Problems in Replication and Protein Synthesis. Mutations . -mutation- random change in genetic material -can happen during replication, transcription, translation, or cell division. Causes. Radiation and Chemicals can also cause mutations (UV rays, x-rays, nuclear radiation).
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-mutation- random change in genetic material
-can happen during replication, transcription, translation, or cell division
-part of the DNA is deleted or inserted
-part of the DNA is duplicated
-part of the DNA is reversed
-part of the DNA is moved to a different spot
Nondisjunction- failure of homologous chromosomes to separate normally during meiosis.