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Big Question: What information and pleasure can people gain by observing nature?. Title: Night Letters Author: Palmyra LoMonaco Illustrator: Normand Chartier Genre: Realistic Fiction. Small Group Timer. Spelling Words. clock large page mark kitten judge crack edge

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big question what information and pleasure can people gain by observing nature

Big Question: What information and pleasure can people gain by observing nature?

Title:

Night Letters

Author:

Palmyra LoMonaco

Illustrator:

Normand Chartier

Genre:

Realistic Fiction

spelling words
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
vocabulary words
Vocabulary Words
  • blade
  • budding
  • dew
  • fireflies
  • flutter
  • notepad
  • patch
  • nectar
  • scratchy
  • downwind
  • glimpse
  • gurgled

Vocabulary Words

More Words to Know

big question what information and pleasure can people gain by observing nature5
Big Question: What information and pleasure can people gain by observing nature?
  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
today we will learn about
Today we will learn about:
  • Build Concepts
  • Draw Conclusions
  • Ask Questions
  • Build Background
  • Vocabulary
  • Fluency: Appropriate Phrasing
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/
  • Observing Nature
monday8

Monday

Fluency:

Appropriate Phrasing

fluency appropriate phrasing
Fluency: Appropriate Phrasing
  • Listen as I read “Wildlife Watching.”
  • As I read, notice how I group words together into phrases.
  • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
fluency appropriate phrasing10
Fluency: Appropriate Phrasing
  • Why do you think the trail the narrator traveled was “familiar?”
  • What kind of person do you think the narrator is?
vocabulary words15
Vocabulary Words
  • blade – a leaf of grass
  • budding – putting forth small swellings on the plant that will grow into leaves, branches, or flowers
  • dew – the moisture from the air that collects in small drops on cool surfaces during the night
  • flutter – to flap the wings
vocabulary words16
Vocabulary Words
  • fireflies – small insects that give off flashes of light when they fly
  • notepad – a small book of blank or lined sheets of paper in which you write notes or things that you need to learn or remember
  • patch – a small piece of ground that is different from what surrounds it
other vocabulary words
Other Vocabulary Words
  • nectar – sweet sap, or liquid, produced by a flower
  • scratchy – rough, making scratches on your skin
  • downwind – in the same direction as the wind
  • glimpse – a very quick look
  • gurgled – made a bubbling sound
  • Next slide
monday26

Monday

Grammar:

Subject-Verb Agreement

slide27

the fireflys lands on my jaket.

  • The fireflies land on my jacket.
  • the many fireflies’s lights look like stars on a Summer night
  • The many fireflies’ lights look like stars on a summer night.
subject verb agreement
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • A hawkmoth rests on a crisp blade of grass.
  • The subject of the sentence, hawkmoth, is singular.
  • An s is added to the verb, rest, to agree with the subject.
subject verb agreement29
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The subject and the verb in a sentence must work together, or agree.
  • To make most present-tense verbs agree with singular nouns or he, she, or it, add –s.
  • If the subject is a plural noun or I, you, we, or they, the present-tense verb does not end in –s.
subject verb agreement30
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • A form of be in a sentence also must agree with the subject.
  • Use am, is, or was to agree with singular nouns.
  • Use are or were to agree with plural nouns.
subject verb agreement31
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Singular Subject:
  • The sunsets late on a summer day.
  • Helistens to crickets.
  • Plural Subject:
  • The girlsplay outside until dark.
  • Ising a song.
subject verb agreement32
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Singular Subject:
  • The moonis shining brightly.
  • The moonwas full.
  • Plural Subject:
  • Firefliesare lighting the sky.
  • They were everywhere.
subject verb agreement choose the verb in that agrees with the subject
Subject-Verb AgreementChoose the verb in ( ) that agrees with the subject.
  • Two deer (are, is) standing in the clearing.
  • are
  • David (step, steps) on a branch.
  • steps
  • The animals (looks, look) frightened.
  • look
subject verb agreement choose the verb in that agrees with the subject34
Subject-Verb AgreementChoose the verb in ( ) that agrees with the subject.
  • The boy (watch, watches) them run away.
  • watches
  • The forest (is, are) full of little creatures.
  • is
subject verb agreement choose the verb in that agrees with the subject35
Subject-Verb AgreementChoose the verb in ( ) that agrees with the subject.
  • Rabbits (run, runs) through the bushes.
  • run
  • Mice (hides, hide) in holes.
  • hide
  • They (is, are) afraid of bigger animals
  • are
monday36

Monday

Spelling:

Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/

spelling words37
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
today we will learn about39
Today we will learn about:
  • Spellings of /j/, /k/, /s/
  • Word Structure – Compound Words
  • Draw Conclusions
  • Ask Questions
  • Develop Vocabulary
  • Fluency: Choral Reading
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/
  • Weather Patterns
  • Observing Nature
night letters

Night Letters

Pages 334 - 343

tuesday42

Tuesday

Fluency:

Appropriate Phrasing

fluency choral reading
Fluency: Choral Reading
  • Turn to page 340.
  • As I read, notice how I pause at commas and group words together in phrases.
  • Together we will practice doing three choral readings of page 340.
tuesday44

Tuesday

Grammar:

Subject-Verb Agreement

slide45

large moths flies around the porch at night

  • Large moths fly around the porch at night.
  • they looks a litle like butterflys
  • They look a little like butterflies.
subject verb agreement46
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The subject and the verb in a sentence must work together, or agree.
  • To make most present-tense verbs agree with singular nouns or he, she, or it, add –s.
  • If the subject is a plural noun or I, you, we, or they, the present-tense verb does not end in –s.
tuesday47

Tuesday

Spelling:

Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/

spelling words48
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
today we will learn about50
Today we will learn about:
  • Draw Conclusions
  • Ask Questions
  • Author’s Purpose
  • Develop Vocabulary
  • Fluency: Appropriate Phrasing
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/
  • Observing Nature
night letters51

Night Letters

Pages 344 - 351

wednesday52

Wednesday

Fluency:

Appropriate Phrasing

fluency choral reading53
Fluency: Choral Reading
  • Turn to page 346.
  • As I read notice how I pause at commas and group words together in phrases.
  • Together we will practice doing three choral readings of page 346.
wednesday54

Wednesday

Grammar:

Subject-Verb Agreement

slide55

wasnt that a spider on the floor

  • Wasn’t that a spider on the floor?
  • dew make the plant’s wet in the morning
  • Dew makes the plants wet in the morning.
subject verb agreement56
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The subject and the verb in a sentence must work together, or agree.
  • To make most present-tense verbs agree with singular nouns or he, she, or it, add –s.
  • If the subject is a plural noun or I, you, we, or they, the present-tense verb does not end in –s.
subject verb agreement57
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Using strong verbs makes writing vivid.
  • Writers must always make their verbs agree with their sentence subjects.
  • A snake slithers out of the grass.
  • More snakes slither out of the grass.
wednesday58

Wednesday

Spelling:

Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/

spelling words59
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
today we will learn about61
Today we will learn about:
  • Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-
  • Poetry
  • Reading Across Texts
  • Content-Area Vocabulary
  • Fluency: Partner Reading
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/
  • Write a Night Letter
poetry in reading

Poetry in Reading

Pages 352 - 353

thursday63

Thursday

Fluency:

Appropriate Phrasing

fluency partner reading
Fluency: Partner Reading
  • Turn to page 346.
  • With a partner, practice reading aloud this page three times.
  • Read with appropriate phrasing and offer each other feedback.
thursday65

Thursday

Grammar:

Subject-Verb Agreement

slide66

many animals prowls on the edje of the forest at night

  • Many animals prowl on the edge of the forest at night.
  • the two trees shadows hide the mouses and foxs
  • The two trees’ shadows hide the mice and foxes.
subject verb agreement67
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The subject and the verb in a sentence must work together, or agree.
  • To make most present-tense verbs agree with singular nouns or he, she, or it, add –s.
  • If the subject is a plural noun or I, you, we, or they, the present-tense verb does not end in –s.
subject verb agreement68
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Test Tip:
  • Be sure a form of be in a sentence agrees with the subject.
  • Use is or was to agree with singular nouns.
  • Use are or were to agree with plural nouns.
  • Example: The moonis bright tonight. The starsare shining.
thursday69

Thursday

Spelling:

Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/

spelling words70
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
today we will learn about72
Today we will learn about:
  • Build Concept Vocabulary
  • Draw Conclusions
  • Author’s Viewpoint
  • Word Structure
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/
  • Adjusting Reading Rates
  • Observing Nature
draw conclusions
Draw Conclusions
  • A conclusion is a decision you reach after thinking about facts and details you read.
  • You can also use what you already know to help draw a conclusion.
  • Then ask yourself, “Does my conclusion makes sense?”
author s viewpoint
Author’s Viewpoint
  • The author’s viewpoint is the way an author looks at and feels about the topic or ideas he or she is writing about.
  • Think about how the author seems to feel about the subject.
  • Look for words and details in the text that tell you if the author feels positively or negatively or otherwise about the subject.
author s viewpoint75
Author’s Viewpoint
  • Ask yourself what beliefs are behind the author’s statements.
  • Look for details in the text that support your ideas about the author’s viewpoint.
compound words
Compound Words
  • You can use word structure to determine the meaning of unfamiliar compound words.
  • List any compound words you find as you read “Night Letters.”
  • Create a chart showing the unknown word, its two smaller words, and the definition of the word.
  • Use a dictionary to check the meanings.
spellings of j k s
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/
  • You already know some letters that stand for /j/, /s/ and /k/.
  • We will look at new ways to spell these sounds.
spellings of j k s79
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/
  • Pour one ounce of cider into every glass.
  • Which letters stand for /s/?
  • c and ss
  • What letters come after c in ounce and cider?
  • e and i
  • When c is followed by e ori,it often stands for /s/.
spellings of j k s80
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/
  • George is the pilot of the large jet.
  • Which letters stand for /j/?
  • g,j
  • Can Ken lock the door?
  • Which letters stand for /k/?
  • c, k, ck
spellings of j k s81
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/
  • When I say the sentence The table has a chrome edge, I hear /k/ in chrome and /j/ in edge.
  • But I don’t see k or j.The ch stands for /k/, and dge stands for /j/.
spellings of j k s82
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/
  • Blend these words:
  • ledge
  • wedge
  • badge
  • choir
  • school
spellings of j k s find the letters that stand for j s or k
Spellings of /j/,/k/, /s/Find the letters that stand for /j/, /s/, or/k/.
  • The cat paced back and forth behind the fence.
  • She had a smudge of chocolate on her face.
  • We baked gingerbread cookies.
  • misjudge
  • pencil
  • circus
  • chlorine
  • certain
  • kernel
  • jester
  • pocket
prefixes un re mis dis
Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-
  • Last week, we studied the prefixes un-, re-, mis-, and dis-.
  • Find the prefix in each of these words:
  • unwilling
  • reassign
  • misspell
  • disagree
prefixes un re mis dis85
Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-
  • Use the base word and prefix to figure out what each word means.
  • unwilling
  • not willing
  • reassign
  • assign again
  • misspell
  • spell incorrectly
  • disagree
  • not in agreement
prefixes un re mis dis tell what each word with a prefix means
Prefixes un-, re-, mis-, dis-Tell what each word with a prefix means.
  • We had to stop and rethink our plan.
  • Mom was disappointed about my messy room.
  • Our new puppy misbehaves if we don’t watch her all the time.
  • The accident seemed unavoidable.
  • unable
  • unexplored
  • unwanted
  • reread
  • restated
  • rewrote
  • misunderstand
  • misjudge
  • mistreat
  • distrusted
  • disinterested
  • disbelief
adjusting reading rates
Adjusting Reading Rates
  • When might you read a selection slowly and when might you read quickly?
  • If you need to remember many details about what you are reading, you should read something slowly.
  • Some tests involve reading a passage and then answering questions. This would be a time to read slowly to try to remember as many details as possible.
adjusting reading rates88
Adjusting Reading Rates
  • Social studies and science textbooks usually contain unfamiliar words and ideas. Read slowly when you are learning about unknown topics.
  • Read quickly when you are looking for important words or ideas. If you are looking for a source to research a topic, skim and scan to see if the source has the information you need.
friday89

Friday

Grammar:

Subject-Verb Agreement

slide90

the birds nests is full of eggs in april

  • The birds’ nests are full of eggs in April.
  • what is that oranje bird
  • What is that orange bird?
friday91

Friday

Spelling:

Consonant Sounds /j/ and /k/

spelling words92
Spelling Words
  • clock
  • large
  • page
  • mark
  • kitten
  • judge
  • crack
  • edge
  • pocket
  • brake
  • change
  • ridge
  • jacket
  • badge
  • orange
  • freckles
  • advantage
  • pledge
  • Kentucky
  • kingdom
review games
Review Games

Spelling City:

  • Spelling Words
  • Vocabulary Words
  • Other Vocabulary Words
we are now ready to take our story tests
Story test

Classroom webpage,

Reading Test

AR

Other Reading Quizzes

Quiz #

We are now ready to take our story tests.