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Sustainable Winemaking Ontario

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  1. Sustainable Winemaking Ontario Program Overview November 2008 Ron Giesbrecht, Winemaker Henry of Pelham Family Winery Ontario, CANADA Wine Council of Ontario

  2. Are there vineyards in Canada? Wine Council of Ontario

  3. Yes, certainly! Wine Council of Ontario

  4. Why Sustainable Winemaking Ontario? • In Ontario there is a comparatively young wine industry that is expanding rapidly, competing with other land uses, challenged by a rapidly changing regulatory framework, and very interested in environmental sustainability. • By late 2003, members of the WCO decided that the wine industry in Ontario needed to have a proactive environmental program to help the wineries identify and adopt Best Practice environmental stewardship. • Sustainable Winemaking Ontario is this proactive program created to address this industry-wide interest and to help the wine industry identify new environmentally sustainable opportunities and comply with existing regulations which are changing rapidly. Wine Council of Ontario

  5. Goals for the program • The members of the WCO were also clear – go “beyond the rules” • Continually push for improved industry environmental performance. • The documents and workshops, are tools designed to assist the industry in the continuous improvement of its environmental performance. • After extensive consultation with the industry, the goals of Sustainable Winemaking Ontario were set as the following: • improve the environmental performance of the wine industry in Ontario • continually improve the quality of wine growing and winemaking in an environmentally responsive manner • provide a way to address consumer and resident questions in relation to the environment and the wine industry • add value to the wine industry in Ontario. Wine Council of Ontario

  6. Major ecological features within the Ontario Wine regions Niagara Escarpment The Great Lakes and various Rivers including the Niagara River The Ontario Greenbelt Wine Council of Ontario

  7. The Bench lands Wine Council of Ontario

  8. The Niagara Escarpment The Niagara Escarpment, running for over 700 km through Ontario, is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, designated for its unique landform characteristics and the presence of a provincial land use plan to guide development in its area. It is one of only 15 biosphere reserves in Canada, and is part of a network of 531 in 102 countries. The limestone rock that forms the Niagara Escarpment and forms part of the soils around this geological feature also makes the surounding soils ideal for viticulture. Wine Council of Ontario

  9. The Great Lakes Wine Council of Ontario

  10. The Great Lakes The close proximity of Lakes Ontario and Erie, 2 of the largest bodies of fresh water on earth and within the system of 5 Great Lakes, makes the activities of those who live and work around them of great importance and responsibility. Our vineyards frequently border directly on these lakes and the Niagara River, so this responsibility falls on us as viticulturalists to an even greater extent. Wine Council of Ontario

  11. Greenbelt: Preserved agriculture, natural areas, sustainable activities and indigenous species Wine Council of Ontario

  12. The Ontario Greenbelt Ontario's Greenbelt is 1.8 million acres (720,000 Ha) of protected countryside, including some of the most valuable agricultural and viticultural land in Canada, providing perfect conditions for growing award-winning, world-class wines. We believe this is something to celebrate. 91% of central Ontarians want to buy local food and wine. People who choose 'local' are people who know that living well doesn't have to cost the earth. That they can enjoy refined, sophisticated tastes without compromising their values or the environment. Wine Council of Ontario

  13. Sustainable Winemaking: Benefits to the industry clear • Sustainable Winemaking Ontario aims to deliver the following benefits to the wine industry: • a framework including Best Practices that protects the environment while delivering economic efficiencies • a format of continual improvement to assist companies that operate with a goal of improving their operational practices • tools for measurement, analysis, feedback and reporting to allow the industry to continuously benchmark its performance • information on emerging regulatory changes that is easily accessible to winemakers and viticulturalists • assistance in ensuring access to international markets • an increased assurance of food safety. • Sustainable Winegrowing Ontario addresses the environmental, economic and social aspects of sustainability. Wine Council of Ontario

  14. Extensive Supporting Documents developed for Industry use Sustainable Winemaking Ontario: An Environmental Charter for the Wine Industry • Eco-winegrowing 101 • Environmental Best Practice for Wineries • Environmental Best Practice for Winery Hospitality Services • Viticulture Pilot Addendum to the Canada-Ontario Environmental Farm Plan • Energy Best Practice for Wineries • Developing Energy Benchmarks for the Ontario Wine Industry • A Newcomer’s Primer — The Environment and the Wine Industry in Ontario • Reducing Waste and Making Money. A Concise and Practical Guide to Pollution Prevention in Wineries Additionally • Sustainable Winemaking Ontario — Environmental Best Practice for Wineries and Sustainable Winemaking Ontario-Environmental Best Practice for Winery Hospitality Services have also been developed as an interactive spreadsheet, allowing businesses to instantly receive feedback on their scoring and progress over time. • External funding was obtained to undertake research and present workshops to the industry around energy efficiency. As a result, tow additional documents were added to the initiative • Altech Environmental Consulting and Ontario Centre for Environmental Technology Advancement, Developing Energy Benchmarks for the Ontario Wine Industry, for the Wine Council of Ontario. • Narelle Martin, Energy Best Practice for Wineries, for the Wine Council of Ontario. • In addition, Niagara College is developing training programs for people currently working in the industry, as well as including more emphasis on environmental requirements and expectations for curriculum for new industry participants. Wine Council of Ontario

  15. Response to date • International interest in the initiative significant • Requests from Australia, Europe, United States • Canada • British Columbia is currently looking at developing their own charter • Opportunity to develop a Canada-wide module Wine Council of Ontario

  16. Sustainable Winemaking Ontario • Pilot Project in 2007 • Piloted in conjunction with Niagara College • Active engagement of Environmental Management students in evaluations and recommendations • 17 wineries onboard and self audited • Wineries have been submitting data since late 2007 • Year 2 • Currently collecting data fro 2008 participants • Goal of 40+ wineries to participate Wine Council of Ontario

  17. Key tool – Interactive Spreadsheets • Data easy to input • Time tracked for analysis of ease of use, reality check on time commitments to participate in the program Wine Council of Ontario

  18. Question page

  19. Scoring • Maximum score of 2570 possible, though highly unlikely • Also possible to score in the negatives Wine Council of Ontario

  20. Phase 1 Total Scores • Data compiled and presented as a histogram • Phase 1 data is strictly confidential, participating wineries are told which letter represents them • Reports to wineries will include recommendations for areas of improvement individual and industry as whole SAMPLE Wine Council of Ontario

  21. Analysis by category ongoing • Wineries were presented reports and benchmarks by category • Niagara College students researched best practices • Categories analyzed Wine Council of Ontario

  22. Water & Wastewater Management • Water must be managed to reduce environmental impact and comply with legislation • The criteria includes: • Water Quality • Water Consumption • Waterway Impacts • Drainage • Water Use and Conservation • Treatment of Wastewater Wine Council of Ontario

  23. Wastewater Management Analysis SAMPLE Wine Council of Ontario

  24. Energy Efficiency • Ensuring proper energy management practices • The criteria includes: • Monitoring • Refrigeration systems, tanks, lines • Lighting • Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) • Sustainable Power Sources • Alternative Vehicle Fuel Sources Wine Council of Ontario

  25. Examples of Best Practice: EastDell Estates • Installed a biofilter system that imitates cattail marshes to treat the winery’s wastewater. The system has drawn considerable attention for its environmentally friendly efficiency that treats the wastewater simply, naturally and relatively inexpensively. Wine Council of Ontario

  26. Example of Best Practice: Flat Rock Cellars • Flat Rock Cellars uses a geothermal system to heat and cool all the tanks in the winery as well as the winery and retail store building. This has reduced hydro use by 70% and lowered costs Wine Council of Ontario

  27. Winery Initiatives at Henry of Pelham • Low volume, high pressure water for cleaning, including barriques, steam sanitizing. Wine Council of Ontario

  28. High efficiency, auto on/off lighting Wine Council of Ontario

  29. Expansion of new cellars underground Reduces use of cooling and heating Reduces exterior footprint of buildings Wine Council of Ontario

  30. Insulation of all refrigerated tanks, ugly but effective Wine Council of Ontario

  31. Installation of Biofilters for water drained from the vineyards Wine Council of Ontario

  32. Planting of native vegetation in areas of the vineyard, as wildlife buffers Wine Council of Ontario

  33. Moving forward • Continuation of program with end goal of ALL Ontario wineries participating • Ongoing training and workshops • Debriefing ease of use of spreadsheet tools, analysis on time investments required • Assisting wineries one-on-one if required • Increase sustainability through education • Develop from analysis the current gaps training programs to assist wineries for improvement • Continuous improvement • Research other regions best practices and sustainable programs such as: • Biogas generation, • carbon labelling/footprinting • Participating and sharing information on other wine industry initiatives • Canadian Vintners Association developed a generic HACCP Plan (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) for wineries in Canada in conjunction with Ontario wineries and Guelph Food Technology Centre • OMAFRA (Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs) program similar to Environmental Farm Plan for food and beverage processors Wine Council of Ontario

  34. Future of program • Options for future • Certificate program • Develop the program to be a certification for participating wineries • Raise the bar higher • Branding opportunities • E.g. identification on labels • Communication to wineries • Newsletters • Workshops Wine Council of Ontario

  35. Conclusion Continuous improvement takes time Challenge to incorporate good environmental practice into business Good environmental practice is good business Ontario’s Wine Industry is committed to leading the way and is already seen as a leader in this field within Ontario agriculture and industry 35 Wine Council of Ontario

  36. Thank you for your interest in our Sustainable Winemaking Initiative Wine Council of Ontario