greek drama n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Greek Drama PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Greek Drama

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31

Greek Drama - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 140 Views
  • Uploaded on

Greek Drama. Drama was born in ancient Greece!. 600s B.C. - Greeks were giving choral performances of dancing and singing Performances at festivals honoring Dionysus Later they held drama contests to honor him. Thespis (534 B. C.). Defined theater art of acting a part on stage

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Greek Drama' - libitha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
drama was born in ancient greece
Drama was born in ancient Greece!
  • 600s B.C. - Greeks were giving choral performances of dancing and singing
  • Performances at festivals honoring Dionysus
  • Later they held drama

contests to honor him

thespis 534 b c
Thespis (534 B. C.)
  • Defined theater
    • art of acting a part on stage
    • dramatic impersonation of another character than yourself
  • Uncertain whether he was a playwright, an actor, or a priest
  • “Thespian” term comes from his name
description of greek theater
Description of Greek Theater
  • Took place in large hillside amphitheaters
    • held 20, 000 people!!
  • Players included a chorus and their leader
  • Lines were chanted
  • Chorus performed in an “orchestra”, not on a raised platform
greek theater continued
Greek Theater (continued)
  • Masks used to represent characters
  • High-soled boots worn to add height
  • Both of these limited movement
most important era 400s b c
Most Important Era (400s B.C.)
  • Tragedies performed as part of a civic celebration called the City Dionysia
  • Festival lasted several days
  • Prizes given for best tragedy, comedy, acting, and choral singing
theater of dionysus
Theater of Dionysus
  • Located on slope below the Acropolis in Athens
  • Seated 14,000
  • Circular acting area called orchestra
  • Skene (stage house)
greek tragedy
Greek Tragedy
  • Nearly all surviving tragedies are based on myth
  • Character’s struggle against hostile forces ended in defeat and ultimately in death
  • A series of dramatic episodes separated by choral odes (mini-songs).
  • Episodes performed by a few actors - never more than 3 on stage
greek drama continued
Greek Drama (continued)
  • Wore masks to indicate the nature of the characters played.
  • Men played women’s roles
  • Same actor appeared in several parts.
  • Of the hundreds of Greek tragedies written, fewer than 35 survive.
three playwrights
Three Playwrights
  • Aeschylus
    • Most famous for Oresteia
    • Introduced concept of second actor
    • Expanded possibilities for plot
sophocles
Sophocles
  • Innovation of the third actor
  • Most famous for Oedipus Rex
euripides
Euripides
  • Created the ultimate form of drama
  • Far more naturalistic or human approach in his works
  • Showed interest in psychology through portraits of women
euripides continued
Euripides (continued)
  • Medea is most famous work
    • Describes how a mother kills her children to gain revenge against their father
roman theater
Roman Theater
  • Borrowed extensively from Greeks
  • Latin word “ludus” – play
  • Chiefly important because it influenced Renaissance playwrights
  • Works of only one author left – Lucius Annaeus Seneca
    • 5 act form -- Elaborate language
    • Revenge as the main idea of the play
    • Confidant
roman comedy
Roman Comedy
  • Typical plot – misunderstandings
    • Mistaken identity
    • Free-spending sons deceiving their fathers

Gradual decline – actors excommunicated

-- rising power of church

-- invasions by barbarian tribes

medieval drama
Medieval Drama
  • Death of theater after fall of Roman Empire
  • Kept alive only by street players, jugglers, acrobats, and animal trainers
medieval churches
Medieval Churches
  • Although against theater during Roman Empire, churches are most responsible for bringing theater back
  • Church needed to establish itself in the community
    • Began using drama to tell stories about religious holidays
liturgical drama
Liturgical Drama
  • Rebirth of drama through brief plays acted by priests as part of the liturgy (worship service)
  • The Resurrection of Christ was first event dramatized
mystery plays
Mystery Plays
  • Written in verse and taught Christian doctrine
    • Presented Biblical characters as if they lived in medieval times
mystery plays continued
Mystery Plays (continued)
  • Setting for play on pageant wagon
  • Wagon drawn through city to various places
    • Actors performed on platform outside wagon
miracle plays
Miracle Plays
  • Based on lives of saints rather than scripture
  • Became secular after short period of time
morality plays
Morality Plays
  • Relgious performed “speeches”
  • Taught meanings of Biblical passages other than literal ones
  • Changed into plays called interludes
    • Interludes were created strictly for entertainment
renaissance drama italy
Renaissance Drama (Italy)
  • Strictly applied Aristotle’s rules
  • Spectacular musicals
  • Intermezzo – music and lively entertainment between acts
  • 16th century - Opera emerges
  • 17th century – Commedia dell’arte
    • Comedy and improv
renaissance drama
Renaissance Drama
  • Pastoral drama
    • Set in the country
    • Depicted romantic affairs of rustic people, usually shepherds and shepherdesses
renaissance drama england
Renaissance Drama (England)
  • Not bound by rules
  • Elements of farce, morality, disregard for time and place
  • Christopher Marlowe
    • Development of blank verse
england performances
England Performances
  • Began early afternoon; ended just before dusk
  • Women never on stage; parts played by boys
  • Attended by all classes of society
  • Refreshments sold during performances
  • Audience in a “holiday” mood
william shakespeare
William Shakespeare
  • Father of modern drama
  • Creator of the Globe Theater
shakespeare continued
Shakespeare (Continued)
  • Wrote tragedies, comedies, etc.
  • Unified plot
  • Strong characters and imagery
  • Perfection with verse form and language
    • Captured the spirit of ordinary speech
    • Gave special dignity to characters/situations
the globe theater
The Globe Theater
  • One of four major theaters in England – the other three – Swan, Rose, Hope
  • Open-air octagonal amphitheater
  • Seated 3,000
  • 3 stories high
  • Original burned down; was reconstructed before Shakespeare’s death
congratulations

Congratulations!!!

You have completed the lecture on the history of theater!!!