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Getting it right: Is your sedation safe sedation?. Duncan Bell Sunderland Royal Hospital. Report of an Intercollegiate Working Party chaired by the Royal College of Anaesthetists Published November 2001. AOMRC.

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getting it right is your sedation safe sedation

Getting it right: Is your sedation safe sedation?

Duncan Bell

Sunderland Royal Hospital

slide2
Report of an Intercollegiate Working Party chaired by the Royal College of Anaesthetists
  • Published November 2001
aomrc
AOMRC
  • “Implementing and ensuring Safe Sedation Practice For Healthcare procedures in adults”
  • Available as a pdf file from www.aomrc.org.uk
safe sedation practice
“Safe Sedation Practice”
  • What questions were asked?
  • What conclusions were drawn?
  • What recommendations were made?
  • What are the implications for the BSG and its members?
existing guidelines on sedation practice
Existing Guidelines on Sedation Practice
  • Poswillo Report 1990
  • BSG Recommendations 1991
  • RCA and RCR 1992
  • RCS Report 1993
what conclusions were drawn
What conclusions were drawn?
  • Existing guidelines on safety, sedation and monitoring were generally sound.
  • but
slide7
There was evidence to suggest that “sedative drugs are, in some circumstances, being used unnecessarily, inappropriately, or without adherence to some of the key components of published recommendations.”
evidence examined
Evidence examined
  • Included audits of :-
  • OGD 1995
  • Colonoscopy Intercollegiate BSG 2001
  • Bronchoscopy (Thorax)1997
  • TOEC (Heart) 2000
  • As well as :-
  • Admissions to ITU
  • Medico-legal claims
why are the guidelines not always being followed
Why are the guidelines not always being followed?
  • Postgraduate training programmes for specialties that use sedation techniques frequently do not include any requirement for specific instruction.
  • Resulting in many practitioners never receive formal training in sedation methods.
are the methods used correct
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….An associated cause for concern is the use, for sedation and by untrained staff, of drugs introduced primarily as IV anaesthetics (e.g. propofol and ketamine) ”.
are the methods used correct propofol and ketamine
Are the methods used correct? – Propofol and ketamine
  • “….Although these drugs have some excellent properties for use in sedation, very specialised knowledge, skills and equipment are needed. Certainly, these drugs cannot, at the present level of knowledge, be considered as safe for use by the ‘operator-sedationist’ ”.
are the methods used correct12
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….this is not to suggest that the techniques currently available are perfect because there is considerable room for development of many aspects”.
are the methods used correct13
Are the methods used correct?
  • “…. such development must be carried out in formal, collaborative research projects, not by uncontrolled variations in day to day practice”.
are the methods used correct14
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….The key point is that safety will be optimised only if practitioners use defined methods of sedation for which they have received formal training ”.
recommendations
Recommendations
  • A) General Principles
  • B) New Measures
recommendations16
Recommendations
  • A) General Principles
  • B) New Measures
recommendations17
Recommendations
  • A) General Principles
  • B) New Measures
new measures the working party recommends that 1
New Measures – The Working Party recommends that :- 1
  • “Royal Colleges, in association with the relevant sub-specialty organisations, should develop guidelines on sedation methods appropriate to clinical practice in their sphere of influence.”
new measures the working party recommends that 2
New Measures – The Working Party recommends that :- 2
  • “Royal Colleges, and their Faculties should incorporate the necessary instruction and assessment into training and revalidation programmes of those specialties that use sedation techniques.”
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3 Clinical governance framework at hospital level set up to ensure a ‘patient centred culture’ in which :-

Multidisciplinary team training

Sedationist fully aware of possible adverse consequences and able to deal with them

Audit of adverse incidents, complications and adherence to national and local protocols

slide21

4 NHS Trusts should apply to sedation techniques the standard of the Clinical Negligence Scheme which requires that :-

“ All medical and dental staff in training be competent in the technical skills and specified tasks expected of them.”

5 each hospital should
5 Each hospital should :-

“……nominate two consultants, one an anaesthetist and the other a user of sedation, to collaborate in the local implementation of guidelines and the provision of a specialist service for patients with particular problems.”

slide23
6 Those responsible for commissioning and providing healthcare in the primary and private sectors should :-

“……ensure that similar processes are in place to ensure a high standard of sedation practice.”

the implementation of recommendations 1 6 will be aided by
The implementation of recommendations 1-6 will be aided by :-
  • Greater focus on clinical governance and revalidation

As well as

  • The current climate requiring greater individual responsibility for practice
  • but
the implementation of recommendations 1 6 will also require
The implementation of recommendations 1-6 will also require :-
  • Adequate resourcing
  • Involve people with appropriate knowledge and skills
  • Include monitoring and evaluation processes
  • Have local as well as national elements
for the bsg endoscopy committee implementing 1 6 will require
For the BSG Endoscopy Committee implementing 1-6 will require :-
  • Updating of the guidelines on both sedation and informed consent
  • Liaison with the Royal Colleges and JAG
  • Supporting individual members in their dealings with their local trusts, anaesthetists, PCGs and private hospitals
  • ? Designing and running suitable courses on Conscious Sedation
are the methods used correct27
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….benzodiazepines have no analgesic properties when conventional doses are given systemically, and attempts to use them to control pain will result in significant overdose”.
are the methods used correct28
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….If systemic analgesia is required the opioids produce a degree of sedation as well, and are widely used, but they have respiratory depressant and other adverse effects”.
are the methods used correct29
Are the methods used correct?
  • “….Inhalational sedation has an established role in dental practice and could be used more frequently in other settings”.