Delivering content on a PDA Andy Ramsden Learning Technology Adviser Learning Technology Support Service http://www.ltss.bris.ac.uk http://www.mobile-learning.blog-city.com Innovative ways of delivering, creating and using content on a Handheld
aims of this presentation • To demonstrate some of the content types that can be used on a PDA. • From the design perspective look at some of the issues associated with the design and development of content for a PDA. • Unpackage some uses of a PDA within an educational context
what I’m not … • An evangelist for mobile learning • A technical person What I’d like you to be … • Open minded to the possibilities of mobile learning • focussing on the technical issues associated with mobile learning, i.e., different devices, interoperability, and content management.
what content do you want on your PDA? On a piece of paper list the types of content you’d imagine would be used on a PDA (mobile device).
some content types • Word document/text file/PDF • Still image • Video • Audio • Simulation/game • ebook • Spreadsheet/database • Email • Web sites • News summaries (RSS feeds) • Interactive exercises • ???
what do you want to do with the content? On a piece of paper write down the sort of elearning activities you might expect students to undertake on their mobile device(s)
i’m not collecting your views … however Hold onto those bits of paper, and I’ll hopefully discuss some of them during the rest of this presentation
placing into context • The design process • User focused • Iterative process • Continual evaluation
Developing content: The Design Process“Relaxed Figure of 8 Model” Original aims & objectives Aims & objectives Software Hardware Staffing Learning design Usability Evaluation Legal issues Budget Accessibility Audience Pedagogy Screen design Publish adapted from Cook, Ramsden, Sims & Timmis (2004)
publishing issues (content isn’t static) cable • Implications • File Size • Connectivity
Screen design issues • Maximise the student satisfaction, w.r.t., • Reading • Writing
enhancing reading on a PDA Teacher Produces word document • Benefits • The player is free • Multi-platform • Low threshold technology Teacher converts into Mobipocket version Teacher uploads to VLE course Student feedback on usability www.mobipocket.com
writing: text input on a PDA When designing the activity minimise the quantity of text required to be input on the PDA. Implications Redesign the learning activity to minimise text entry
text entry is slow and prone to errors I’m having a great time. Hope is all well with you; chat soon. My new number is 55 what’s yours? Ramsden (2004), Mobile Learning, pg 87
writing your reflective log http://ramble.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ http://www.pocketblogger.net/
1-2-1 & 1-2-many communication “Skype is a little program for making free calls over the internet to anyone else who also has Skype. It’s free and easy to download and use, and works with most computers” and on the Pocket PC platform – so says skype.com http://www.skype.com/
group working in the classroom eBeam - http://www.e-beam.com/
Using RSS to pull it all together http://www.happyjackroad.net/pocketpc/pocketRSS/pocketRSS.asp
Find out about your students Given the following would you recommend that a lecture starts to use podcasting? What type of podcasting would you recommend? How integrated should be as a central delivery tool?
Engineering students @ UoB • Do you have access to your own computer when at University? Y = 88%, N = 12% • If yes, do you have access to the internet during term time on this computer? Y = 98%, N = 2% • Do you own a mobile mp3 player? Y = 60%, N = 40% • Do you own a mobile phone? Y = 100% • Does your mobile phone play mp3 files? Y = 45%, N = 55% • On average how often do you download music from the Internet? • a) more than one song a week, 41% • b) about one song every two weeks, 28% • Have you ever subscribed to a podcast? Y = 15%, N = 85% Survey – sample = 50 (response rate = 18%) – Nov 2005
conclusions Delivery of content to a PDA is relatively simple, and becoming easier over time. Key issues include infrastructure at the institutions and support. Success is based upon using the PDA as an extension of the PC, especially wr.t. the transfer and storage of content, while aligning the elearning task to the strengths of the technology.
now it’s your turn … any questions? http://www.mobile-learning.blog-city.com http://www.handheldlearning.co.uk email@example.com