Direct Object Pronouns
Direct Object Pronouns
Direct Objects The direct object is the person, place or thing that directly receives the action of the verb. Bill hit the ball. “Ball” receives the action of the verb “hit.” Sherry reads the book. “Book” receives the action of the verb “reads.”
Para practicar en inglés Elena sang the song. Elena sang it. We ate the hamburgers. We ate them.
Direct Objects The direct object will only be represented once in a sentence. It will either be in the form of a noun OR the pronoun - never both. Paco is buying a book. Or Paco is buying it.
Placement • If it is the object of conjugated verb - then place it before the verb. ie… Marcos lo come • If it is the object of a verb infinitive - then attach it to the end of the infinitive. ie…Marta quiere comerlo
Para practiar en español Paco has a book in his backpack. Paco tiene un libro en su mochila. Paco has it in his backpack. Paco lo tiene en su mochila.
Para practiar en español Paco wants to eat lunch in the cafeteria. Paco quiere comer el almuerzo en la cafetería. Paco wants to eat it in the cafeteria. Paco lo quiere comer en la cafetería. OR Paco quiere comerlo en la cafetería.
Combination Pronouns IF more than one type of object pronoun is used in a sentence, then use the clue ID (CARD). to remember their placement order. I - indirect D - direct
Examples Paco is giving me a book. Paco me da un libro a mí. Paco is giving it to me. Paco me lo da a mí. *If a direct object noun is used in English, then a direct object noun will be used in Spanish. If a pronoun, then a pronoun.
Combination Pronouns IF both direct and indirect object pronouns are used AND both are 3rd person,THEN the indirect object pronoun (le or les) changes to SE. ie… Paco se lo da a ella.
Examples I am giving Paco a book. Yo le doy un libroa Paco. I am giving it to Paco Yo selo doy a Paco. *If both the indirect and direct object pronouns are used AND both are in the 3rd person, then the indirect LE or LES changes to SE.
Preguntas 1. Where do you place the direct object pronoun if it is the object of the conjugated verb? In front of the conjugated verb
Preguntas 2. Where do you place the direct object pronoun if it is the object an infinitive? Attach it to the end of the infinitive
Preguntas 3. If both direct and indirect object pronouns are used and both are 3rd person, then the indirect object pronoun changes to _______ SE