My Digital Movie!Native Americans By SyrendaKeana
Georgia Performance Standard SS4H1 The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America. a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole). b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter.
Where they lived…. Native American tribes lived everywhere in what we now know as the United States of America. Even the Artic!
Artic/Inuit • The Inuit tribe lived in present day Alaska and Canada.
Northwest/Kwakiutl • The Kwakiutl inhabited parts of California and Canada
Plateau/Nez Perce • The Nez Perce lived in the Pacific northwest region
Southwest/Hopi • The Hopi Tribe is a sovereign nation located in northeastern Arizona
Plains/Pawnee • The Pawnee originally were located in an area roughly in Nebraska, South Dakota and Kansas
Southeast/Seminole • The Seminole lived in present day Florida.
Inuit Tribe Hunter/Gatherer Berries Seaweed Eggs Caribou • There are almost no trees in the Arctic. There are few plants. It is cold most of the year. The Inuit could not become farmers. Like the other early people who lived in the Arctic, they were hunters and gatherers. In the short summer, they gathered berries, seaweed, and eggs. Their main food year around was meat
Kwakiutl Fishermen Fish Deer Birds Clams Shellfish Seaweed Berries Roots Other small game • The Kwakiutl Indians were fishing people. Kwakiutl men caught fish and sea mammals from their canoes
Nez Perce Hunters and Fishermen Fish Deer Elk Buffalo Roots Fruits Nuts Seeds • The Nez Perce were fishing and hunting people. Nez Perce men caught salmon and other fish, and also hunted in the forests. Once they acquired horses, the Nez Perce tribe began to follow the buffalo herds
Hopi Farmer Corn Beans Squash Turkey Deer Antelope Nuts Fruits herbs • The Hopis were expert farming people. They planted crops of corn, beans, and squash, as well as cotton and tobacco, and raised turkeys for their meat.
Pawnee Farmers Corn Beans Squash Sunflowers Buffalo Antelopes • The Pawnees were farming people. The men worked together to hunt. Originally, Pawnee hunters would drive buffalo onto marshy land where it was easier to shoot them, but once they acquired horses, they hunted buffalo from horseback.
Seminole Farmers Corn Beans Squash Deer Wild turkeys Rabbits Turtles Alligators • The Seminoles were farming people. The women tended the crops. Seminole men did most of the hunting and fishing
Inuit Inuit women wore long dresses with removable sleeves. Inuit men wore breechclout and leggings. The Inuit’s also wore moccasin boots and long coats made of white leather. Inuit people frequently painted their coats, leggings, and dresses with fancy black and red designs. Some also adopted the warmer Eskimo-style parka.
Kwakiutl Elaborate Clothing Breech Cloth Kwakiutl men didn't usually wear clothing at all, though some men wore a breech clout. Women wore short skirts made of cedar bark. In colder weather, both genders wore knee-length tunics, long cloaks of shredded cedar bark, and moccasins on their feet. For formal occasions, Kwakiutl people wore more elaborate outfits, with tunics, leggings and cloaks painted with tribal designs.
Nez Perce Nez Perce women wore long deerskin dresses. Nez Perce men wore breechcloths with leather leggings and buckskin shirts. Both men and women wore moccasins on their feet. A Nez Perce lady's dress or warrior's shirt was fringed and often decorated with beadwork, shells, and painted designs.
Hopi Originally, Hopi men didn't wear much clothing-- only breechcloths or short kilts (men's skirts). Hopi women wore knee-length cotton dresses called mantas. A manta fastened at a woman's right shoulder, leaving her left shoulder bare.
Pawnee Pawnee women wore deerskin skirts and poncho-like blouses. Pawnee men wore breechcloths and leather leggings. Men did not usually wear shirts, but warriors sometimes wore special buckskin war shirts. The Pawnees wore moccasins on their feet, and in cold weather, they wore long buffalo-hide robes. A Pawnee lady's dress or warrior's shirt was fringed and often decorated with beadwork and painted designs.
Seminole Seminole men wore breechcloths. Seminole women wore wraparound skirts, usually woven from palmetto. Shirts were not necessary in Seminole culture, but men and women both wore poncho-style mantles in cool weather. The Seminoles also wore moccasins on their feet.
Inuit • The Inuit lived in igloos made of compacted snow and hard blocks of ice. They also build homes made out of dirt and stones.
Kwakiutl • The Kwakiutls lived in coastal villages of rectangular cedar-plank houses with bark roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet long) and each one housed several families from the same clan (as many as 50 people.)
Nez Perce • Originally, the Nez Perce lived in settled villages of earth houses. They made these homes by digging an underground room, then building a wooden frame over it and covering the frame with earth, cedar bark, and tule mats. There were two styles of Nez Perce earth houses: oval-shaped longhouses, which could be as long as 150 feet, and smaller round houses. Dozens of families lived together in a longhouse, while only one family lived in a round house.
Hopi • Hopi people lived in adobe houses, which are multi-story house complexes made of adobe (clay and straw baked into hard bricks) and stone. Each adobe unit was home to one family, like a modern apartment. Hopi people used ladders to reach the upstairs apartments. A Hopi adobe house can contain dozens of units and was often home to an entire extended clan.
Pawnee • Most Pawnee Indians lived in settled villages of round earthen lodges. Pawnee lodges were made from wooden frames covered with packed earth. When the Pawnee tribe went on hunting trips, they used buffalo-hide tipis (or teepees) as temporary shelter
Seminole • The Seminole people lived in houses called chickees. Seminole chickees were made of wood and plaster, and the roofs were thatched with palmetto fiber. Originally, the Seminoles lived in large villages of chickees arranged around a town square with central buildings in it, like a meeting hall and a sports field.
Work Cited • http://schoolworkhelper.net/the-seminole-natives-history-life/ • http://www.native-languages.org/kids.htm • http://pawneetribe.blogspot.com/2011/01/pawnee-tribe.html • http://nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/arctic/inuit.html • http://www.bigorrin.org/kwakiutl_kids.htm