Emergency Preparedness Merit Badge. Pentagon 09/11/2001. 8/29/2005 - Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina. 1,833 People Killed 1,960 Missing Persons 245 Missing Persons Under 20 Years Old 93,000 Square Miles Affected (more than the size of Great Britain) 850,791 Houses Destroyed
Rescue - the act of removing someone from danger.
Emergency Rescue - a technical term for a rescue taking place under hazardous circumstances with high risk to the rescue personnel, but which must be done immediately to save a person's life. In this type of scenario to say a person is in immediate danger may be understated, normally if not removed from their circumstance as quickly as possible the victim will die quite soon.
Technical rescues and rescue are descriptive of many types of circumstances, in all cases the victim is in danger. A cat up a tree or an otherwise uninjured person stuck in a crashed car are not likely to die in moments but will need to be rescued from their circumstance by someone with the means and skill to do so.
First aid for carbon monoxide poisoning is to immediately remove the victim from the exposure without endangering oneself, call for help, and begin CPR if needed. The main medical treatment for carbon monoxide poisoning is breathing 100% oxygen by a tight fitting oxygen mask. Oxygen hastens the dissociation of carbon monoxide from hemoglobin, improving by reducing its biological half-life.
Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include listlessness, depression, dementia, emotional disturbances, and hallucinations.
Prevention remains a vital public health issue, requiring public education on the safe operation of appliances, heaters, fireplaces, and internal-combustion engines, as well as increased emphasis on the installation of carbon monoxide detectors. Carbon monoxide alarms are usually installed in homes around heaters and other equipment. If a high level of CO is detected, the device sounds an alarm, giving people in the area a chance to ventilate the area or safely leave the building.
Make a distress signal
Make a distress signal on the ground by piling rocks, branches, or other debris to form large letters spelling "S.O.S," the universally recognized signal for help. Use materials that contrast with the surrounding environment. In winter, you may be able to stomp an SOS into the snow. Make the letters read from east to west (or west to east) so that the shadows catch the letters better.
Light three fires
You may also light three fires to signal for help. Build them either in a line or in a triangle, and get them good and hot. When you see a rescue plane during daylight hours, add green plant matter to the flames. This should cause thick smoke. Be careful to not extinguish the fire by doing this.
The emergency signaling mirror is approximately 3 by 5 inches and consists of an aluminized reflecting glass mirror, a back cover glass, and a sighting device. It is used to attract the attention of passing aircraft or ships by reflection, either in sunlight or in hazy weather. The reflections of this shatterproof mirror can be seen at a distance of 30 miles at an altitude of 10,000 feet. Though less effective, and with possible shorter range, mirror flashes can also be seen on cloudy days with limited visibility. To use the mirror, proceed as follows:
Punch a cross-hole in its center. Hold the mirror about 3 inches in front of your face and sight through the cross-hole at the ship or aircraft. The spot of light shining through the hole onto your face will be seen in the cross-hole. While keeping a sight on the ship or aircraft, adjust the mirror until the spot of light on your face disappears in the hole. The bright spot, seen through the sight, will then be aimed directly at the search ship or aircraft.
Rescuer 1: Facing the back of the chair, grasp the back uprights.
Rescuer 2: Facing away from the victim, reach back and grasp the two front legs of the chair.
Both rescuers: Tilt the chair back, lift, and walk out.
A.The shorter bearer spreads the casualty's legs, kneels between the legs with his back to the casualty, and positions his hands behind the casualty's knees. The taller bearer kneels at the casualty's head, slides his hands under the arms and across the chest, and locks his hands.
B. The bearers rise together, lifting the casualty.
C Alternate position, facing casualty.
Scouts in the past have helped police and fire departments, emergency management officials, and the Red Cross handle crowd and traffic control. Today, it is felt that Scouts should do this only at official Boy Scouts of America functions. In any case, crowd and traffic control must be done under the supervision of officials in charge of the situation.
Each member of a crowd control crew needs a staff about two (2) inches in diameter and six (6) feet long. To move a crowd back, crew members hold the staff horizontally at chest height and advance slowly toward the crowd. To keep the crowd back, form a chain with your staffs. To direct the movement of a crowd, indicate direction by pointing or blocking the way.
During daylight hours, a fluorescent or reflective vest should be worn. After dark every member of a crowd control crew should wear a reflective vest or high visibility material on the right ankle and arm.
Providing messenger service during an emergency takes planning. Your BSA council, along with other community organizations, will assign a service area to your troop, usually near your meeting place. Your troop should make a large-scale map of the area and assign sections to each patrol. Each patrol then prepares its own sectional map and learns it inside-out. Get to know short cuts, easiest routes, dead end streets, traffic blocks, and trails that will help you get from one point to another during an emergency.
Bikes can speed up delivery but must be in top condition for a reliable messenger service. Cyclists must also know and practice bicycle safety at all times. In some areas, older Scouts and leaders may deliver messages by car, snowmobile, boat, horse, or skis.
During emergencies, each messenger should carry a flashlight, personal first aid kit, pencil, paper, map, pocket knife, and money. After delivering a written message, get a written receipt and return it with any answer to the sender.
Scouts might deliver messages within a control center during emergencies, freeing adults for other work. Troops can also help with communications. If telephones are working, Scouts can act as operators, taking incoming calls and relaying information to officials in charge. If phones don’t work, signal teams might be set up, with four Scouts to a team. One Scout acts as a team chief and observer, another as the signaler, the third as the recorder, and the fourth as the messenger.
Some Scouts and leaders specialize in radio communications. Some are qualified as amateur radio operators, Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) operators for emergency situations, or citizens band (CB) operators. CB units can consult and coordinate with local emergency management organizations such as the Red Cross and can serve as a primary means of communication.
During and after some disasters, such as floods and tornadoes, many people may be without food or clothing. People may be homeless for a time. Scout troops working under the direction of their leaders and local officials can help collect needed items and get them to a central distribution point.
Usually, officials will set up collection and distribution points at places such as churches, fire stations, schools, and other public building. Your troop meeting place might be used.
If your troop has developed a master map of your community, you will know where food stores are. This will save time in rounding up supplies. Scouts can also distribute leaflet or instructions for the Red Cross, the local emergency management agency, or other local authorities and volunteer groups.
The ideal site for a mass feeding operation is a building already equipped with suitable food service equipment. Satisfactory sites might include a school lunchroom, a church, or a club facility where meals for large numbers of people can be safely prepared and served. The site should include adequate refrigeration equipment, large ranges, sufficient work surfaces, adequate dish washing areas, and hand washing facilities. If possible, your mass feeding operation should be supervised by someone who has experience with large food service operations. Possible candidates include school or institutional food service managers - or people who have worked as cooks, employees, or managers in large restaurants.
Taking shelter is critical in times of disaster. Sheltering is appropriate when conditions require that you seek protection in your home, place of employment, or other location where you are when disaster strikes. Sheltering outside the hazard area would include staying with friends and relatives, seeking commercial lodging, or staying in a mass care facility operated by disaster relief groups in conjunction with local authorities.
Scouts know about emergency sanitation than most people. Troops can help treat water if clean water service is not available after emergency. Wherever an emergency shelter has been set up, emergency sanitation often must be provided. Troops also can round up covered containers for garbage or come up with other possibilities for dealing with trash.