20.1 Notes Civil War and Revolution Charles I and Parliament 1. Charles I, son of James I, believed in the divine rights of kings 2. Parliament forces Charles I to sign the Petition of Rights i.No taxes w/o consent of Parliament ii. No martial law
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Civil War and Revolution
Charles I and Parliament
1. Charles I, son of James I, believed in the divine rights of kings
2. Parliament forces Charles I to sign the Petition of Rights
i.No taxes w/o consent of Parliament
ii. No martial law
iii. No boarding of soldiers in peacetime
iv. No imprisonment w/o just cause
3. Charles dismissed Parliament for 11 yrs., imprisoned objectors of his tax collecting ways.
4. Puritans opposed Charles I b/c they believed he was too Catholic.
5. Charles tried to force Scottish churches to follow Anglican practices.
6. Charles called Parliament into session to collect taxes to defeat the Scots.
1. Ended the kings power to dissolve Parliament
2. Parliament must meet once every three yrs.
3. Public support shifted when Parliament tried to make changes to the Anglican Church.
4. Irish Rebellion- Parliament run army vs. king controlled army.
5. Civil War began.
i. Oliver Cromwell- New Model Army
ii. Defeated Charles I and he fled to Scotland
iii. Scottish returned him and he was beheaded, his
son, Charles II, fled to France
iv. Rump Parliament- Cromwell’s parliament
a. Abolished the monarchy and House of Lords
b. Tried to establish a commonwealth, a republic.
2. Twice he unsuccessfully tried to establish a constitution.
1. After the failing republic, the English population agreed to restore the monarchy- Charles II.
Conflict between royalty and Parliament
English Civil War
Efforts of Long Parliament to limit the monarchy’s power
Population rejected radical Puritan’s attempt to change the church