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Methods of Instruction. Learning Objectives. Upon completion of this lesson, participants will be able to: Compare and contrast a range of instructional methods. Select appropriate instructional methods for specific content. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each method .

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Presentation Transcript
learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of this lesson, participants will be able to:
    • Compare and contrast a range of instructional methods.
    • Select appropriate instructional methods for specific content.
    • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each method.
methods of instruction1
Methods of Instruction
  • Teaching lecture
  • Guided discussion
  • Teaching interview
  • Case study
  • Demonstration performance
review
Review

ANALYSIS

  • Determining the method of delivery should be a part of the analysis
    • Audience
    • Objectives

DESIGN

IMPLEMENT

DEVELOP

lecture method
Lecture Method
  • A teaching lecture is an oral presentation intended to present information or teach people about a particular subject given by a single individual.
formal lecture
Formal Lecture
  • One way communication
  • Usually given to large groups
  • Structured and rehearsed

TED

informal lecture
Informal Lecture
  • Two way communication
  • Usually given to smaller groups
  • Conversational tone
teaching lecture method
Teaching Lecture Method

Advantages

  • Factual material is presented in a direct, logical manner
  • May provide experiences that inspire - useful for large group
  • Most efficient way to convey teacher spoken information

Disadvantages

  • Proficient oral skills are necessary
  • Audience is often passive
  • Learning is difficult to determine as the lecture progresses
  • Communication is one-way

Preparation

  • Become very familiar with subject
  • Provide comfortable, non-distracting environment
  • Be mindful of trainees’ mental and physical state (hunger, fatigue)
guided discussion
Guided Discussion
  • Exposes students to a variety of diverse perspectives, helps them recognize and investigate their assumptions, improves listening and conversation skills, fosters connection to a topic, and affirms students as co-creators of knowledge
methods
Methods

Formal

Informal

Guided Discussion

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guided discussion1
Guided discussion
  • All channel communication
  • Multiple responses
  • Allows for discussion of the material

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guided discussion delivery
Guided Discussion - Delivery
  • Participation Tips
    • Get to know your students.
    • Always consider your objectives.
    • Come prepared with prompts.
    • Circulate the room if working in groups
  • REMEMBER
  • The instructor must be flexible in order to help the student reach a planned lesson objective. Write the lesson plan is such a way to give that flexibility to instructors.
guided discussion2
Guided Discussion
  • Questioning Techniques
    • Open-ended question
    • Reflected question
    • Redirecting

When asking an open-ended question,

how long should you wait for an answer?

applying the methods

Cognitive

Applying the methods
  • Evaluation
  • Synthesis

Guided discussion

Informal lecture

Formal lecture

  • Analysis
  • Application
  • Comprehension
  • Knowledge

Explain

Interpret

Describe

____

Name

List

Identify

demonstration performance
Demonstration Performance
  • The demonstration method of instruction provides a "clear picture" of a task that must be learned.
  • The performance method of instruction is based on the principle that one learns best by doing.
demonstration performance1
Demonstration Performance
  • The body of the lesson plan includes four phases
    • Explanation
    • Demonstration
    • Performance/Supervision
    • Evaluation
demonstration performance2
Demonstration Performance
  • Mental Skills
  • Math formulas
  • Map reading
  • Languages
demonstration performance3
Demonstration Performance
  • Physical Skills
  • Cutting
  • Drilling
  • Measuring
criterion objective
Criterion Objective
  • Objectives are a little different with a Demonstration Performance lesson. You should write a Criterion Objective so students know exactly what they are to do, under what conditions, and how well they are to do it.
  • Performance: States behaviorally what is required to do
  • Condition: States what resources can and cannot be used
  • Standard: Specifies how well task must be performed
remaining methods
Remaining Methods
  • Teaching interview
  • Case study
teaching interview
Teaching interview
  • Interviewing experts
  • Advance questions
case study
Case Study
  • Some students are more inductive than deductive
  • Can be very effective as a capstone technique for teaching
advantages of the case study
Advantages of the case study
  • Problem solving
  • Requires student to be analytical
  • Requires students to engage in decision-making
setting up the case study
Setting up the case study
  • What is the issue?
  • What is the goal of the case study?
  • What is the context of the problem?
  • What key facts should be considered?
case study1
Case study

Information

Principles

Concepts

Outcomes

Case

case study2
Case Study
  • What are the facts?
  • What is the problem?
methods of instruction review
Methods of Instruction Review
  • Teaching lecture
  • Guided discussion
  • Teaching interview
  • Case study
  • Demonstration performance