  • Pratt’s Strategic Plan for 2012-2017 14
  • Diagram – Goal Setting 15
  • Setting Goals 16
  • Sample Goals 17
  • Human Resources 18-19
  • Q & A 20
why do appraisals
Why do Appraisals
  • Appraisals serve several important purposes:
  • measuring employee performance and progress
  • providing an employee with constructive feedback
  • identifying goals and objectives for an employee
  • creating guidelines for improvement in areas that need further development
  • providing support for personnel actions (e.g. salary increase, promotion, etc.)
  • Supervisor
  • encourage optimal work performance of employees
  • align individual goals with Institute goals and objectives
  • identify any obstacles and methods to aid employee’s work performance
  • enhance employee/supervisor communication
  • discuss employee career development and note progress
  • Employee
  • help to see role in organization
  • opportunity to provide feedback to supervisor
  • identify strengths for possible advancement
  • receive direction on areas to develop

Shared Process

  • Appraisal review is a shared process
  • The employee and supervisor both contribute and share responsibility for completing their respective reviews, identifying potential goals and preparation for a constructive dialogue in the appraisal meeting.
  • It is important that employees participate fully, ask questions and make candid comments during the meeting and within the written performance review.
  • The purpose of the meeting is to promote increased communication and understanding between the employee and supervisor through discussion of the employee’s work performance and the joint planning of future goals.
  • supervisor drafts review while employee completes self-assessment
  • schedule appraisal meeting once supervisor review and self-assessment are done
  • discuss employee work performance and jointly identify future goals for employee at meeting
  • finalize appraisal and goals
  • secure next level approval if necessary
  • employee confirms on Wingspan that meeting was held and they are in receipt of appraisal
  • employee has the opportunity to comment on final rating
  • all steps of the process should be completed by June 30th
  • extensions may be granted if necessary
plan and prepare
Plan and Prepare
  • Gather pertinent reference material to use as illustrative examples, situations and documentation that support the appraisal and rating
  • job description
  • goals and objectives from prior year
  • previous performance reviews
  • communications: e-mails, correspondence to/from employee
  • documentation: meeting notes, employee reports, work samples, letters of commendation, awards, complaints, warnings, etc.
  • weigh feedback from colleagues, students, staff, clients, et al. familiar with employee’s work performance
wingspan overview
WingSpan Overview
  • Introduced in 2010
  • automated, integrated employee performance database
  • Advantages:
  • easier to manage
  • less time-consuming
  • reduces paper
  • ready access to performance review history and reports
  • allows tracking progress and identification of performance trends
  • single resource for performance data
wingspan login
WingSpan Login

1. click on link in e-mail mailed to

employees; or

3. type in address line …

2. log into: My.Pratt Website

Human Resources

Performance Review

WingSpan link; or

rating tendencies to avoid
Rating tendencies to avoid…
  • Recency Effect/Sampling Error
  • basing an entire review on just the last few months or a specific incident

It is a common tendency for supervisors to give too much weight to an employee’s recent work performance or a single notable issue since it is fresh in the supervisor’s mind and easier to recall. It is important to give a comprehensive and balanced review of the employee’s performance throughout the entire review period. It is helpful to keep track of your employees on a regular basis and keep a record of any projects they are working on. Keep notes, work samples, etc. for your employees throughout the year to chart their accomplishments and also note their progress.

  • Halo/Horns Effect
  • addressing only one particular performance area and generalizing it to the entire evaluation

It is crucial to give employees a fair and accurate assessment of all aspects of their work performance so they are aware of and can address their relative strengths and weaknesses. An employee may excel in one area but need improvement in another. Employees likely won’t develop their skills and abilities sufficiently if they are not given an accurate and full picture of how they are doing.

  • Leniency Bias
  • giving overly generous ratings

There can be a tendency for supervisors to give inflated performance ratings to employees, to avoid a difficult conversation with the employee and having to give constructive criticism. This dilutes the integrity of the appraisal and often leads to increased performance issues if employees aren’t counseled on what they need to work on. Performance reviews should include honest and straightforward feedback to the employee.

  • Strictness Bias
  • rating employees too harshly
  • Conversely some supervisors are too hard in evaluating employees. This can backfire by demoralizing employees who may feel their contributions are not fully recognized or appreciated. Although constructive criticism is important, the appraisal should also be balanced and acknowledge where the employee has done well.
rating tendencies to avoid continued
rating tendencies to avoid continued…
  • Central Tendency Bias
  • rating all employees as average or in the middle
  • Supervisors may try to avoid any controversy and play it safe by rating all employees in the middle and thus avoid having to give justification for ratings at either extreme. This robs the employee of a fair and honest evaluation and likely will alienate the best employees and absolve the struggling employee from having to improve their performance.
  • Comparing
  • evaluating employee in comparison to another employee
  • It can be tempting or convenient to consider an employee’s performance in comparison to another, presumably stellar, employee but it is likely to be demoralizing and leave the 1st employee feeling lesser than. It is important to evaluate the employee on his/her own merits based on a fair assessment of how he/she performed her job and met expectations, recognizing his/her unique attributes.
  • Mirroring
  • evaluating an employee based on the supervisor’s own qualities
  • Supervisors may, often subconsciously, place too much emphasis on their own perceived skills and abilities, and use that as a standard in evaluating employees. Again this creates a standard of performance to evaluate the employee that may not be relevant to the employee and deprives the employee of a fair assessment.
  • All of these tendencies are essentially shortcuts for a supervisor and interfere with employees receiving an honest and fair assessment of their work performance which ultimately harm the employee and Pratt.
conducting the appraisal meeting
Conducting the Appraisal Meeting
  • Scheduling the meeting
  • set aside sufficient time for full discussion
  • be considerate of the employee’s time as well as your own
  • avoid interruptions, cancellations, rescheduling
  • State the purpose and format of the appraisal meeting
  • focus on development of employee, non-punitive nature of performance review
  • Promote candid employee participation
  • privacy of meeting place, discretion
  • ask the employee for his/her own thoughts about areas of strength, employee development, potential goals, and any performance issues
  • avoid diagnosing any problems
  • use caution in discussing employee’s attitude or personality – focus on behaviors and facts
  • be non-judgmental
  • Respect the employee
  • create a comfortable, non-threatening environment
  • allow employee to give their opinion and disagree with your review
  • seek clarification if necessary
  • don’t interrupt
conducting the appraisal meeting cont d
Conducting the Appraisal Meeting (Cont’d)
  • Be prepared for negative employee responses
  • defensiveness, making excuses
  • anger, venting
  • silence, withdrawal
  • give the employee some leeway
  • be patient
  • maintain composure, avoid reacting or arguing
  • steer the focus back to employee’s work performance
  • remind employee of the purpose of the meeting
  • note that the employee is unresponsive and encourage respectful participation
  • remind employee of the value and importance of his or her input
  • ask the employee for possible solutions
pratt s strategic plan 2012 2017
Pratt’s Strategic Plan2012 - 2017
  • Pratt’s Strategic Plan for 2012 - 2017 was presented on May 1st, 2012 to the Pratt Community. There are 4 major organizing themes within the strategic plan:
    • Enriching the Academic Experience
    • Expanding Horizons
    • Creating Dynamic Environments
    • Building Capacity
  • The Institute’s strategic goals are organized under these 4 themes. Academic and administrative offices will use the Strategic Plan spreadsheet as a working document to develop annual tasks and to track their progress. Supervisors and employees can formulate employee performance goals from these tasks.
          • Theme
            • Goal
              • Objective
                • Task
                  • Employee Goal

Setting Goals

  • having 3-5 broad goals for the employee is appropriate
  • both supervisor and employee suggest goals
  • employee should be encouraged to suggest some of his/her own goals
  • setting goals should be mutual process between the employee and supervisor with frank discussion in the appraisal meeting
employee goals
Employee Goals

Samples: Human Resources Department

  • HR Director Goal: Create an annual staff evaluation system (from 2006-2011 Strategic Plan) and proceed with evaluations.
    • 2012: Revise Performance Evaluation system to address supervisor concerns and improve completion rate. Modify online performance review form and develop performance evaluation training program for supervisors.

This goal falls under a larger goal identified in the strategic planning process:

          • Increase the transparency of policies and procedures to clarify expectations and improve accountability and perception of departments.

2. HRIS Manager Goal: Selection and implementation of online time & attendance system (Kronos).

This goal falls under a larger goal identified in the strategic planning process:

          • Consolidate and automate business processes and functions to increase efficiency and improve customer service.
human resources
Human Resources

We are here to assist you and provide guidance regarding any issues that may arise including:

  • The appraisal meeting process or preparation
  • Rating pitfalls
  • Reviewing draft appraisals
  • Assistance in creating a performance improvement plan.
  • WingSpan – navigation, access, creating a productive performance management tool
  • Addressing employee issues before they become significant problems.


Performance Appraisal


Q & A