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Individual Differences. By Suzy Cox. Different Concepts of Intelligence. Single entity (Spearman’s g) Multi-faceted (Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory) Divided (Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences) Dependent (Distributed Intelligence). Spearman’s g.

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Different concepts of intelligence
Different Concepts of Intelligence

  • Single entity (Spearman’s g)

  • Multi-faceted (Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory)

  • Divided (Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences)

  • Dependent (Distributed Intelligence)

Spearman s g
Spearman’s g

  • Intelligence is a general factor that can be measured

    • IQ

  • It is a reflection of the speed and efficiency with which people can process information, learning tasks, and problem situations.

  • Do you learn all subject equally quickly?

Relationship between iq and achievement
Relationship between IQ and Achievement

  • What kind of study would this be?

  • Intelligence does not necessarily cause achievement; it is simply correlated with it.

    • What other factors might contribute?

Relationship between iq and achievement1
Relationship between IQ and Achievement

  • The relationship between IQ scores and achievement is not a perfect one; there are exceptions to the rule

    • Shouldn’t base our expectations on scores

    • Why might there be exceptions?

Relationship between iq and achievement2
Relationship between IQ and Achievement

  • IQ scores simply reflect a student’s performance on a particular test at a particular time

    • Change is to be expected

Distributed intelligence
Distributed Intelligence

  • Use physical objects

  • Work with other people

  • Use symbolic systems

  • How can we help our students think as intelligently as possible?

Gardner s multiple intelligences
Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences

  • Most, if not all, people are intelligent in one way or another

  • Optimistic view of human potential

  • Encourages us to use many different teaching methods

Garnder s multiple intelligences












Garnder’s Multiple Intelligences

Which smart are you
Which “Smart” are you?

  • Online intelligence tests

    • If you already took them…


  • Just because you have strengths in some areas doesn’t mean you can’t improve in others

    • Implications?

How to handle differences
How to handle differences

  • Treat all students equally

  • Incorporate different perspectives

  • Vary instructional and assessment methods

    • But don’t try to use ALL intelligences all of the time

  • Believe in and love your students


  • Subject: the water cycle

  • Identify three methods you could use to teach the water cycle that would incorporate different intelligences.