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North Carolina Cape Fear River Basin Plan. Final Scoping Meetings March 6, 7, and 8, 2001. North Carolina Cooperating Technical State Flood Mapping Program Overview. Purposes of the NFIP. 1. Make flood insurance available 2. Identify floodplain areas and flood risk zones

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North Carolina Cape Fear River Basin Plan

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north carolina cape fear river basin plan

North Carolina Cape Fear River Basin Plan

Final Scoping Meetings

March 6, 7, and 8, 2001

purposes of the nfip
Purposes of the NFIP

1. Make flood insuranceavailable

2. Identify floodplainareas and flood risk zones

3. Provide framework for a community’s floodplain management ordinances

importance of updated flood hazard information
Importance of Updated Flood Hazard Information
  • With up-to-date flood hazard data:
    • Map users can make prudent siting, design, and flood insurance purchase decisions
    • Communities can administer sound floodplain management programs
north carolina s flood mapping program
North Carolina’s Flood Mapping Program
  • Program established to implement the Cooperating Technical State (CTS) Partnership with FEMA, signed September 15, 2000
  • Ownership and responsibility for Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) delegatedto State
why north carolina is undertaking this project
Why North Carolina Is Undertaking This Project
  • State’s vulnerability to hurricanesand flooding
    • 14 federally declared disasters since 1989
    • Hurricane Floyd damages = $3.5 billion
    • 4,117 uninsured/under-insured homes destroyed as result of Hurricane Floyd
  • Accurate, up-to-date flood hazard information crucial to protect livesand property
why north carolina is undertaking this project1
Why North Carolina Is Undertaking This Project
  • Hurricane Floyd revealed flood hazard data and map limitations
  • Age of North Carolina FIRMS
    • 55% at least 10 years old
    • 75% at least 5 years old
  • FEMA’s mapping budget is finite
    • North Carolina receives only one updatedflood study for one county per year
  • Many counties and communities lack resources to take on this responsibility
benefits of north carolina s cts program
Benefits of North Carolina’s CTS Program
  • Current, accurate data for sound siting and design decisions
  • Better floodplain management to reduce long-term flood losses
  • Updated data to alert at-risk property owners of the need for flood insurance
  • Faster, less expensive FIRM updates
program components
Program Components
  • Developing flood hazard studies through community mapping needs analysis (Scoping)
  • Acquiring high-resolution topographic data and accurate Digital Elevation Models (DEMs)
  • Conducting engineering studies
  • Generating countywide digital FIRMs (DFIRMs)
  • Designing and implementing state-of-the-art, dynamic IT infrastructure
  • Supporting real-time flood forecasting and inundation mapping capability
digital firms




Flood Data


Digital FIRM


Digital FIRMs
digital firms1
Digital FIRMs
  • Digital FIRMs will be produced in a countywide format
  • Will depict all flood hazard data
  • FIRM panels will probably be consistent with the State land records 10,000’ by 10,000’ tiling scheme
community review and due process
Community Review and Due Process
  • Preliminary FIRMs provided when Cape Fear River Basin Study is complete
  • 90-day appeal period
  • Preliminary Countywide FIRMs provided when adjacent basin studies are complete
  • All appeals evaluated and resolved
  • Final Effective FIRMs provided and made available by the State on its Information Management System
additional benefits of the cts program
Additional Benefits of the CTS Program
  • Digital format to allow:
    • More efficient, precise flood risk determinations
    • Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis and planning
    • Online access 24 hours a day
  • DEMs will be useful for almost any engineering or planning application
cape fear river basin
Cape Fear River Basin
  • Extends from its headwaters near Greensboro and High Point in the north central Piedmont region of North Carolina to the Atlantic Ocean near Wilmington and Cape Fear
  • Largest river basin in North Carolina, encompassing an area of approximately 9,300 square miles
  • Encompasses all or parts of 29 counties and 110 municipalities
scoping phase for cape fear river basin
Scoping Phase for Cape Fear River Basin

The Scoping Phase determines:

  • What areas are floodprone and need flood hazard data developed
  • Determine appropriate technical method for developing up-to-date flood hazard data and establish priority level
  • How flood hazard data will be presented on FIRMs



Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Initial Research and Community Coordination

Initial Scoping Meeting

Draft Basin Plans

Final Scoping Meeting

Final Basin Plans


KickoffMeeting with County/Local Floodplain Administrators



Prepare Delivery Orders& CTC Mapping Activity Agreements & Update CTS Mapping Agreement

Develop Draft Basin Plans

MappingNeeds Assessment

Generate Initial Scoping Package

NCScoping Database

InitialScoping Meetings

Final Scoping Meetings

Finalize BasinPlans

Analysis and Mapping


EffectiveFIS & FIRM Research


Process for Scoping Six River Basinsin Eastern North Carolina


step 4 final scoping meeting
Step 4 — Final Scoping Meeting


  • All impacted counties and communities invited
  • Three separate Final Scoping Meetings:
    • March 6th – Haw River, NC
    • March 7th - Fayetteville, NC
    • March 8th – Burgaw, NC
  • Draft Cape Fear River Basin plan presented
  • Provides final opportunity for input
step 5 final basin plan
Step 5 — Final Basin Plan
  • Draft Basin Plan may be revised following the Final Scoping Meeting
  • Greenhorne & O’Mara, the State’s Floodplain Mapping Contractor for the Cape Fear River Basin, will develop proposals for the State
  • Cape Fear River Basin Plan will be finalized and distributed to impacted counties and communities
  • Production phase will then begin
north carolina cape fear river basin meeting

North Carolina Cape Fear River Basin Meeting


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draft cape fear river basin plan
Draft Cape Fear River Basin Plan
  • Summarizes scoping phase
  • Outlines how base maps and topography will be acquired
  • Proposes engineering methods by which each flooding source reach will be studied
  • Describes the process and schedule for completing the map production
detailed study riverine
Detailed Study — Riverine
  • This method requires the following:
    • DEMs
    • Field surveys
      • Channel bathymetry
      • Bridge/culvert opening geometry
      • Channel and floodplain characteristics
    • Detailed Hydrologic and Hydraulic Analyses
      • 10%, 2%, 1%, and 0.2% annual chance flood elevations and boundaries identified (Zone AE)
      • Floodways delineated
detailed study coastal
Detailed Study — Coastal

This method produces the following:

  • Floodplain mapping for areas alongopen coast and embayments
  • Designations as Zones AE or VE
  • This method requires the following:
    • Digital Elevation Data
    • Effective FIS flood elevations

Proposed for all areas currently shown on effective FIRM as Zone AE or VE and not being restudied

approximate study
Approximate Study
  • This method requires the following:
    • Digital Elevation Data
    • Delineation of 1% annual chance floodplain boundaries using approximate methods
    • Does not include collection/use of field-collected topographic data or bridge/culvert data

Proposed for all areas currently shown on effective FIRM as Zone A and not being restudied in detail.

use of effective information
Use of Effective Information
  • This method involves no new analyses or floodplain mapping
  • Effective FIS and FIRM data are digitized and fitted to updated base map

This method is not anticipated to be used for any communities in the Cape Fear River Basin

going beyond the minimum
Going Beyond the Minimum
  • Communities are encourgaged to manage floodplain development according to standards that are more stringent than FEMA minimums.
  • Benefits of adopting higher standards:
    • Reduced risk to lives and property, and
    • Lowered flood insurance premiums, including possible Community Rating System discounts.
community mapping options
Community Mapping Options
  • Community-adopted higher standards can be supported by optional map features shown digitally in a separate GIS layer, or possibly printed on the FIRM, or both.
  • Communities can have “customized” flood hazard data generated for their area through the NC Flood Mapping Program.
community mapping options continued
Community Mapping Options (continued)
  • Customized flood hazard data options:
    • 1% annual chance floodplains and elevations based on future land use conditions (in addition to existing conditions data),
    • Wider floodways based on a reduced surcharge value (i.e., less than the 1-foot FEMA maximum), and
community mapping options continued1
Community Mapping Options (continued)
  • Flood hazard data options: (continued)
    • Areas within a community-adopted “freeboard contours” (i.e., areas that would be inundated if floodwaters reached the freeboard level)
guidance for communities
Guidance for Communities
  • The State will provide guidance to communties on:
    • Selecting higher standards options that meet community needs,
    • Data the communities must provide (land use plan, etc.),
    • Potential community cost sharing to cover increased mapping costs,
higher standards continued
Higher Standards (continued)
  • State guidance: (continued)
    • Model Flood Hazard Damage Prevention ordinances that reflect enhanced floodplain management standards, and
    • Outreach programs for citizens and businesses affected by newly mapped flood hazard areas or updated ordinances.
north carolina cape fear river basin meeting1

North Carolina Cape Fear River Basin Meeting



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