Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Objectives • Migration between regions within the United States. • Migration between regions in other countries. • Migration within one region.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Colonial Settlement: population concentration along Atlantic coast. Why? • Intervening obstacles (mountains, thick forests, and hostile Indians)
Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Early Settlement in the Interior: transportation improvement opened up settlement. How? • Erie Canal linked NYC to Great Lakes. Allowed farmers to move west.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Migration to California: Gold Rush & unsuitable farm land in the great plains rapidly sped the way for the population center to shift west.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Settlement of the Great Plains: rate slowed westward b/c European migration • Land grants and technological improvements to farm Great Plains
Migration Between Regions Within the United States • Recent growth of the South: pop moved 250 miles west (1940 to 2000). Moved southward 75 mi. Why? • Jobs and climate (area known = Sunbelt)
Migration Between Regions in Other Countries • Russia: built mines and factories near raw materials. • Far North: 45% of land (< 2% pop) solution? • Forced migration • Collapse of USSR: ended government sponsored “optimal locations” for factories.
Brazil • New Capital: Brazil moved capital 600 miles to the interior. Why?
Indonesia • Indonesia: incentives to move from Java (2/3 pop) to other islands. • One-way air ticket, 5 acres, building material, seeds, and pesticides, and a year worth of rice.
Europe • Follow the $$$: former colonies and poorer European countries migrated North and West.
India • Gov. Permits: limit migration within to protect local economies and ethnic identity.
Migration Within One Region • Urbanization Trend • MDC: ¾ urban population • LDC: since 1982 same trend is happening (23% to 42% in Asia)
Migration from urban to Suburban Areas • MDC: intraregional migration from cities to suburbs (2:1 ratio) • Pull factor: NOT JOBS but WHAT? • Bigger, access, & more privacy
Migration from Urban to Rural Areas • Counterurbanization: MDC experienced more people moving to rural than moving to urban. WHY? • Rat race versus the farm • What makes it possible? • Modern communications & transportation
Gentrification: the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of low-income residents).