U3 E1: The Subjunctive for Expressing Wishes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U3 E1: The Subjunctive for Expressing Wishes

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U3 E1: The Subjunctive for Expressing Wishes

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  1. U3 E1: The Subjunctive for Expressing Wishes

  2. Remember that you learned to use the subjunctive mood with impersonal expressions like “Esimportanteque” at the end of Spanish II. Esimportantequesepas la verdad = It’s important that you know the truth. • You also learned to use the subjunctive after verbs like “quererque” and “preferirque” to indicate that one person wants someone else to do something. • Prefieroque me digas la verdad = I prefer that you tell me the truth

  3. Triggers for wishes/demands Yasabes…. desear-to want, to desire esperar-to hope, to wait mandar-to order, to send pedir (e-->i)- to request permitir-to permit querer (e-->ie) -to want recomendar (e-->ie) -to recommend sugerir (e-->ie) -to suggest NUEVOS dejar -toallow exigir- todemand (exijo, exiges) insistir en- to insist on oponerse a- to oppose prohibir- to prohibit rogar (o-->ue)- to beg suplicar- to ask, plead aconsejar- toadvise

  4. You only use the subjunctive with these verbs for expressing wishes when there is a change of subject in the sentence. (this was an issue on the test)

  5. In the first example “Yoprefieroque me digas la verdad,” the first clause has “prefiero,” which is conjugated for the subject “yo.” In the second clause, the subject is “digas” for “tú.” The subject begins as “I” but then changes to “you” so the subjunctive is used.


  6. Intentemos otros ejemplos: Prohibo que vayas a la fiesta. The first subject is ________________ and the second subject is ____________, so the subjunctive is used. Mis padres insisten que yo haga mi tarea. The first subject is ___________________ and the second subject is _______________, so the subjunctive is used.

  7. When there is no change of subject, you use the infinitive instead of the subjunctive. Ejemplo: Yo deseo viajar a Inglaterra. = I want to travel to England. (I want that I travel to England, both subjects are “I.”) Compare: Yo quiero que tú asistas a la ceremonia. _______________________________________ Yo quiero asistir a la ceremonia. __________________________________________

  8. Quieroque me lleves a casa = I want you to take me home (that you take me home) (notice that in English we make the subjunctive part an infinitive)

  9. Termina la oración. Usa el subjuntivo. POR EJEMPLO: Mis tíos no ABREN la tienda hoy. Yo quiero que ellos la ABRAN.1. Alicia no estudia idiomas. Pero yo quiero que Alicia ________________ idiomas. 2. Marcos no trabaja. Pero deseamos que él __________________________. Escoge una expresión de deseo para terminar la frase. 3. Mis amigos no tienen empleo. Pero _______________ que ellos ___________________ empleo. 4. Federico y Paula no nos escriben. Pero _______________ que ellos nos ______________________.

  10. 5. Juan no sigue nuestros consejos. Pero _______________ que Juan ____________ nuestros consejos. 6. Nosotros no comemos fuera hoy. Pero _______________ que nosotros ________________ fuera. 7. Tú no vuelves temprano. Pero _______________ que tú _______________________temprano. 8. Los niños no duermen por la tarde. Pero _______________ que ellos _______________por la tarde.

  11. 9. Juan no entiende. Pero _______________ que Juan ___________________________ 10. Amalia no piensa en nosotros. Pero _______________ que Amalia __________________en nosotros. 11. La oficina no manda el paquete. Pero _______________ que la oficina lo__________________.

  12. 1. My sister begs me to help her (begs that I help her). _________________________________________________________________ 2.Your grandparents never let you go out (salir) with me. _________________________________________________________________ 3.My favorite professor advises me to study more. (like example 1). _________________________________________________________________

  13. 4.The students want me to give less homework. _________________________________________________________________ 5.My family hopes that my sister is successful in college. _________________________________________________________________ 6.I need all of you to take Spanish next year!! _________________________________________________________________