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Tourism. Travel for recreation or leisure or provision of services in support of that Assumes: disposable income (can afford it) leisure time (paid vacations) infrastructure available. History of Tourism. Pilgrimages from Europe to the Holy Lands

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Travel for recreation or leisure or

provision of services in support of that

Assumes: disposable income (can afford it)

leisure time (paid vacations)

infrastructure available

history of tourism

History of Tourism

Pilgrimages from Europe to the Holy Lands

1758 – first travel company in Great Britain

1851 – first package tour – Thomas Cook

Health tours – spas like Hot Springs (1876)

Seaside resorts – Atlantic City, NJ(1854)

1937 – term “tourism” used officially by League of Nations

2004 - 763,000,000 tourist arrivals world-wide

top 5 tourist destinations 2004
Top 5 tourist destinations (2004)
  • France 75,000,000
  • Spain 53,600,000
  • United States 46,100,000
  • China 41,800,000
  • Italy 37,100,000
tourism in belize

Tourism in Belize

1952 – appointed Committee for Tourism Activities

1953 – Fort George Hotel – first hotel

1960 – tourism discouraged by PUP

1966 – first hotel at San Pedro – 4 rooms

1980 – 138 hotels with 1,377 rooms and 2000 beds

1981 – first ecotours offered

1990 – first real government interest

1998 – new government pushes tourist industry

1998 - 408 hotels with 4000 rooms and 7000 beds

2004 – 25% of Belizeans work in tourist trade

2004 - 1,000,000 tourists (800,000 cruisers)

jacques cousteau
Jacques Cousteau

The Undersea World of

Jacques Cousteau (1968-1976)

Visited the Blue Hole

in 1971 on the Calypso

Invented SCUBA

arrivals to belize 1988 vs 1999
Arrivals to Belize 1988 vs. 1999
  • Mode 1988 1999
  • Cruise ship 267 34,130
  • Sea 9,386 11,312
  • Air 49,409 112,400
  • Overland 82,959 168,800

Spent $111,500,000 US in 1999

Spent $174,100,000 US in 2005

Only $30,600,000 spent by cruisers - $44.00

tourist attractions
Tourist attractions

Beaches and coral reefs

Diving, deep-sea fishing, sailing

Vast tropical forest areas

wildlife, vegetation, big rivers, hiking

Over 600 archaeological sites

visited by over 40% of tourists

20 natural areas created between 1982-1991

what tourists do in belize
What tourists do in Belize
  • SCUBA/snorkling
  • Wind surfing
  • Fishing
  • Sailing
  • Caving
  • Canoeing/kayaking
  • Bird/nature watching
  • Golfing (Caye Chapel)
http www kayakbelize com


The World Conservation Union (1996) defined ecotourism as environmentally responsible travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas that promotes conservation, has low negative visitor impact, and provides for beneficially active socioeconomic involvement of local populations.

In March 1988, presidents of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico signed a joint tourism promotion pact

By 1998, Latin American countries reported they had invested more than $21 billion US in ecotourism initiatives

goals of ecotourism

Goals of ecotourism

generation of financial support for protected area management

generation of local economic benefits

generation of local support for conservation

Tourism must be planned and managed in such a manner that its natural and cultural environments are not depleted or degraded, but maintained as viable resources on a permanent basis for continuous future use

Should be small-scale

toledo ecotourism association
Timothy, D. J., and K. White. 1999. Community-based ecotourism development on the periphery of Belize. Current Issues in Tourism. 2:226-242. Toledo Ecotourism Association

Ten villages participate in a guest house and ecotrail program

potential bad impacts of ecotourism

Potential bad impacts of ecotourism

trail proliferation

erosion and widening

muddiness on trails

vegetation cover loss

soil and root exposure

tree damage

animal-human conflicts


incidental ecotourists

Incidental ecotourists

tourists with multiple interests who encounter wildlife or fragile ecosystems inadvertently

Lamanai Archaeological Reserve, Belize

black howler monkeys being affected

Possible solutions:-

more effective guide training

limiting tourist group size

increasing entrance fees at the Reserve.


Ripple, W. J., and R. L. Beschta. 2006. Linking a cougar decline, trophic cascade, and catastrophic regime shift in Zion National Park. Biological Conservation 133: 397-408.


Increase in ecotourists

caused decrease in top predator which in turn lead to increase in main herbivore which lead to lack of recruitment of cottonwoods, decreases in other vegetation, and decreases in terrestrial and aquatic animals

mass tourism

Mass tourism

Movement of large numbers of people at once

Carnival Cruises lists 31 off-boat daily activities

They have proposed $50,000,000 US cruise terminal

200 port calls at Belize in 2005

belize city is a tender port
Belize City is a tender port

Tourist Village

Freestay Caribbean Program

francis ford coppola

Francis Ford Coppola

Blancaneaux Lodge

Turtle Island

La Lancha

Lake Peten

cayo espanto 2000 us per day
Cayo Espanto - $2000 US per day

$2300 US round-trip

$12,000 US for island per day

  • Lobsterfest 22-24 June
  • Whale shark tours
tourism agencies
Tourism agencies

Belize Tourism Board

Belize Tourism Industry Association

retired persons incentive program
Retired Persons Incentive Program
  • Started in 1999
  • 45 years or older
  • Pension of at least $2000 US a month
  • Pension deposited in Belizean bank
  • Fee of $1350 - $750 for additional people
  • Move belongings, car and boat duty-free
  • Pay no taxes
  • Cannot work