Undergraduate clinical skill education experience in kaohsiung medical university
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Undergraduate clinical skill education-Experience in Kaohsiung Medical University 畢業前臨床技能教育 - 高雄醫學大學之經驗. Chung-Sheng Lai 賴春生 , M.D., E.M.B.A., Ph.D 台灣高雄醫學大學醫學院院長 台灣整形外科醫學會理事長. Overview of the content. Infrastructures for clinical skill education

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Undergraduate clinical skill education experience in kaohsiung medical university

Undergraduate clinical skill education-Experience in Kaohsiung Medical University畢業前臨床技能教育-高雄醫學大學之經驗

Chung-Sheng Lai 賴春生,

M.D., E.M.B.A., Ph.D



Overview of the content
Overview of the content Kaohsiung Medical University

  • Infrastructures for clinical skill education

  • Organ system-based clinical skill teaching &GOSCE

  • Department-based clinical skill teaching&assessment

  • Standardized patient training emphasized on effective feedback

  • Current OSCE in Taiwan

  • The next step of OSCE :

    • Interprofessional GOSCE

    • Summary

Infrastructures for clinical skill instruction

Medical Education Committee- Kaohsiung Medical University教育委員會


Clinical skill center (university level)

College of medicine(醫學院)

Affiliated hospital(附設醫院)

Clinical Medical education committee


Curriculum committee (college level)


Department of clinical education & training


School of medicine


Clinical skill center (Hospital level)

(臨床技能中心,院級 )

Curriculum committee

(school level)


Clinical skill and OSCE committee

(臨床技能及OSCE委員會 )

Organ system-based clinical skills & assessment


Department-based clinical skills & assessment


Infrastructures for Clinical Skill Instruction



Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d

2002 OSCE in KMU Kaohsiung Medical University

2005 OSCE in KMU

Importance in 3 elements of data collection for diagnosis
Importance in 3 elements of Kaohsiung Medical Universitydata collection for diagnosis

  • 70% by history taking

  • 20% by physical examination

  • 10% by laboratory & other tests

Medicine is a science of uncertainty

and an art of probability.


Sir William Osler

New curriculum since 2005
New Curriculum 〈since 2005〉 Kaohsiung Medical University

臨床技能從一年級開始培育:人際關係 臨床技能



Integrating clinical skills to the curriculum
Integrating clinical skills to the curriculum Kaohsiung Medical University

  • Clinical skills can precisely perform only by repeated practices besides the didactic lectures.

  • 15 blocks based on organ systems were integrated in the new curriculum (2005).

  • Organizer of each block is the most important key-person for implementation of the organ system-based skills instruction & assessment.

  • Chief of each clinical department is the main person responsible for implementation of the department-based skills instruction and assessment.

  • 104 clinical competencies minimally required for medical graduates suggested by Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation(台灣醫策會 )were all included.

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
台灣醫學生畢業時必須具備之基本臨床技能 Kaohsiung Medical University

  • 理學檢查的技巧 (Examination Skills):共37項

  • 影像學的解讀 ( Visual Image Interpretation ) :共6項

  • 實驗診斷的技巧 ( Laboratory Skills ) :共8項

  • 程序上的技巧 ( Procedural Skills ) :共29項

  • 治療的技術 ( Therapeutic Skills ) :共22項

  • 其他:溝通技巧、倫理決策、醫療品質、實證醫學的相關能力....

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d

基礎臨床課程整合小組 Kaohsiung Medical University




Clinical skill /







4-6 weeks/block

18-22 hours/weeks








Clinical skill



Osce clinical skill

教案 Kaohsiung Medical University編寫










OSCE及Clinical skill 執行委員會

  • OSCE特色

    • 依整合型課程設計,將醫策會所定之醫學生畢業前臨床技能,共6大類104小項,分類編入課程中實作演練。

    • 教案書寫格式統一化

    • 建立各clinical skill 的標準操作流程SOP

  • 學生

    • 醫三、醫四:Organ-based clinical skills

    • 醫五、醫六:Department-based clinical skills

    • 醫七:Integrated real patient-based clinical skills

New curriculum
New Curriculum Kaohsiung Medical University

Clinical skill授課時數

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d

Kaohsiung Medical Universityclinical skill列入課程中

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d

4th week Kaohsiung Medical University(15.5hrs)

上課地點:Lecture在勵學大樓A2教室,PBL在6W PBL教室



at the end

of each block

Organ system block based clinical skills training and gosce
Organ system Kaohsiung Medical University(Block) - based clinical skills training and GOSCE

  • Establishing the SOP of basic skills related to each block

  • Practicing various skills by using medical models, simulators, standardized patients, animals, computer assisted teaching devices…etc.

  • Group OSCE was held at the end of the year (M 3-4, BM 1-2)

Block 3 hematology and neoplasia based clinical skills training

抽血與靜脈注射 Kaohsiung Medical University

Block 3 (Hematology and neoplasia)-based clinical skills training

2005.11.08 M3.BM1 clinical skill

Block 4 cardiovascular system based clinical skills training
Block 4 (Cardiovascular system)-based clinical skills training



2006 m3 bm1 gosce

Station 1 training

Station 2

Station 3

Station 4

Station 5

Station 6

2006 M3.BM1 GOSCE

Gosce 6 19 student s satisfaction about osce
學生 trainingGOSCE六站滿意度(6.19施測)Student’s Satisfaction about OSCE


Department based clinical skills training and assessment
Department –based clinical skills trainingtraining and assessment

  • Instructing the clinical skills related to each clinical department〈core competencies〉

  • Practicing various clinical skills through real patients, standardized patients, patient’s scenarios, Lab data, images, multimedia…etc.

  • Clinical skill assessment was held at the end of rotation of each clinical department .

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
臨床技能執行 training-實習醫學生

  • 參與主治醫師病房迴診

  • 參與主治醫師門診

  • 主治醫師床邊教學

  • 臨床病例討論會

  • 臨床文獻研讀

  • 制訂核心課程 核心技能


Department-based clinical skills test

Basic surgical skills training

Lecture – Practice – Immediate feedback training

Basic surgical skills training

Department based clincal skill examination

X training光判讀






Department-based clincal skill examination

  • Internal Medicine

  • 28 stations

  • 5 minutes per station

Real patient based clinical skill teaching vs r intern clerk integrated instruction
Real Patient-based clinical skill teaching trainingVS-R-Intern-clerk integrated instruction

History taking

Physical examination

Surgical planning

Immediate feedback

Team work approach

Informed consent

Opening – Discussion – Synthesis

Assessment of clinical skills
Assessment of clinical skills training

  • OSCE ( Objective Structured Clinical Examination )

  • DOPS( Direct Observation of Procedural Skills )

  • Mini-CEX (Mini-clinical Evaluation Exercise)

  • CBT( Computer Based Test )

  • Check with checklist.

  • Videotape recording.

  • Feedback by physicians, experts, real patients,and SP.

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
OSCE training的優點

  • 測驗內容標準化且可以控制

  • 正確性高

  • 再現性高

  • 可以客觀的評估臨床技能、知識、態度

  • 模擬病人可以提供學生及教師回饋

  • 可以彌補筆試的不足

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
OSCE training用於教學與評估的領域

  • 病史的詢問

  • 溝通技巧、諮商技巧及病人教育

  • 身體檢查

  • 臨床技術(量血壓、抽血、眼底檢查等)

  • 檢驗結果判讀及解說

  • 臨床推理,解決問題

  • 醫學倫理問題

  • 緊急情況的反應及處置

  • 醫師及病人的安全

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
標準病人的來源與訓練 training

  • 招募:

    • 透過校園徵募,徵求自願者加入,包括職員工及社區人士,願意接受訓練成為標準病人,提供學生實作OSCE。

  • 訓練:

    • 至少接受三次『當病人』的訓練。

    • 第一次面談:


    • 第二次面談:   


    • 第三次面談:


  • 費用:

    • S.P.完成訓練給予1000元訓練費,之後每次演練給予1000元。

  • 標準病人中心:

    • 儲備合格之標準病人。

    • 彼此聯誼、交換

Concerns and challenges of standardized patients sps
Concerns and challenges of standardized patients (SPs) training

  • SPs are skilled at simulating historical and physical findings, but many find it difficult to give effective feedback.

  • Effective feedback is the key part of teaching and learning process, it helps learners learn better, and faster.

  • SPs can be taught to give effective feedback by using Quality of SP Feedback Form (QSF) to train.

  • SPs are like mirrors.

Principles for giving feedback
Principles for giving feedback training

  • 7-step approach

    • Encourage self-reflection.(鼓勵反省)

    • Describe specific behaviors.(敘述特殊行為 )

    • Use the sandwich technique.(鼓勵 - 批評 - 鼓勵)

    • Limit negative feedback.(限制負面回饋)

    • Demonstrate empathy.(表達同情)

    • Encourage learner questions.(鼓勵發問)

    • Verify feedback and thank learner.(感謝)

2004 Win May, Dixie Fisher

USC keck school of Medicine

Purpose of using the quality of sp feedback form qsf
Purpose of Using the quality of SP Feedback Form (QSF) training

  • A training tool for SPs, SPs rate each other, and learn each other.

  • Improving the verbal feedback besides the written feedback.

  • Better inter-rater reliability is gained after training, and SPs appear to better understand how to give feedback.

Chung sheng lai m d e m b a ph d
OSCE training台灣發展現況

  • 2009.10.09:台灣醫學院校長會議

    • OSCE及格訂為醫學生畢業之必要條件,並建議考選部修訂第二階段醫生執照考試之報考資格。

    • 2009-2010:OSCE資格認證中心的訪視評鑑。

    • 2010.07.24:成立台灣標準化病人協會

    • 2010.08.11:

    • 彙集各校教案,建立題庫,並確立OSCE及格標準辦法

      ( Borderline Group Method )

    • 擬定考官及SP/SP Trainer 認證作業要點,並訂定申訴委員會設置要點。

    • 2010.09.26:2011台灣OSCE聯考共識會議

    • 各校推薦2~4位負責台灣OSCE聯考之代表。

    • 2011:台灣醫學院畢業生OSCE聯考。

    • 2012:考選部正式執行高階 OSCE之考試。

What is the next step of osce

Uniprofessional OSCE training

Interprofessional GOSCE

Multiprofessional GOSCE

What is the Next Step of OSCE?

Why interprofessional education ipe for clinical skills
Why Interprofessional Education (IPE) for Clinical Skills ? training

  • Health care professionals do not function in isolation

  • People work together in small interdisciplinary group for many aspects of day-to-day patient care

  • However learners are typically trained in separate disciplines and educational programmes, only coming together as a team at the end point of clinical care

  • For patient safety and holistic care, IPE offers benefits to team working outcome

Summary i
Summary ( I ) training

  • Better integration between the activities of the clinical skill center and thecurriculumis essential 〈not just to show off to the visitors 〉 to promote the learning effectiveness of the students.

  • Full supporting system through a well-designed infrastructures is of paramount importance to embbed numerous transferable skills to students both in breadth & in depth.

  • The range of practice, assessment, and feedback of OSCE should be well-planned according to the institution’s resources and learner’s need.

Summary ii
Summary ( II ) training

  • Effective feedback is an important component of teaching & learning process, quality of feedback training system for SPs and tutors is essential.

  • Roadmap of clinical skill learning starts from general education, organ system-based curriculum, department-based core competencies, to real patient-based clinical practice should be established & integrated.

  • The trend of OSCE may move from uniprofessional OSCE to interprofessional or multiprofessional GOSCE based on the team work for holistic care in the real world.

Thank you for your attention

Find the right way to set the sail of clinical skill education before the wind!

Thank you for your attention!

Find the right way to set the sail of clinical skill education before the wind!