MODULE 2 UNIT 5. Incident Command/ Unified Command. Unit 5 Learning Objective.
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At the completion of this unit the student will have a comprehensive understanding of ICS and Unified Command. The students will be able to fill out a complete report of an in class scenario using all of the standard ICS forms
provided in this unit and being able to act in any area of ICS specifically the Safety Officer and Operations Commander.
Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system used to organize emergency response. ICS offers a scalable response to an emergency (incident) of any magnitude, and provides a common framework within which people can work together.
The Incident Command System (ICS) was developed in the 1970s following a series of catastrophic fires in California's urban interface. Property damage ran into the millions, and many people died or were injured.
The following are descriptions and responsibilities of all the levels of incident Command.
These are standard descriptions and can be used as they are listed here in your own Field Operations Guide (FOG).
On most incidents, a single Incident Commander carries out the Command activity. The Incident Commander is selected through pre-designation, qualifications, or experience.
While a single Incident Commander normally handles the command function, an ICS organization may be expanded into a Unified Command for complex responses which cross jurisdictional boundaries or involve multiple agencies with geographic or functional jurisdiction.
Appendix A of your manual has all of the standard forms for classroom discussion and real world use.
The WMD Tech with the increased knowledge about the Incident Command System, should know how to implement the ICS that the department has in it’s emergency Response Plan. WMD Techs should also have the skill and knowledge to serve not only as the Safety Officer but also be able to serve as the emergency operations officer for on-scene activities.
The State of Ohio has an ERP. This plan coordinates state assets when they are needed to supplement local responders. Ohio’s Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency is responsible for maintaining and coordinating this plan.
Technicians should be aware that if local HazMat resources are exhausted additional resources can be obtained through mutual aid agencies, by agreements already in place throughout the state.
The Incident Commander should ensure that there is an appointed person for coordination of the necessary medical monitoring protocols. This most likely would be conducted with and appointment of an emergency medical manager by the incident commander for those responders entering and leaving the hot and warm zones.
WMD Techs should be aware of the resources that are available around them locally, regionally , statewide and Federally.
Each agency will have differences with how they handle the releases of public information. It is important for the Incident Commander to appoint a dedicated person to speak on behalf of the incident so that the same message is being transmitted to the media and the public with reference to the incident and how it is being handled and any special instructions that may be needed.
As a part of the on going evaluation processes of the incident, there is a constant need to weigh the evaluations looking for any risks that arise. If a particular risk is observed or noted, it is the responsibility of the appointed risk manager to assess the extent to which the risk exists and give the incident command reduction recommendations for a safer operation.