Computers: Tools for an Information Age - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Computers: Tools for an Information Age

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  1. Computers:Tools for an Information Age Chapter 9 Social and Ethical Issues in Computing: Doing the Right Thing Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  2. Objectives • Identify the social issues and ethics in computing • Understand the digital divide social issue and its effect in society • List and describe the workplace issues • Describe the international and national legal issues Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  3. Objectives • List different methods that are already available for protecting children on the Internet • Explain the significance of the ethics in computing • Explain the significance of intellectual property rights Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  4. The Digital Divide • Separates the computing haves from the have-nots • Several initiatives exist to narrow the divide Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  5. Workplace Issues • Healthy computing • Employee monitoring • Environmental concerns Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  6. Healthy Computing • A number of health questions have been raised • Harmful emissions from monitor • Eyestrain from monitor • Back pain from position of chair and desk • Repetitive strain injury Return Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  7. Ergonomics • Refers to human factors related to the use of computers • Ergonomic equipment • Ergonomic behavior Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  8. Employee Monitoring • Various tools allow an employer to monitor an employee’s performance • Keystroke monitors measure keystrokes per second • Other software tools monitor how long an employee is away from the computer • Monitor the files stored on the hard drive • Monitor the sites visited on the Internet • Many companies have policies that notify employees about monitoring practices Return Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  9. Environmental Concerns • Power consumption • Computer supplies • PC disposal Return Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  10. Jurisdictional Issues • International issues • Applying national laws to a world-wide medium is a difficult process • It would be impossible to determine if the content of every Web site was legal according to the laws of every country • Issues exist over which country’s court has jurisdiction • National issues • Issues exist over which locality’s court has jurisdiction • Imposition of sales taxes on Internet transactions Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  11. Protecting Children on the Internet • The Internet offers many opportunities for children • There are also unsavory elements on the Internet • Ways to protect children • Blocking software • Child monitoring • Laws to protect children Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  12. Ethics in Computing • Ethics – standards of moral conduct • Used to help determine the proper course of action in difficult situations • Computing Issues • Computer ethics • Professional ethics • Programmer responsibility • Ethical use of computers Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall

  13. Intellectual Property Rights • Refers to results of intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields • U.S. Copyright Act provides protection in three areas • Copyrights • Patents • Trademarks Copyright © 2003 by Prentice Hall