IAFS 1000 Human Rights: The Pinochet Prosecutions. What are Human Rights (HR)?. Civil and political human rights Economic and social human rights. UN Role in Protecting Human Rights. 1945: UN Charter 1948: Universal Declaration of HR 1948: Convention on Genocide
The Pinochet Prosecutions
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
President Allende (elected 1970)
During 1973 Coup
October 16, 1970
All declassified documents from
National Security Archive
NSC Meeting on Chile:
Fears of a South American
(March 8, 1978)
• Annual HR report from State Dept
• Office of Human Rights in State Dept
• Sanctions possible for states that show “consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights”
• Vanik-Jackson Amendment
◦ linked trade policy to HR
◦ orig. aimed at USSR
◦ later debate over China’s Most Favored Nation trading status
• Red Cross
• Amnesty International
• Tension between norm of sovereignty and norm of human rights
• Universalist views of human rights vs cultural relativism
• April-June 1989 student protests in China
• June 4: People’s Liberation Army clears square
• Fighting leaves hundreds,
possibly thousands, dead
• Protest in the West
• Chinese government
values should not be
imposed on China
• Controversy fades,
trumped by trade