Immigration Rate Crime Rate Immigration & Violent CrimePerception vs RealityWhat tips the scales? Jennifer Tejada Critical Issues in Law Enforcement-Module 4
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations-Who Does That?Policy/Politicans • 1970 – War on Drugs • 1994 - Prop 187 (Ca) • 1986 – Immigration reform and Control Act • 2002 – War on Terror • 2006 – President G Bush- national speech on Immigration Reform • 2017 – Trump Administration
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations- Crime-Immigration-Terrorism President Trump 9/11-San Bernardino-Orlando 2nd Generation Immigrant – Domestic Terrorism President Obama
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations-What The Research Shows Increased immigration rate does not lead to increased crime rate!
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations-What The Research Shows PRISON GROWTH 1980-2000 Massive growth in prison population 139/100,000 751/100,000 IMMIGRATION GROWTH 1980 – 14.1 Million 1990 – 19.8 Million 2000 – 31.1 Million Avg growth 1 million/year • BIG CRIME DROP • 1994-2005 Crime Rates dropped • Violent Crime down 43% • Homicide down 38%
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations-What The Research Shows 1980 – 2000 Ousey & Kubrin Study: 159 cities greater than 100,000 UCR Violent Crime Rates Consecutive 3 year average Census data Findings: The ‘Latino paradox” As immigration increases-violent crime decreases No correlation between drug trends, immigration and violent crime No increased crime due to Economic changes
Criminalizing Immigrant Populations- Research Shows: Perception is not Reality The Effect of Prison Population Size on Crime Rates: Evidence from Prison Overcrowding Litigation ,Steven D. Levitt ,The Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 111, No. 2 (May, 1996), pp. 319-351 Are Immigrants Prone to Crime and Terrorism?” KrishnadevCalamur, The Atlantic, June 2016, ‘Exploring the Connection between Immigration and Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities, 1080-2000 Graham Ousey and Charis Kubrin, ‘Exploring the Connection between Immigration and Violent Crime Rates in U.S. Cities, 1080-2000 https://www.newamerica.org/in-depth/terrorism-in-america/
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