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Toddlers PowerPoint Presentation

Toddlers

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Toddlers

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  1. Toddlers Intellectual Development

  2. Language Development Infants communicate by crying, cooing and then babbling around 12 months, toddlers will start to say single words Single words=Holophrases Ex. Up=pick me up go=I want to leave now Mine=this is mine *sound substitutions

  3. Language Development con’t • Childs first words are usually nouns (mama, dada, doggy) • Verbs, or actions words usually come next(bye-bye, go, run) • Description words usually come next (big, fast, cold, hot)

  4. Con’t • Duo Sentences: 2 words ex: mama stay, dada asleep, me go • An easy way to encourage learning communication is to respond to child attempts to communicate and talk during daily routine activities

  5. Early Brain Development • Neuron: nerve cell • Neural Pathway: the link between neurons • Cortex: part of the brains cerebrum; its growth permits complex learning • Axon: connections between neurons that transmits instructions from the cell body to another neuron • Myelin: fatty, insulating substance, which helps transmit information from one nerve cell to another

  6. More Definitions… • Dendrite: a branchlike feature at the end of each axon that receives electronic messages from other neurons • Synapse: the tiny gap between the dendrites where messages are transmitted from one neuron to another • Neurotransmitter: a chemical released by the axon • Cerebrum: receives information from the senses and directs motor activities

  7. Cognitive Development • According to Piaget, toddlers in sensorimotor stage until age 2-whild uses senses and motor skills to learn and discover the world • Toddlers learn by doing every day things: playing, eating, dressing, bathing • Parents/caregivers need to take advantage of opportunities to help toddler learn

  8. Types of learning • Incidental learning: unplanned learning • Trial and error: child tries several solutions to find one that works • Imitation: watching and copying others • Directed learning: concepts taught by parents, teachers, caregivers

  9. Intellectual Developmental Milestones