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A Scientist’s View of Open Access Bernard Schutz Director Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute) Potsdam, Germany Bernard.Schutz@aei.mpg.de Outline Who I am Focus: Open Access in support of science Max Planck Society and the Berlin Declaration

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a scientist s view of open access
A Scientist’s View of Open Access
  • Bernard Schutz
  • Director
  • Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics
  • (Albert Einstein Institute)Potsdam, Germany
  • Bernard.Schutz@aei.mpg.de
outline
Outline
  • Who I am
  • Focus: Open Access in support of science
  • Max Planck Society and the Berlin Declaration
  • Archives, arXiv, digital library
  • How journals add value
  • The Atlantic divide on OA
  • What Libraries can do

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

who i am
Who I am
  • Theoretical astrophysicist- black holes, gravitationalwaves; LIGO, LISA
  • Director of AEI: research institute, 2 sites, theory & experiment, 300 scientists
  • Co-director of Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL)
  • Max Planck Society: 80 independent institutes across all fields, from art history to space science. Total budget ~ Stanford U.
  • Digital outreach, incl Einstein Online and Scienceface.org
  • Publish Living Reviews in Relativity: Open Access

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

oa a many threaded debate

Image: Carlo H Séquin

OA: a many-threaded debate
  • Many concerns, many interests:
    • Subscription burden on libraries
    • Business model for publishing: publishing costs money
    • Moral argument: publicly supported research should be public
    • Public access to experimental data: not my topic today!
  • I want to focus on what OA brings to scientific work
    • Universal access: better distribution, wider community
    • Universal full-text searches: better information retrieval
    • New publishing/distribution models

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

as a scientist and manager
As a scientist and manager...
  • Universal access: I want to work with
    • Good young scientists who are taking jobs at smaller institutions
    • Wonderful Asian, South American and African scientists who are still isolated
    • … and I want them to read my papers!
  • Universal full-text searches: a killer app
    • I want really useful tools that understand context to retrieve text intelligently, hunt down key equations, ensure completeness of bibliographies, help assess the real impact of a scientist’s work. These would totally transform the OA debate: scholars would demand OA.
    • To move from metadata searching to full-text requires OA.
  • New publishing and distribution models:
    • OA journals experiment with editorial policy (Living Reviews) and refereeing methods
    • In an OA world, articles can access or even import text or figures or data from other published articles; figures can contain original data and be manipulated by the reader; we are only beginning to imagine!

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

berlin declaration
Berlin Declaration
  • In 2003 the Max Planck Society hosted the first Berlin Open Access Conference. Berlin 7 will be in Paris in December.
  • Outcome of Berlin 1: The Berlin Declaration
    • Signatories are institutions, not people: research organizations, universities
    • Not a statement of principles but an agreement to implement actions
    • 266 signatories so far

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

archives arxiv digital library
Archives, arXiv, digital library
  • Max Planck’s e-library project: eSciDoc. Rolling out Publication Manager repository. Developed by MPDL with FIZ-Karlsruhe. Other e-projects in pipeline, like FACES, Scholarly Workbench.
  • MPDL negotiates OA agreements with publishers, will cover article charges for OA.
  • Max Planck Deposit Request to its staff is coming out soon, but will not be as far-reaching as Harvard’s. But all papers must go into PubMan.
  • As a physicist, I already am totally open access: all my papers go on the arXiv. But this is uneven: many subfields and disciplines do not.

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

why keep journals
Why keep journals?
  • I want my papers in Nature, Science, Physical Review Letters, ....
  • Why?
    • Not to ensure that people can get them: they are already on the arXiv.
    • I want people to read them. I want the prestige, to draw attention to them.
  • Journals provide quality assurance: refereeing
  • Max Planck recognizes that this costs money, wants to pay for it.
    • Estimated cost: 2-3% of total Max Planck cost per paper.
    • In return the paper should be OA.
  • Max Planck wants to assist journals to go OA, eg through SCOAP3

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

continental drift
Continental Drift
  • There appears to be a big difference between Europe and the USA, at least in terms of institutional attitudes toward OA.
    • Example: of 366 signatories to Berlin Declaration, only 6 are from the USA.
    • Example: SCOAP3 well supported in Europe, struggling in the US.
    • Example: Max Planck, DFG, CNRS, INFN, all British research councils, CERN -- all have signed Berlin Declaration. In the US, NIH has a strong OA policy, NSF and DOE do not.
  • The lack of a common perspective between Europe and US institutions certainly inhibits progress toward OA.

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009

what libraries can do
What Libraries Can Do
  • Develop repositories, encourage development of new e-science tools.
    • Still waiting for that killer app!
  • Encourage the publishing of new electronic OA journals with high editorial standards.
  • Universities in the US need to be heard more strongly.
    • Encourage your university to adopt an OA policy, or to sign the Berlin Declaration, or both.
  • Organizing a Berlin Open Access Conference in the US might raise visibility.
  • Come to Berlin 7 in Paris: on 2 December there will be a special session devoted to American OA issues! http://www.berlin7.org/

B F Schutz

Albert Einstein Institute

Open Access Panel | ARL, Washington DC | 15 October 2009