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MODULE 2 UNIT 5. Incident Command/ Unified Command. Unit 5 Learning Objective.

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module 2 unit 5
MODULE 2UNIT 5

Incident Command/

Unified Command

unit 5 learning objective
Unit 5 Learning Objective

At the completion of this unit the student will have a comprehensive understanding of ICS and Unified Command. The students will be able to fill out a complete report of an in class scenario using all of the standard ICS forms

provided in this unit and being able to act in any area of ICS specifically the Safety Officer and Operations Commander.

student performance objectives
Student Performance Objectives
  • Know and follow Incident Command System and Unified Command System procedures and steps required for implementation of each system. Understand how the two systems are to work together.
  • Know the Incident Command System and be able to follow Unified Command System procedures for integration and implementation of each system. Know how the systems integrate and support the incident. Be familiar with the overall operation of the two command systems and be able to assist in implementation of the Unified Command System if needed.
  • Know how to implement the Incident Command System that the department has in its emergency response plan. Have the skill and knowledge to serve as the emergency operations officer for on-scene activities.
student performance objectives4
Student Performance Objectives
  • Be able to implement the department’s emergency response plan as well as the local and regional emergency response plan. Know how to access local assets to help with on-scene emergency medical assistance. Coordinate these activities with the operations officer and on-scene incident commander.
  • Coordinate implementation of the necessary medical monitoring protocols with the emergency medical manager and the incident commander for those responders entering and leaving the hot and warm zones. Be able to assist in implementation of rehabilitation assistance to those emergency responders that suffer from heat stress or other problems that can be controlled or reduced on the scene.
  • Be aware of assets available from the department and from local and regional emergency response organizations, especially regarding handling specialized hazards or threats that may occur on the scene of a potential WMD event. Know how to obtain desired assets for on-the-scene support, if needed.
student performance objectives5
Student Performance Objectives
  • Be aware of assets available from regional, State, and Federal sources pertaining to handling EMS response and public health needs on the scene of a potential WMD event. Know how to coordinate with the operations officer and the incident commander requests for desired assets for on-the-scene support, if needed.
  • Be able to identify department, local, regional, and State assets that are relevant to the HazMat response team.
  • Know and follow protocols for working and coordinating with other agencies under the Unified Command System to handle specialized hazards and threats on the scene of a potential WMD event.
  • Know and follow protocols, procedures, and practices for working with and coordinating assignments with other agencies under the Unified Command System.
student performance objectives6
Student Performance Objectives
  • Understand and know how to implement termination procedures at the close of an emergency response incident. Be able to assist the incident commander in completing required documentation related to the termination procedures, including appropriate measures for cost recovery.
  • Know how to conduct or assist in conducting a critique of the actions taken during the complete response to the WMD and/or hazardous materials event. Be able to assist the incident commander or designee in conducting the incident critique and in identifying lessons learned. Assist in determining what improvements need to be made before the next emergency response to a potential WMD event, especially improvements specific to law enforcement and special operations.
student performance objectives7
Student Performance Objectives
  • Be able to conduct or assist in conducting a critique of the actions taken during the complete response to a WMD event. Assist in documenting lessons learned from the critique as they pertain to HazMat response activities. Assist in identifying what improvements need to be made by the HazMat response team before the next HazMat or WMD event.
  • Coordinate with the on-scene incident commander strategies to mitigate on-scene hazards that could endanger emergency responders or the public.
  • Understand the importance of and know how to implement termination procedures at the close of an emergency response to a WMD or hazardous materials event. Be able to assist the incident commander in completing required documentation related to the termination procedures, including measures for cost recovery.
  • Know and follow departmental guidelines in dealing with the local media during a potential WMD event.
incident command system
Incident Command System

Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system used to organize emergency response. ICS offers a scalable response to an emergency (incident) of any magnitude, and provides a common framework within which people can work together.

examples of where to use ics
Examples of where to use ICS
  • Fire, both structural and wild land.
  • Medical, when there are multiple patients
  • Inter-agency, where different agencies must work together
  • Natural disasters, such as tornadoes, floods, ice storms or earthquakes.
  • Human, animal and plant disease / pest outbreaks.
  • Search and rescue missions.
  • Hazardous materials incidents.
  • Criminal acts and crime scene investigations.
  • Terrorist incidents, including the use of weapons of mass destruction.
  • National Special Security Events, such as Presidential visits or the Super Bowl.
  • Other planned events, such as parades or demonstrations.
how ics helps
How ICS Helps
  • Meets the needs of incidents of any kind
  • Allows personnel from various agencies to mold into a common management structure
  • Provides logistical and administrative support to operational staff
  • Is cost effective by avoiding duplication of efforts
history of ics
History of ICS

The Incident Command System (ICS) was developed in the 1970s following a series of catastrophic fires in California's urban interface. Property damage ran into the millions, and many people died or were injured.

organization of ics
Organization of ICS
  • Command
  • Finance / Admin
  • Logistics
  • Operations
  • Planning
  • Public Information Officer
  • Safety Officer
  • Liaison Officer
levels of incident command
Levels of Incident Command

The following are descriptions and responsibilities of all the levels of incident Command.

These are standard descriptions and can be used as they are listed here in your own Field Operations Guide (FOG).

command element
Command Element

On most incidents, a single Incident Commander carries out the Command activity. The Incident Commander is selected through pre-designation, qualifications, or experience.

unified command
Unified Command

While a single Incident Commander normally handles the command function, an ICS organization may be expanded into a Unified Command for complex responses which cross jurisdictional boundaries or involve multiple agencies with geographic or functional jurisdiction.

ics command staff
ICS Command Staff
  • Incident Commander
  • Information Officer
  • Safety Officer
  • Liaison Officer
  • Agency Representative
  • National Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) Representative
  • Incident Investigation
operations staff
Operations Staff
  • Operations Section Chief
  • Staging Area Manager
  • Branch Director
  • Division / Group Supervisor
  • Strike Team / Task Force Leader
  • Single Resource
operations continued
Operations Continued
  • Recovery & Protection Branch Director
  • Protection Group Supervisor
  • On Water Recovery Group Supervisor
  • Dispersants Operations Group Supervisor
  • Shore Side Recovery Group Supervisor
  • Disposal Group Supervisor
operations continued19
Operations Continued
  • Emergency Response Branch Director
  • Search & Rescue (SAR) Group Supervisor
  • Salvage / Source Control Group Supervisor
  • Fire Suppression Group Supervisor
  • Hazardous Materials Group Supervisor
  • Medical (EMS) Group Supervisor
  • Law Enforcement Group Supervisor
operations continued20
Operations Continued
  • Wildlife Branch Director
  • Wildlife Recovery Group Supervisor
  • Wildlife Rehabilitation Center Manager
planning section
Planning Section
  • Planning Section Chief
  • Situation Unit Leader
  • Display Processor
  • Field Observer
  • Geographic Information System Specialist
  • Resource Unit Leader
planning continued
Planning Continued
  • Check-In / Status Recorder
  • Volunteer Coordinator
  • Documentation Unit Leader
  • Demobilization Unit Leader
  • Environmental Unit Leader
planning continued23
Planning Continued
  • Technical Specialist
  • Scientific Support Coordinator
  • Sampling Specialist
  • Response Technologies Specialist
  • Trajectory Analysis Specialist
  • Weather Forecast Specialist
planning continued24
Planning Continued
  • Resources at Risk (RAR) Specialist
  • Shoreline Cleanup Assessment Specialist
  • Historical / Cultural Resource Specialist
  • Disposal (Waste Management) Specialist
  • Legal Specialist
  • Human Resources Specialist
logistics section
Logistics Section
  • Logistics Section Chief
  • Service Branch Director
  • Communications Unit Leader
  • Medical Unit Leader
  • Food Unit Leader
  • Support Branch Director
logistics section continued
Logistics Section Continued
  • Supply Unit Leader
  • Ordering Manager
  • Receiving 7 Distribution Manager
  • Facilities Unit Leader
  • Security Manager
  • Ground Support Unit Leader
  • Vessel Support Unit Leader
finance section
Finance Section
  • Finance / Administration Section Chief
  • Cost Unit Leader
  • Time Unit Leader
  • Equipment Time Recorder
  • Personal Time Recorder
  • Procurement Unit Leader
  • Compensation / Claims Unit Leader
standard ics forms
Standard ICS Forms

Appendix A of your manual has all of the standard forms for classroom discussion and real world use.

ics at wmd scene
ICS at WMD Scene

The WMD Tech with the increased knowledge about the Incident Command System, should know how to implement the ICS that the department has in it’s emergency Response Plan. WMD Techs should also have the skill and knowledge to serve not only as the Safety Officer but also be able to serve as the emergency operations officer for on-scene activities.

emergency response plans
Emergency Response Plans

The State of Ohio has an ERP. This plan coordinates state assets when they are needed to supplement local responders. Ohio’s Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency is responsible for maintaining and coordinating this plan.

Technicians should be aware that if local HazMat resources are exhausted additional resources can be obtained through mutual aid agencies, by agreements already in place throughout the state.

medical monitoring
Medical Monitoring

The Incident Commander should ensure that there is an appointed person for coordination of the necessary medical monitoring protocols. This most likely would be conducted with and appointment of an emergency medical manager by the incident commander for those responders entering and leaving the hot and warm zones.

asset acquisition
Asset Acquisition

WMD Techs should be aware of the resources that are available around them locally, regionally , statewide and Federally.

termination procedures
Termination Procedures
  • Debriefing
  • Critique
  • After Action
  • Lessons Learned
  • Documentation
public information
Public Information

Each agency will have differences with how they handle the releases of public information. It is important for the Incident Commander to appoint a dedicated person to speak on behalf of the incident so that the same message is being transmitted to the media and the public with reference to the incident and how it is being handled and any special instructions that may be needed.

risk reduction
Risk Reduction

As a part of the on going evaluation processes of the incident, there is a constant need to weigh the evaluations looking for any risks that arise. If a particular risk is observed or noted, it is the responsibility of the appointed risk manager to assess the extent to which the risk exists and give the incident command reduction recommendations for a safer operation.