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CBER Executive Staff Briefing. Status and Priorities October 26, 2010 Robert Yetter, PhD Associate Director for Review Management Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Food and Drug Administration. CBER Our Vision. Innovative Technology Advancing Public Health

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cber executive staff briefing
CBER Executive Staff Briefing

Status and Priorities

October 26, 2010

Robert Yetter, PhD Associate Director for Review Management Center for Biologics Evaluation and ResearchFood and Drug Administration

cber our vision
CBER Our Vision

Innovative Technology Advancing

Public Health

  • Protect and improve public and individual health in the US and globally
  • Facilitate development, approval, and access to safe and effective products and promising new technologies
  • Strengthen CBER as a pre-eminent regulatory organization for biologics
cber our mission
CBER Our Mission

To ensure the safety, purity, potency, and effectiveness of biological products, including vaccines, blood and blood products, and cells, tissues, and gene therapies for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human diseases, conditions, or injury; and help to defend the public against the threats of emerging infectious diseases and bioterrorism

cber organization
CBER Organization

OFFICE OF THE CENTER DIRECTOR

Director: Karen Midthun, MDAssociate Director for Policy: Diane Maloney, JD

Associate Director for Review Management: Robert Yetter, PhD

Associate Director for Research: Carolyn Wilson, PhD

Associate Director for Quality Assurance: Sheryl Lard-Whiteford, PhD

Office of ManagementDirector: James SiggDeputy: Deirdre Hussey

Office of Vaccines Researchand Review Director: Norman Baylor, PhDDeputy: Marion Gruber, PhD

Office of Cellular, Tissueand Gene Therapies Director: Celia Witten, MD, PhDDeputy: Stephanie Simek, PhD

Office of Biostatistics and EpidemiologyDirector: Robert Ball, MD, MPHDeputy: Steven Anderson, PhD

Office of Communication, Outreach and DevelopmentDirector: Lorrie McNeillDeputy: Joanne Binkley

Office of Blood Researchand Review Director: Jay Epstein, MDDeputy: Ginette Michaud, MD

Office of Complianceand Biologics QualityDirector: Mary MalarkeyDeputy (Acting): Jalena Specht, JD

Divisions

Divisions

Divisions

Divisions

Divisions

Divisions

Divisions

Manufacturers Assistance

Leslie Wheelock

Disclosure and Ovresight Mgt

Susan Frantz-Bohn

Communication & Consumer Affairs

Diane Bartell

Blood Applications: Richard Davey

Hematology:

Basil Golding

Emerging & Transfusion-Transmitted Dis.: Hira Nakhasi

Case Management: Robert SausvilleManufacturing & Product Quality: John Eltermann

Inspections & Surveillance: Gilliam Conley

Epidemiology: Rickey Wilson

Biostatistics: Henry Hsu

Cell & Gene Therapy: Raj Puri

Clin. Eval. & Pharm./Tox.: Wilson Bryan/Mercedes Serabian

Human Tissues: Ellen Lazarus

Bacterial, Parasitic & Allergenic Products: Milan Blake

Viral Products:Jerry Weir

Vaccines & Related Product Applications:Wellington Sun

Product Quality: William McCormick

Planning, Eval & Budget

Karen O’Brien

Program Services

David Leffler

Scientific Advisors & Consultants

William Freas

Veterinary Services

Philip Snoy

our products
Our Products
  • Blood Derivatives
  • Whole Blood
  • Blood Components
  • Selected Devices
  • Human Tissues
  • Vaccines (preventive and therapeutic)
  • AllergenicProducts
  • Cell & Gene Therapies
  • Xenotransplantation products
cber strategic priorities
CBER Strategic Priorities
  • Enhance the nation’s public health preparedness
  • Protect and promote public health globally
  • Keep patients and products safe
  • Improve the quality and safety of biological products
  • Bring innovative products to patients
  • Strengthen our human resources and performance
cber s 2010 actions to address key agency initiatives
CBER’s 2010 Actions to Address Key Agency Initiatives

Safety

Transparency

National and Global Public Health

Regulatory Science

Enhanced Regulatory Processes

cber s integrated safety teams pooling our expertise
CBER’s Integrated Safety Teams:Pooling our Expertise
  • 3 Product-based teams
    • Tissue Safety Team
    • Blood Safety Team
    • Vaccine Safety Team
  • With multi-disciplinary collaborations within CBER
    • Product office (blood, tissue or vaccines)
    • Office of Biostatistics & Epidemiology
    • Office of Compliance & Biologics Quality
    • Office of Communication, Outreach & Development
    • Office of the Center Director
cber safety teams 2
CBER Safety Teams (2)
  • Multi-disciplinary teams (epidemiologists, clinical/product reviewers, compliance/manufacturing experts, communications) to improve acquisition, analysis, and communication of safety information
  • Encompass entire product life cycle
  • Use data - evaluate emerging safety issues
  • Coordinate FDA response to issues with others
  • Enhance collaboration with other gov’ts., WHO, etc.
  • Proactive: contribute to research, policy, outreach
fdaaa safety activities
FDAAA Safety Activities
  • Center Activities:
    • Cross-Office Center group
    • Part of Cross-Center Agency group
  • Focus on:
    • Safety Labeling Changes
    • REMS Considerations
    • Post-marketing Requirements
cber post marketing safety collaborations
CBER Post-Marketing Safety Collaborations
  • Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (with CDC)
  • Centers for Medicaid & Medicare Services (CMS): 45 million enrollees
  • Department of Defense
  • Vaccine Safety Database (managed by CDC)
  • Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Indian Health Service
  • Post-Licensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring (linking state immunization registries with health care database medical records)
  • International collaborations (e.g., WHO and many regulatory and public health agencies worldwide)
slide13

2011 Priorities:Transparency*Overarching Agency Initiative to Enhance Communications in All Areas*CBER Continues to Facilitate the Development of Safe and Effective Biological Products

communication to facilitate product development
Communication to Facilitate Product Development
  • Guidance
  • Workshops
  • Advisory Committees
recent cber guidances pathways for developing innovative cell gene therapy products
RECENT CBER GUIDANCESPathways for DevelopingInnovative Cell & Gene Therapy Products
  • Final:
    • Minimally manipulated, unrelated allogeneic placental/ umbilical cord blood intended for hematopoietic reconstitution for specified indications (10/09)
      • How to pursue licensure
    • Considerations for Allogeneic Pancreatic Islet Cell Products(9/09)
  • Draft:
    • Investigational New Drug Applications (INDs) for Minimally Manipulated, Unrelated Allogeneic Placental/Umbilical Cord Blood Intended for Hematopoietic Reconstitution for Specified Indications (10/09)
      • Patient access to life-saving products
    • Clinical Considerations for Therapeutic Cancer Vaccines (9/09)
    • Somatic Cell Therapy for Cardiac Disease (3/09)
workshops on cellular products
Workshops on Cellular Products
  • Public Workshop on Cell and Gene Therapy Clinical Trials in Pediatric Populations -upcoming Nov 2, 2010
  • Cord Blood Licensure: A Workshop – March 8-9, 2010
  • FDA/NCI Workshop: Therapeutic Cancer Vaccines; Considerations for Early Phase Clinical Trials Based on Lessons Learned from Phase III - October 27, 2009
blood safety guidances addressing agents of emerging infectious diseases
Blood Safety Guidances Addressing Agents of Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Guidance for Industry: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): Testing, Product Disposition, and Donor Deferral and Reentry(May 2010)
  • Guidance for Industry: Revised Preventive Measures to Reduce the Possible Risk of Transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) by Blood and Blood Products (May 2010)
  • Draft Guidance for Industry:Recommendations for the Assessment of Blood Donor Suitability, Blood Product Safety, & Preservation of the Blood Supply in Response to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus(11/13/2009)
  • Guidance for Industry:Use of Nucleic Acid Tests to Reduce the Risk of Transmission of West Nile Virus from Donors of Whole Blood and Blood Components Intended for Transfusion(11/6/2009)
blood and tissue safety
Blood and Tissue Safety

Workshops Addressing Emerging Infectious Diseases

& Blood Safety

Public Workshops:

  • Quantitative Risk Assessment: Blood Safety and Availability Public Workshop -May 13, 2010
  • Emerging Infectious Diseases: Evaluation to Implementation for Transfusion and Transplantation Safety –May 11 -12, 2010
  • Emerging Arboviruses: Evaluating the Threat to Transfusion and Transplantation Safety – December 14-15, 2009
vaccines guidance advisory committee meetings
Vaccines: Guidance/ Advisory Committee Meetings
  • Public Meeting on Animal Models—Essential Elements to Address Efficacy Under the Animal Rule; and Reopening of Comment Period (Docket No. FDA–2009–D–0007)-upcoming November 5, 2010
  • Guidance for Industry:Characterization and Qualification of Cell Substrates and Other Biological Materials Used in the Production of Viral Vaccines for Infectious Disease Indications-March 2010
  • Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee (VRBPAC)-May 7, 2010 :
    • majority of the advisory committee members expressed support for the continued use of Rotarix and RotaTeq and stated that the vaccine’s benefits far outweigh the theoretical risks posed by PCV.
2011 priorities global collaboration to improve public health
2011 Priorities:Global Collaboration to Improve Public Health
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Worldwide collaboration on emerging pubic health threats
  • Countermeasures against bioterrorism
  • Worldwide collaboration to address product quality, safety, and availability
challenge h1n1 pandemic
Challenge: H1N1 Pandemic
  • H1N1 response central to CBER’s international activities
    • CBER agreed to be Reference NRA for WHO vaccine prequalification for multiple H1N1 vaccines
    • CBER provides technical assistance to developing countries via WHO
    • FDA continues to work with international authorities so that data from other countries can inform US decision-making
cber s who engagements
CBER’s WHO Engagements
  • CBER serves as reference NRA [National Regulatory Authority] for a number of WHO prequalified vaccines
  • Collaborating Center (CC) for Biological Standardization since 1998
  • Large Spectrum of Activities as CC, e.g.:
    • Expert Committee on Biological Standards
    • Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety
    • Advisory Committee on HIV Vaccines
    • Blood Regulators Network
    • PAHO Training on post-marketing surveillance
    • Work with WHO developing countries’ networks
regulatory dialogue
Regulatory Dialogue
  • Confidentiality arrangements with a number of regulatory agencies
    • European Medicines Agency (EMA)
      • Product “clusters” reflecting routine, on-going dialogue; newest cluster = Blood Products (Feb 2010)
      • Parallel scientific advice
      • Staff exchanges in areas of vaccines and cell, tissue & gene therapies
    • Health Canada
      • Sharing regulatory information on ad hoc basis
      • Mutual learning on training of staff
harmonization efforts
Harmonization Efforts
  • ICH (USA, Europe, Japan) 2009/10 highlights
    • 1st ICH guideline on gene therapy taken up
    • Progress on interface between ICH and Standards Development Organizations
    • Expansion of Global Cooperation Group to additional individual countries
  • Global Harmonization Task Force (GHTF)
    • Efforts to harmonize medical device regulatory requirements & terminology
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
    • Life Sciences Innovation Forum, regulatory harmonization efforts launched in 2009
  • Pharmaceutical Inspection Cooperation Scheme
regulatory science 2011 priorities using science and regulation to advance product development and
Regulatory Science2011 Priorities:Using Science and Regulation to Advance Product Developmentand

Improve Product Safety

the cber model
The CBER Model
  • CBER research contributes to regulatory policy, risk assessments, new methods & standards, and changes to product labeling
  • CBER researchers are fully integrated into review process
  • Together with others contribute to policy documents
  • Meet with sponsors and advisory committees
  • Evaluate adverse drug reactions and do risk assessment
influenza program cber s role
Influenza Program: CBER’s Role
  • Developsnew high-growth influenza virus reference strains for vaccines
  • Evaluatesmanufacturers’ influenza seed viruses before vaccine production
  • Preparesinfluenza virus reagents to determine potency of influenza vaccines
  • Expanded post-market ongoing safety assessment

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

examples cber research based activities to facilitate product development
Examples:CBER Research–BasedActivities to Facilitate Product Development
  • Rapid influenza hemagglutinin (HA) antibody reagent produced by recombinant techniques(no need to grow whole virus, then purify HA to assess vaccine potency)
  • Expedited influenza vaccine reagent calibration processand development of back-up procedures to ensure availability
  • New technologies to determine vaccine potency without using antibodies – for influenza vaccines (e.g., cell culture-derived, adjuvanted, DNA, recombinant protein-based, virus-like particles)
meeting challenges to advance and enhance regulatory processes
Meeting Challenges to Advance and Enhance Regulatory Processes
  • Some Challenges: new & on-going
    • New laws/regulations (e.g., FDAAA, PREA, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
      • Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009-“Biosimiliars”Sections 7001-7003 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law No. 111-148) 
    • PDUFA V- Reauthorization; Legislative authority expires Sept 2012
    • Adoption/implementation of new standards (e.g., SPL, CDISC/SDTM and other computer standards)
    • Regulatory processes for innovative new products (especially for treatment of serious and/or rare conditions)
meeting challenges to advance and enhance regulatory processes1
Meeting Challenges to Advance and Enhance Regulatory Processes
  • Some Responses
    • Workgroups to address new laws, regulations
    • Enhanced reviewer training
    • Public Workshops and Guidance development
      • Approval Pathway for Biosimilar and Interchangeable Biological Products Public Meeting (upcoming Nov 2-3, 2010)
        • http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/NewsEvents/ucm221688.htm
    • Safety Reporting Rule (9/28/10) Final Rule: Investigational New Drug Safety Reporting Requirements for Human Drug and Biological Products and Safety Reporting Requirements for Bioavailability and Bioequivalance Studies in Humans
    • Standards development
a few notable 2010 cber approvals
A Few Notable 2010 CBER Approvals
  • Menveo (meningococcal conjugate vaccine) to prevent invasive meningococcal disease
  • Prevnar 13 vaccine against more pneumococcal typesa broadened vaccine to prevent invasive pneumococcal disease in infants and young children
  • Prism automated blood screening antibody assay for automated detection of Chagas Disease
  • Provenge - autologous cellular immunotherapy for treatment of hormone refractory prostate cancer
acknowledgments
Acknowledgments
  • Karen Midthun
  • David Cho
  • Joan Wilmarth Blair
  • Mary Pat Leary
resources contact
Resources/Contact
  • Consumer Questions about Products - Please direct all consumer questions about biological products to ocod@fda.hhs.gov
  • Manufacturers Assistance - Please direct all manufacturers' assistance questions to matt@fda.hhs.gov