Executive Briefing. This briefing is designed as a stand alone briefing for Airline Senior Executives / CEOs. Minor text amendments following review at Cario CAAG meeting. DJG 30 Mar 2002. The Balance of Risk.
This briefing is designed as a stand alone briefing for Airline Senior Executives / CEOs.
Minor text amendments following review at Cario CAAG meeting.
DJG 30 Mar 2002
Business depends on the balance of risks, often accomplished by the fine judgement of financial strategy.
But have you considered the financial consequences from poorly judged flight safety strategy ?
Could your operation survive an Approach and Landing Accident; would it change the financial balance ?
Could it happen to you ?
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This briefing examines the need for management attention to the flight safety aspects of approach and landing accidents (ALA).
Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) together with ALA account for the highest number of fatalities and aircraft hull losses respectively.
The Flight Safety Foundation has produced a training aid – the Approach and Landing Accident Reduction Tool Kit. All pilots should be aware of the contents of this safety aid.
Awareness of the risks and provision of training to combat the threat are the primary management tools in risk reduction.
Fitting TAWS to all of your aircraft may appear to be expensive.
How much will an accident cost?
Require that all approaches use precision or precision like approach aids. Fly the final approach with a stabilised flight path.
If the approach to land is not going as anticipated then require the crew to go around. It is better financial judgement to have a safe arrival before an on time arrival.
Promote the safety concept that it is OK to go around.
SOPs can reduce risks during flight operations.
They must be the basis of training and checking. They enhance crew co-ordination and communication.
Where both pilots are aware of the company limits, the monitoring pilot knows when and how to alert the operating pilot, this enables optimum cockpit resource management.
An approach briefing gives the crew a common understanding of how the approach and landing is expected to progress
Approach procedures are constructed such that adequate terrain clearance is provided during the approach and landing.
Ensure that the crew call when the instrument first indicates. Always call 1000ft and 500ft above terrain; if these calls come at an unexpected time the crew should be aware of an error.
It could be someone else’s error
All skills can be trained and improved.
When TAWS or GPWS gives the alert “Pull Up” then Pull Up.
Use management tools such as FOQA or LOSA.
FOQA – Flight Operations Quality Assurance is a process of routinely monitoring aircraft data for abnormal operation.
This tells you what is happening in your airline.
LOSA – Line Operations Safety Assessment is a human overview of the operation, the procedures, and the people.
This tells you why things are happening in your airline.
Airline ceased operations
Aircraft written offThe Cost of an Accident ?
Use the ALAR Tool Kit to balance the risks;
ensure that an approach and landing accident does not happen to you.
The ALAR Tool Kit is available on CD-ROM from the
Flight Safety Foundation
Suite 300, 601 Madison Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-1756 U.S.Telephone: +1 (703) 739-6700 Fax: +1 (703) 739-6708