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Unit 3 Review. Kyle, Megan, Emily, Danny, Michelle, William . Overview-Public Opinion . Public opinion is difficult to determine.

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Unit 3 review

Unit 3 Review

Kyle, Megan, Emily, Danny, Michelle, William

Overview public opinion
Overview-Public Opinion

  • Public opinion is difficult to determine.

  • Silent Majority- A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s.

  • Chief sources of political opinion (family,religion, information,schooling)

  • Causes of differences in opinion include a) race and ethnicity b) class c)region

Overview political divisions
Overview-Political Divisions

  • People rarely fall into one neat political category (conservative on some issue and liberal on others).

  • Political Ideology- a more or less consistent set of views as to the policies government ought to pursue. Economic and social division amongst people (Pure Liberal,Pure Conservative, Libertarian, and Populist)

Overview political elites
Overview-Political Elites

  • Definition: An identifiable group of person who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource-such as money or political power.

  • Political elites tend to be more consistent in their political beliefs.

  • They influence public opinion more than any ordinary person.

Overview political participation
Overview: Political Participation

  • low voter turnout comes mostly from people not being registered to vote

  • voting-age population:citizens eligible to vote

  • registered voters- citizens registered to vote

  • motor-voter law- requires states to allow people to register to vote when applying for a driver’s license

Overview political participation1
Overview: Political Participation

voter turnout

  • suffrage has been greatly extended since the ratification of the constitution

  • data shows a decline in voter turnout, but this could be from a number of factors

  • Australian ballot: government- printed ballot of uniform size and shape that is cast in secret

Overview political participation2
Overview: Political Participation

Forms of Participation

  • voting specialists

  • campaigners

  • communalists

  • parochial participants

    Political Participation tends to be determined by schooling, age, race, and socioeconomic status

Overview political parties
Overview-Political Parties

  • Political Parties=A Group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by supplying them with a label by which they are known to the electorate

  • Reasons for differences from European Parties

    • Federal system decentralizes power

    • Parties regulated by state and federal laws

    • Candidates chosen through primaries

  • National Party Structure today

    • National convention=They meet every four years to nominate presidential candidates

    • National committee

    • congressional campaign committee

    • National chair-manages daily work

Overview political parties1
Overview-Political Parties

  • Rise and Decline of the Political Party

    • Founding

      • emergence of the republicans and federalist

    • Jacksonians:1824-civil war

      • Political participation becomes mass phenomenon

    • Civil War and Sectionalism

    • Era of Reform

      • Made parties weaker because progressives wanted primary elections and strict voter registration

Overview political parties2
Overview-Political Parties

  • State and Local Parties

    • Political Machine-A party organization that recruits it’s members by the use of tangible incentives

    • Ideological parties-Principle above all

    • Solidary incentives- Enjoy the political scene

    • Sponsored parties- Strong association created of volunteers

    • Personal following- Work for person wanting election, then disband

  • Minor Parties

    • Ideological parties-Most enduring minor parties

    • Factional parties- Most important

Overview elections and campaigns
Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • In order to be elected to Congress or to the presidency, effective campaigns are essential

  • Presidential and congressional campaigns differ in various aspects like size, competitiveness, voting turnout, and services for their constituents

  • It is easier for congressional candidates to duck responsibility than presidential candidates

  • Presidential candidates, including incumbents, are held responsible for troubles in the government and the nation

Overview elections and campaigns1
Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • Presidential campaign requires a lot of money, effective organization, and strategic decisions

  • Political action committees can give candidates up to $5,000

  • General election and primary election

    • open and closed primaries

  • In campaigns, candidates deal with position issues and valence issues

  • Television has changed the dynamics of campaigns with paid advertisements, news broadcasts, and debates

Overview elections and campaigns2
Overview- Elections and Campaigns

  • Party identification is a main determinant of how people vote

  • Prospective voting and retrospective voting

  • The decay of parties

    • increase in voting a split ticket as opposed to a straight ticket

    • decline in the value of presidential coattails

Answer key
Answer Key!

1) Political ideology _t____

2) Political elite ____j___

3) Australian ballot __b___

4) Solidary incentives _m__

5) Coattails ___f___

6) Critical election __g____

7) Position issue ___n____

8) Plurality system __e____

9) Libertarians ___p___

10) Political party ___c___

11) Liberals ___i___

12) Silent majority __a___

13) Gender gap _____k___

14) Progressives ____d____

15) Conservatives ___o___

16) Closed primary ___h__

17) Political action committee ____r__

18) Ideological party ___u_

19) Populists ___s____

20) Political machine __l__

21) Open primary __q____