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American Forests Sierra Club Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission Indian Tribes of Washinton Governors Office State legislature Academics/ research organizations Washington Environmental Council Commissioner of Public Lands Forest Practices Board Major Forest Companies

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

American Forests

Sierra Club

Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission

Indian Tribes of Washinton

Governors Office

State legislature

Academics/ research organizations

Washington Environmental Council

Commissioner of Public Lands

Forest Practices Board

Major Forest Companies

Nucleus of Power

Department of Natural Resources

Washington State Department of Ecology

Washington State Society of American Foresters

Washington Audubon Society

Forestry Workers/ unions

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Izaak Walton League (Washington State)

Washington State Wildlife Society

Washington Recreation and Park Association

Washington Wildlife Federation

Diagram: 5.2: WASHINGTON STATE FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1975

Washington Forest Protection Association

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide2

American Forests

Sierra Club

Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission

Washington Wildlfie and Recreation Coalition

Indian Tribes of Washinton

Governors Office

State legislature

Washington State Department of Fisheries

Academics/ research organizations

Washington Environmental Council

Commissioner of Public Lands

Washington State Department of Wildlife

Forest Practices Board

Major Forest Companies

Washington Farm Forestry Association

Nucleus of Power

Department of Natural Resources

Timber/Fish/Wildlife Process

Washington State Department of Labour

Washington State Department of Ecology

Washington State Department of Industry

Washington State Society of American Foresters

Washington Audubon Society

Unions

Izaak Walton League (Washington State)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Washington State Wildlife Society

Trout Unlimited Washington Council

Washington Recreation and Park Association

Washington Wildlife Federation

Diagram 5.3: WASHINGTON STATE FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1995

Washington Forest Protection Association

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide3

American Forests

Sierra Club

Governors Office

State legislature

Academics/ research organizations

Oregon Environmental Council

Board of Forestry

Major Forest Companies

Nucleus of Power

Oregon Wildlife Federation

Department of Forestry

Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development

Oregon Small Woodlands Association

Oregon Society of American Foresters

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Association

Unions

Oregon Fish and Wildlife Service

Northwest Steel Headers

Izaak Walton League (Oregon)

Audubon Society of Portland

Diagram 5.0: OREGON STATE FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1975

Oregon Forest Industries Council

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide4

American Forests

Sierra Club

Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development

Governors Office

State legislature

Academics/ research organizations

Oregon Environmental Council

Board of Forestry

Major Forest Companies

Nucleus of Power

Oregon Wildlife Federation

Department of Forestry

Oregon Small Woodlands Association

Oregon Society of American Foresters

Oregon Trout

Audubon Society of Portland

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen's Association

Unions

Oregon Fish and Wildlife Service

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Northwest Steel Headers

1000 friends of Oregon

Izaak Walton League (Oregon)

Diagram 5.1: OREGON STATE FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1995

Oregon Forest Industries Council

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide5

Tourist Industry

Environmental Defnese Fund

Oregon Society of American Forester

American Forestry Association

Aboriginal Groups

Society of American Forester

Seattle Audubon Society

Portland Audubon Society

Smalll Woodlot Owners

Natural Resources Defense Council

Sierra Club

Academic/ Research Organizations

Major Forest Companies

Sierra Legal Defence Fund

The American Paper Institute

The American Paper Institute

"Special area" eco-forest groups

Izaak Walton League of America

National Audubon Society

U.S.D.A. Forest Service

World Resources Institute

Bureau of Land Management

The Courts

Relevant Senate and House Oversight Committees

BLM District Manager

National Forest Products Association

Wilderness Society

House and Senate Appropriations Committees

National Forest Supervisors

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Nucleus of Power

National Marine Fisheries Service

BLM Oregon State Office

White House

White House

Forest Service Region 6 Office

U.S. Wilderness Society

United Brotherhood of Carpenters

Individual Members of Congress

U.S. National Audubon Society

Northwest Pine Association

Industrial Forestry Association

Oregon Natural Resources Council

Sub-regional groups

Natural Resources Council of America

Greater Ecosystem Alliance

IWA of America

United Paperworkers International Union

Association of Western Pulp and Paper Workers

Greenpeace USA

Diagram 3.0 : U.S. FEDERAL PNW FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1975

Relevant House and Senate Oversight Committees

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE

PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide6

Tourist Industry

Environmental Defense Fund

Save Our Forests

Oregon Society of American Foresters

American Forests

Aboriginal Groups

Izaak Walton League of America

Society of American Forester

Defenderse of Wildlife

Smalll Woodlot Owners

Northwest Forest Resources Council

Sierra Legal Defence Fund Seattle Office

Natural Resources Defense Council

Sierra Club Northwest Office

Sierra Club

Relevant Senate and House Oversight Committees

Sierra Legal Defence Fund

Academic/ Research Organizations

BLM District Managers

Portland Audubon Society

Bureau of Land Management

Klamath Forest Allilance

Save the West

National Audubon Society

"Special area" eco-forest groups

White House Office of Environmental Policy (DC)

World Resources Institute

Seattle Audubon Society

U.S.D.A. Forest Service

House and Senate Appropriations Committees

Other Audubon Chapters

Native Forest Council

White House Office of Forestry and Economic Development (Portland)

National Forest Supervisors

Public Forestry Foundation

The Courts

Wilderness Society

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility

Major Forest Companies

FEMAT Regional and Province Interagency Advisory Committees

Association of Forest Service Employees for Environmental Ethics

Nucleus of Power

BLM Oregon State Office

Forest Conservation Council

National Marine Fisheries Service

White House

American Forest and Paper Association

Forest Watch Network

U.S. Wilderness Society

Forest Service Region 6 Office

United Brotherhood of Carpenters

Endangered Species Coalition

Ancient Forest Alliance

U.S. National Audubon Society

Western Ancient Forest Campaign

Pacific Rivers Council

Northwest Forestry Association

Northwest Environment Watch

Eco-trust

National Wildlife Federation Regional Office

Oregon Natural Resources Council

Individual Members of Congress

Sub-regional groups

Headwaters

Association of Western Pulp and Paper Workers

Natural Resources Council of America

Greater Ecosystem Alliance

IWA of America

Greenpeace USA PNW office

Washington State Wildlife Federation

Greenpeace USA

United Paperworkers International Union

Diagram 3.1: U.S. FEDERAL PNW FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1995

Relevant House and Senate Oversight Committees

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

ATTENTIVE

PUBLIC

This is a snapshot of the forest policy community following Spotted Owl litigation and Option 9 in which the center of activity had switched from Congress to the Courts and White House. Following the 1994 Congressional elections, the center of activity had switched back to Congress, and industry organizations gained increased access to decision making processes. Shading represents eco-forest groups. Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide8

Sierra Club

Academics/ research organizations

Valhalla Wilderness Committee

Ministry of Forests

B.C. Wildlife Federation

Provincial Cabinet

Ministry of Environment

Association of B.C. Professional Foresters

Federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Commercial Fisheries Groups

U.S. National Audbon Society

Outdoor Recreation Council

Federation of B.C. Naturalists

Okanagon Similkameen Parks Society

DIAGRAM 7.0: B.C. FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1975

B.C. Opposition Parties and Federal Parties

Legislature

Others

Tourist Industry

Aboriginal Groups

Ministry of Forests

Environment and Land Use Cabinet Committee and its secretariat

Major Companies

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Nucleus of Power

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

Council of Forest Industries

ATTENTIVE PUBLIC

IWA

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)

slide9

World Wildlife Fund, U.K.

Women's Environmental Network

Tourist Industry

Greenpeace Germany

Greenpeace Germany

Natural Resources Defense Council

Greenpeace U.K.

Aboriginal Groups

Academic/ Research Organizations

Western Canada Wilderness Committee

Western Canada Wilderness Committee

Truck Loggers Association

Sierra Legal Defence Fund

Commission on Resources and the Environment

Valhalla Wilderness Society

Sierra Club of B.C.

Rain Forest Action Network

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society- B.C. Chapter

B.C. Forest Alliance

U.S. Foundation

"Special area" eco-forest groups

Major Forest Companies

sub-regional based groups

Forest Renewal

B.C. Wildlife Federation

Provincial Land Use Straegy

B.C. Wild

B.C. Share Groups

Forest Policy Watch

Federation of B.C. Naturalists

Ministry of Forests

B.C. Spaces for Nature (World Wildlife Fund)

Nucleus of Power

Raincoast Conservation Society

Council of Forest Industries (and their six member associations)

Professional Foresters

Canadian Nature Federation

Eco-trust

Greenpeace

B.C. Public Interest Advocacy Centre

Outdoor Recreation Council

Tin-Wis Coalition

Canadian Forest Service

Greater Ecosystem Alliance

Commercial Fisheries Groups

Other U.S. and international based eco-forest groups

Pacific Environment Research Center

U.S. Wilderness Society

U.S. National Audubon Society

DIAGRAM 7.1: B.C. FOREST POLICY COMMUNITY: 1995

B.C. Opposition and

federal parties

Legislature

Others

Federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Provincial Cabinet

Land Use Coordination Office

SUB-GOVERNMENT

Protected Area Strategy

Policy participation

Policy advocacy

Forest Practices Board

Land and Resource Management Sub-regional processes

Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks

IWA

ATTENTIVE

PUBLIC

Shading represents eco-forest groups

Adapted from Wilson (1990: 146)