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Why Do People Migrate Within a Country?

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Why Do People Migrate Within a Country?
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  1. Why Do People Migrate Within a Country? C3K4

  2. Objectives • Migration between regions within the United States. • Migration between regions in other countries. • Migration within one region.

  3. Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Colonial Settlement: population concentration along Atlantic coast. Why? • Intervening obstacles (mountains, thick forests, and hostile Indians)

  4. Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Early Settlement in the Interior: transportation improvement opened up settlement. How? • Erie Canal linked NYC to Great Lakes. Allowed farmers to move west.

  5. Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Migration to California: Gold Rush & unsuitable farm land in the great plains rapidly sped the way for the population center to shift west.

  6. Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Settlement of the Great Plains: rate slowed westward b/c European migration • Land grants and technological improvements to farm Great Plains

  7. Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Recent growth of the South: pop moved 250 miles west (1940 to 2000). Moved southward 75 mi. Why? • Jobs and climate (area known = Sunbelt)

  8. Migration Between Regions in Other Countries • Russia: built mines and factories near raw materials. • Far North: 45% of land (< 2% pop) solution? • Forced migration • Collapse of USSR: ended government sponsored “optimal locations” for factories.

  9. Brazil • New Capital: Brazil moved capital 600 miles to the interior. Why?

  10. Indonesia • Indonesia: incentives to move from Java (2/3 pop) to other islands. • One-way air ticket, 5 acres, building material, seeds, and pesticides, and a year worth of rice.

  11. Europe • Follow the $$$: former colonies and poorer European countries migrated North and West.

  12. India • Gov. Permits: limit migration within to protect local economies and ethnic identity.

  13. Migration Within One Region • Urbanization Trend • MDC: ¾ urban population • LDC: since 1982 same trend is happening (23% to 42% in Asia)

  14. Migration from urban to Suburban Areas • MDC: intraregional migration from cities to suburbs (2:1 ratio) • Pull factor: NOT JOBS but WHAT? • Bigger, access, & more privacy

  15. Migration from Urban to Rural Areas • Counterurbanization: MDC experienced more people moving to rural than moving to urban. WHY? • Rat race versus the farm • What makes it possible? • Modern communications & transportation

  16. Gentrification: the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of low-income residents).