Anatomy and Components of Immune System. 2011. Components of Immune system. Immune System-Anatomy. The bone marrow hemopoietic stem cells are the ultimate origin of : erythrocytes all leucocytes including the lymphocytes.
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Many cells of the immune system derived from the bone marrow, Hematopoetic stem cell differentiation
Cytokines: any soluble factor secreted that act as a signal to other lymphoid cells. There are two categories:-
Certain cytokines like interferon and interleukins are secreted by both lymphocytes and macrophages
Lymphokinesincrease the response of B cells, T killer cells and T suppressor cells.
enzymes manufactured in the Tc cells.
Also play important role in destroying cancer cells, heart transplant cells or other types of cells that are foreign to the persons own body.
cells derived from monocyte.
a large number of lysosomes
variety of particulate materials such as microorganisms, dead cells, effete cells, debris, immune complex.
Macrophages are important secretary cells- secrete substances such as components of complement system, hydrolytic enzymes, toxic forms of oxygen and monokines.
Involved in allergic inflammation
and inflammatory compounds.