1 / 45

WWII Home Front - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

WWII Home Front. A. Military Mobilization. Enlistment in the Military. Draft Reinstated This time they were screened Became known as “GIs” 13 million men served. Women in the Service. WAC & WAVES formed as auxiliary units Jobs: Medical Aid Pilots Cryptography Administrative Duties.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'WWII Home Front' - lenore

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Wwii home front




Enlistment in the military
Enlistment in the Military

  • Draft Reinstated

  • This time they were screened

  • Became known as “GIs”

  • 13 million men served

Women in the service
Women in the Service

  • WAC & WAVES formed as auxiliary units

  • Jobs:

    • Medical Aid

    • Pilots

    • Cryptography

    • Administrative Duties

Minorities in the service african americans
Minorities in the ServiceAfrican Americans

  • 1 million served in segregated non-combat units

  • Faced Discrimination

  • Tuskegee


    • 332nd Fighter Group

Minorities in the service native americans
Minorities in the ServiceNative Americans

  • Over 25,000 served

  • Served as “Code Talkers”

  • Most famous were the Navajo

Navajo Code Talkers

Office for war mobilization owm
Office for War Mobilization (OWM)

  • In charge of coordinating all of the new war agencies

War production board
War Production Board

  • Regulated the production and allocation of materials and fuel

  • It rationed such things as gasoline, heating oil, metals, rubber, and plastics

Office of war information
Office of War Information

  • “Informed” people about the war

  • Used the press, radio, and film industry

Financing the war
Financing the War

  • $250 million per day to fight

  • Beginning of National Debt

  • 1941 - $49 billion →

    1945 - $259 billion

Wwii home front

  • Ways that the war was financed:

    • Taxes:

      1941 – 4 million tax returns filed

      1945 – 50 million tax returns filed

    • War Bonds:

      Over $185.7 billion sold because of effective propaganda campaign

Effect on the economy
Effect on the Economy

  • Factories operated around the clock for 7 days a week, but are producing less consumer goods than are demanded

  • Shift to defense spending which would continue until the end of the Cold War

  • Created a shift in the population to the “Sunbelt” region (CA & some areas of the South)

Women rosie the riveter
Women & Rosie the Riveter

  • Over 5 million women went to work

  • Rosie propaganda encouraged women to work

  • Industrial jobs were just a variation of domestic tasks

  • Still earned less than men

  • Forced back into homes after war

Other new workers
Other New Workers

  • Bracero Program (1942): brought 200,000 Mexicans into the U.S for short-term employment

Bracero Workers

War labor board
War Labor Board

  • Sought to maintain relations between workers and management

  • Union membership increased to 30% of industrial workers

  • 1943 United Mine Workers Strike prompted more government action

John L. Lewis

Smith connolly antistrike act 1943
Smith-Connolly Antistrike Act (1943)

  • Gave the President the authority to end strikes

  • Gov’t could take control of mines or penalize the strikers

The inflation problem
The Inflation Problem

↑ employment = ↑$

↑$ + ↓Consumer goods =


Office of price administration opa
Office of Price Administration (OPA)

  • Created to deal with inflation

  • Froze prices and rent

  • Rationed scarce supplies

Types of rationing

Certificate: Apply for permission to buy a product

If approved you got a certificate

Coupon: Families were issued coupon books to buy more common items

No coupon, no buying

Types of Rationing

Volunteerism recycling
Volunteerism & Recycling

  • Americans voluntarily gave up some goods to help the war effort

  • Recycling began to conserve resources

Wwii home front

Anti-Inflation measures were successful

WWI inflation was 170%

WWII inflation was 29%

African americans double v campaign
African-Americans:Double V Campaign

  • Allied victory abroad & civil rights victory at home

  • Led by A. Phillip Randolph

  • March on Washington Movement 1941

Executive order 8802
Executive Order 8802

  • Established the Fair Employment Practices Committee

  • Ended discrimination in the defense industry

  • 1st federal law to promote equal opportunities

Race riots
Race Riots

  • Tensions in cities

  • Violence plagued 47 cities

  • Detroit 1942: worst race riot

Mexican americans and the zoot suit riots 1943
Mexican-Americans and the Zoot Suit Riots (1943)

  • Young Mexican-Americans wore clothing called “Zoot Suits”

  • June 1943 violence erupted between the sailors and Zoot Suiters

Executive order 9066
Executive Order 9066

  • Japanese on the West Coast seen as potential spies

  • February 19, 1942 FDR orders all Japanese-Americans (Issei & Niesi) to “relocation camps”

  • Over 110,000 Japanese-Americans rounded up

The camps
The Camps

  • 10 Locations in 7 states

Korematsu v the united states 1944
Korematsu v. the United States (1944)

  • Supreme Court decision that upheld the internment of the Japanese as constitutional

Greatest civil rights violation
Greatest Civil Rights Violation

  • $105 million of farmland lost

  • $500 million in yearly income lost

  • Unknown amounts of personal property

  • No act of sabotage ever proven against the internees

Reparations and apology
Reparations and Apology

  • 1988 – Reagan finally apologizes

  • 1990 – Congress authorizes $20,000 to each surviving internee