Image Segmentation by Histogram Thresholding. Venugopal Rajagopal CIS 581 Instructor: Longin Jan Latecki. Image Segmentation. Segmentation divides an image into its constituent regions or objects.
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Instructor: Longin Jan Latecki
if T1 < (x,y) <= T2,
to the other object class
if f(x,y) > T2
and to the background
if f(x,y) <= T1.
1)Select an initial estimate for T
2)Segment the image using T. This will produce two groups of pixels. G1 consisting of all pixels with gray level values >T and G2 consisting of pixels with values <=T.
3)Compute the average gray level values mean1 and mean2 for the pixels in regions G1 and G2.
4)Compute a new threshold value
5)Repeat steps 2 through 4 until difference in T in successive iterations is smaller than a predefined parameter T0.
1) Two Gray scale image having bimodal histogram structure.
2) Gray scale image having multi-modal histogram structure.
3) Colour image having bimodal histogram structure.
4) Colour image having multi-modal histogram structure.
Image of a Finger Print with light background
Image Histogram of finger print
Image after Segmentation
Image of rice with black background
Image histogram of rice
Image after segmentation
Original Image of lena
Histogram of lena
Image after segmentation – we get a outline of her face, hat, shadow etc
Colour Image having a bimodal histogram
Histograms for the three colour spaces
Segmented image – giving us the outline of her face, hand etc
Colour Image having multi-modal histogram
Image Histogram for the three colour spaces
Original Image, objective is to extract a line
Histogram giving us the six thresholds points, by plotting rows