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Individual Differences. By Suzy Cox. Different Concepts of Intelligence. Single entity (Spearman’s g) Multi-faceted (Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory) Divided (Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences) Dependent (Distributed Intelligence). Spearman’s g.

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Individual Differences

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different concepts of intelligence
Different Concepts of Intelligence
  • Single entity (Spearman’s g)
  • Multi-faceted (Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory)
  • Divided (Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences)
  • Dependent (Distributed Intelligence)
spearman s g
Spearman’s g
  • Intelligence is a general factor that can be measured
    • IQ
  • It is a reflection of the speed and efficiency with which people can process information, learning tasks, and problem situations.
  • Do you learn all subject equally quickly?
relationship between iq and achievement
Relationship between IQ and Achievement
  • What kind of study would this be?
  • Intelligence does not necessarily cause achievement; it is simply correlated with it.
    • What other factors might contribute?
relationship between iq and achievement1
Relationship between IQ and Achievement
  • The relationship between IQ scores and achievement is not a perfect one; there are exceptions to the rule
    • Shouldn’t base our expectations on scores
    • Why might there be exceptions?
relationship between iq and achievement2
Relationship between IQ and Achievement
  • IQ scores simply reflect a student’s performance on a particular test at a particular time
    • Change is to be expected
distributed intelligence
Distributed Intelligence
  • Use physical objects
  • Work with other people
  • Use symbolic systems
  • How can we help our students think as intelligently as possible?
gardner s multiple intelligences
Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
  • Most, if not all, people are intelligent in one way or another
  • Optimistic view of human potential
  • Encourages us to use many different teaching methods
garnder s multiple intelligences











Garnder’s Multiple Intelligences
which smart are you
Which “Smart” are you?
  • Online intelligence tests
    • If you already took them…
  • Just because you have strengths in some areas doesn’t mean you can’t improve in others
    • Implications?
how to handle differences
How to handle differences
  • Treat all students equally
  • Incorporate different perspectives
  • Vary instructional and assessment methods
    • But don’t try to use ALL intelligences all of the time
  • Believe in and love your students
  • Subject: the water cycle
  • Identify three methods you could use to teach the water cycle that would incorporate different intelligences.