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Unit 2:. Understanding Multiagency Coordination. Unit Objectives. Describe: Multiagency coordination at all levels of government. Functions and elements of MACS. The difference between command and coordination. Mandates. Management of Domestic Incidents. HSPD-5. HSPD-8.

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unit 2

Unit 2:

Understanding Multiagency Coordination

unit objectives
Unit Objectives
  • Describe:
    • Multiagency coordination at all levels of government.
    • Functions and elements of MACS.
    • The difference between command and coordination.

Management of Domestic Incidents



National Preparedness


national response framework nrf
National Response Framework (NRF)

Establishes a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident response.

Presents an overview of key response principles, roles, and structures that guide the national response.

Includes the Core Document, Annexes, and Partner Guides.

Replaces the National Response Plan.

national incident management system
National Incident Management System
  • What? . . . NIMS provides a consistent nationwide template . . .
  • Who? . . . to enable Federal, State, tribal, and local governments, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations to work together . . .
  • How? . . . to prepare for, prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity . . .
  • Why? . . . in order to reduce the loss of life and property, and harm to the environment.
nims what it is what it s not
NIMS: What It Is/What It’s Not
  • NIMS is . . .
    • A flexible framework of:
      • Doctrine
      • Concepts
      • Principles
      • Terminology
      • Organizational processes
    • Applicable to all hazards and jurisdictions

NIMS is not . . .

  • An operational incident management plan
  • A resource allocation plan
  • A terrorism/WMD-specific plan
  • Designed to address international events
nims components
NIMS Components

Command and Management


Communications and Information Management

Incident Command System

Resource Management

Multiagency Coordination Systems

Ongoing Management and Maintenance

Public Information

command and management elements
Command and Management Elements

Resource Management

Communications & Information Management


Command and Management


IncidentCommand System


activity coordination challenges
Activity: Coordination Challenges
  • Instructions: Working in your table groups . . .
  • Review the scenario in your Student Manuals.
  • Identify the top 5 coordination challenges.
  • Write your answers on chart paper.
  • Select a spokesperson and be prepared to present to the class in 15 minutes.
what is multiagency coordination
What Is Multiagency Coordination?
  • Multiagency coordination:
    • Is a process that allows all levels of government to work together more effectively.
    • Occurs across different disciplines.
    • Can occur on a regular basis whenever personnel from different agencies interact.
multiagency coordination system
Multiagency Coordination System
  • NOT simply a physical location or facility. Rather, a system that:
    • Defines business practices, operating procedures, and protocols.
    • Provides support, coordination, and assistance.

Key NIMS Terminology


To advance an analysis and exchange of information systematically among principals who have or may have a need to know certain information to carry out specific incident management responsibilities.

why multiagency coordination
Why Multiagency Coordination?
  • To establish and clarify policy.
  • To help establish a common operating picture.
  • To set priorities among incidents and resolve critical resource issues.
  • To facilitate logistics support and resource tracking.
  • To synchronize messaging to ensure that we are speaking with one voice.
discussion question
Discussion Question
  • What experience does your organization have with MAC Systems?
primary mac functions
Primary MAC Functions
  • Primary MAC System functions include:
    • Situation Assessment
    • Incident Priority Determination
    • Critical Resource Acquisition and Allocation
    • Interagency Activities
    • Other Coordination
command vs coordination
Command vs. Coordination

What is the difference between command and coordination?

command vs coordination16
Command vs. Coordination

Command is the act of directing, ordering, or controlling by virtue of explicit authority.

Coordination is the process of providing support to the command structure.

mac system elements
MAC System Elements
  • MAC Systems are a combination of:
    • Facilities
    • Equipment
    • Personnel
    • Procedures

Example System Elements . . .

On-Scene Command

Resource Coordination Centers


Multiagency Coordination System

Emergency Operations Centers


emergency operations centers eocs
Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)
  • An EOC:
    • Supports the on-scene response.
    • Has a physical location with staff.
    • Communicates with the incident site.
    • Is managed through protocols.
    • Is applicable at different levels of government.
eoc organization and staffing
EOC Organization and Staffing

EOCs may be:

  • Organized by:
    • Major discipline.
    • Emergency support function.
    • Jurisdiction.
    • Some combination thereof.
  • Staffed by personnel representing multiple jurisdictions and functional disciplines.
coordination mac group
Coordination (MAC) Group
  • A Coordination or MAC Group:
    • Does not have any direct involvement.
    • Can function virtually.
    • May be established at any level or within any discipline.
mac group membership
MAC Group Membership
  • The success of the MAC Group depends on membership.
  • Organizations that should be members include:
    • Directly impacted organizations,
    • Business organizations,
    • Volunteer organizations, and
    • Other organizations with special expertise.
mac groups vs area command
MAC Groups vs. Area Command
  • Area Command oversees management coordination of the incident(s).
  • A MAC System element, such as an EOC, coordinates support.
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • What are the benefits of a MAC Group?

What conflicts could potentially exist between EOC and IC staff? Why?

effective multiagency coordination
Effective Multiagency Coordination
  • Provides reliable systems and resources.
  • Acquires, analyzes, and communicates information.
  • Is flexible in supporting the command structure.
  • Anticipates change.
  • Promotes public confidence.
summary activity
Summary Activity
  • Instructions: Working with your table groups . . .
    • Review the tunnel fire scenario.
    • Determine which MAC System elements would be involved and what role each would assume.
    • Write your answers on chart paper.
    • Select a spokesperson and be prepared to share your answers with the class in 10 minutes.